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短文改错考点-非谓语动词的错误

'短文改错考点-非谓语动词的错误'
考点7:非谓语动词的错误真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2012新课标卷) My punishment lasted a year. Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience, I could make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. 固定搭配:make sb. do sth.使某人做某事。2. (2011新课标卷) I was at the Shanghai Railway Station buy a ticket to Hangzhou. buying因句中已有谓语(was…),动词buy应为非谓语动词,因I与buy是主动关系,故用-ing形式作状语。3. (2015新课标卷II) After looks at the lookingtoy for some time, he turned around and found that his parents were missing.介词after后面接动名词,故用looking。 4. (2013新课标卷II) Have tea in the late Havingafternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner. 作主语,用动名词短语。思路点拨 1. 当句中已有谓语动词时,后面又出现动 词,且该动词前没有并列连词时,该动词 应是非谓语动词。 2. 作主语或宾语用动词-ing形式或不定式 (具体某次),如[真题再练]4;在介词后 作宾语要用动词-ing形式,如[真题再练] 3。3. 根据分词的逻辑主语与分词是主动关系还是被动关系,判断分词是否用错。如[真题再练]2。又如:It will be lots of fun practising out in the playground in the afternoon with the trees around us all red and yellow and everybody laughed and shouting. (2007大纲卷II)laughing解析:在and everybody laughed and shouting中,因everybody与laugh是主动关系,要用动词-ing形式作宾补,故改laughed为laughing。4. 用固定搭配去判断是否有错。如had better do sth., agree to do sth., help do sth., would like to do sth., help sb. do sth., make /let /have sb. do sth. (使某人做某事);see /hear sb. do sth.(看到/听到某人做某事);see /hear sb. doing sth. (看到/听到某人正在做某事)等。如[真题再练]1。考点归纳 1. 作主语或作介词宾语,该用动词-ing 形式时却用了原形。尤其注意分清to是 介词还是不定式符号。一定要熟记look forward to, be used to, be devoted to, get accustomed to等常用的to是介词的短语。 如:He isn’t good at talk but he gets on talkingwell with other people. (2013大纲卷)解析:talk在介词at后作宾语,应当用动词-ing形式,故改talk为talking。2.作定语、状语或补语时,非谓语动词形式用错。如:Third, we should find ways to reuse the water using in washing…(2012大纲卷II) used解析:水“被用”, 用过去分词作后置定语,故改using为used。3.在make sb. do sth., ask sb. to do sth., help sb. do sth.等固定结构中,多用to,少用to,或to后接动词的-ing形式。如:My brother was so fond of the museums there that he begged my parents to staying stayanother couple of days. (2011大纲卷II)解析:由beg sb. to do sth. (恳求某人做某事)可知,要将staying改为stay。4. 只能接不定式或只能接动词-ing形式作宾语的固定搭配。如:Last year, she decided study abroad. In other towords, we would be separated for a long time. (2010大纲卷II)解析:由decide to do sth.(决定做某事)可知,要在study 前加to。 5. 情感类动词的-ed分词与-ing分词的区别。如:My friend Nick told me a story about his experience back in the US, which was very interested. (2010新课标卷)interesting解析:句中的which代表a story about his experience,即“他的故事是有趣的”,应当用-ing分词作形容词,因为interested是表示人“感兴趣的”,故将interested改为interesting。6. 不定式的被动式中过去分词的拼写错误。如:If I have the honor to be chose to work for chosenthe 29th Olympic Games, I will first improve my English…(2008大纲卷II)解析:我有幸被选去为第29届奥运会工作,不定式用被动式是正确的,但构成被动式的过去分词chose错了,应改为chosen。考点练透1. (2010新课标卷) On the box was a card say: “25 cents each.” saying已有谓语动词was,所以say(写有)是非谓语动词;又因a card与say是主动关系,用-ing形式作定语。另外,这是倒装句,主语是a card,谓语是was on the box。2. (2008新课标卷) Looking forward to hear from you soon.hearing因look forward to中的to是介词,其后的动词要用-ing形式。3. (2007新课标卷) Li Ming came see me every day. to用come to do sth.表示“来做某事”。 4. (2014大纲卷) Otherwise, it is impossible for them to help each other and to make their friendship to last long. 由make sb. do sth.可知。5. (2010大纲卷I) He agreed to reading my readstory and give me some advice on how to write like a real writer. 同意做某事agree to do sth.6. (2010大纲卷II) I look forward to see her again in the near future. seeing因look forward to(盼望)中的to是介词,后接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。7. (2009大纲卷I) After five years away from my hometown, I find that the neighborhood which I used to living in has changed a lot. live表示“过去常常做某事”是used to do sth.。8. (2009大纲卷II) So I helped them going to the nearest hospital. go由help sb. do sth.可知。9. (2008大纲卷I) My father was so pleasing that pleasedhe suggested I go to England for a holiday. 表示人“感到高兴的”用-ed形容词。10. (2008大纲卷I) I’d like to staying there for stayhalf a month, visiting places of interest and practicing my English as well. 因would like to(=want to)后是要接动词原形的。11. (2008大纲卷I) I have often dreamed of talk face to face with you. talking作介词of的宾语,动词要用-ing形式。12. (2008大纲卷II) In short, I will do my best to help making the Games a success. make表示“帮助做某事”是help do sth.。13. (2009新课标卷) Well, I had better to stop now. 因had better do sth.是固定用法。THANK YOU! 考点7:非谓语动词的错误真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2012新课标卷) My punishment lasted a year. Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience, I could make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. 固定搭配:make sb. do sth.使某人做某事。2. (2011新课标卷) I was at the Shanghai Railway Station buy a ticket to Hangzhou. buying因句中已有谓语(was…),动词buy应为非谓语动词,因I与buy是主动关系,故用-ing形式作状语。3. (2015新课标卷II) After looks at the lookingtoy for some time, he turned around and found that his parents were missing.介词after后面接动名词,故用looking。 4. (2013新课标卷II) Have tea in the late Havingafternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner. 作主语,用动名词短语。思路点拨 1. 当句中已有谓语动词时,后面又出现动 词,且该动词前没有并列连词时,该动词 应是非谓语动词。 2. 作主语或宾语用动词-ing形式或不定式 (具体某次),如[真题再练]4;在介词后 作宾语要用动词-ing形式,如[真题再练] 3。3. 根据分词的逻辑主语与分词是主动关系还是被动关系,判断分词是否用错。如[真题再练]2。又如:It will be lots of fun practising out in the playground in the afternoon with the trees around us all red and yellow and everybody laughed and shouting. (2007大纲卷II)laughing解析:在and everybody laughed and shouting中,因everybody与laugh是主动关系,要用动词-ing形式作宾补,故改laughed为laughing。4. 用固定搭配去判断是否有错。如had better do sth., agree to do sth., help do sth., would like to do sth., help sb. do sth., make /let /have sb. do sth. (使某人做某事);see /hear sb. do sth.(看到/听到某人做某事);see /hear sb. doing sth. (看到/听到某人正在做某事)等。如[真题再练]1。考点归纳 1. 作主语或作介词宾语,该用动词-ing 形式时却用了原形。尤其注意分清to是 介词还是不定式符号。一定要熟记look forward to, be used to, be devoted to, get accustomed to等常用的to是介词的短语。 如:He isn’t good at talk but he gets on talkingwell with other people. (2013大纲卷)解析:talk在介词at后作宾语,应当用动词-ing形式,故改talk为talking。2.作定语、状语或补语时,非谓语动词形式用错。如:Third, we should find ways to reuse the water using in washing…(2012大纲卷II) used解析:水“被用”, 用过去分词作后置定语,故改using为used。3.在make sb. do sth., ask sb. to do sth., help sb. do sth.等固定结构中,多用to,少用to,或to后接动词的-ing形式。如:My brother was so fond of the museums there that he begged my parents to staying stayanother couple of days. (2011大纲卷II)解析:由beg sb. to do sth. (恳求某人做某事)可知,要将staying改为stay。4. 只能接不定式或只能接动词-ing形式作宾语的固定搭配。如:Last year, she decided study abroad. In other towords, we would be separated for a long time. (2010大纲卷II)解析:由decide to do sth.(决定做某事)可知,要在study 前加to。 5. 情感类动词的-ed分词与-ing分词的区别。如:My friend Nick told me a story about his experience back in the US, which was very interested. (2010新课标卷)interesting解析:句中的which代表a story about his experience,即“他的故事是有趣的”,应当用-ing分词作形容词,因为interested是表示人“感兴趣的”,故将interested改为interesting。6. 不定式的被动式中过去分词的拼写错误。如:If I have the honor to be chose to work for chosenthe 29th Olympic Games, I will first improve my English…(2008大纲卷II)解析:我有幸被选去为第29届奥运会工作,不定式用被动式是正确的,但构成被动式的过去分词chose错了,应改为chosen。考点练透1. (2010新课标卷) On the box was a card say: “25 cents each.” saying已有谓语动词was,所以say(写有)是非谓语动词;又因a card与say是主动关系,用-ing形式作定语。另外,这是倒装句,主语是a card,谓语是was on the box。2. (2008新课标卷) Looking forward to hear from you soon.hearing因look forward to中的to是介词,其后的动词要用-ing形式。3. (2007新课标卷) Li Ming came see me every day. to用come to do sth.表示“来做某事”。 4. (2014大纲卷) Otherwise, it is impossible for them to help each other and to make their friendship to last long. 由make sb. do sth.可知。5. (2010大纲卷I) He agreed to reading my readstory and give me some advice on how to write like a real writer. 同意做某事agree to do sth.6. (2010大纲卷II) I look forward to see her again in the near future. seeing因look forward to(盼望)中的to是介词,后接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。7. (2009大纲卷I) After five years away from my hometown, I find that the neighborhood which I used to living in has changed a lot. live表示“过去常常做某事”是used to do sth.。8. (2009大纲卷II) So I helped them going to the nearest hospital. go由help sb. do sth.可知。9. (2008大纲卷I) My father was so pleasing that pleasedhe suggested I go to England for a holiday. 表示人“感到高兴的”用-ed形容词。10. (2008大纲卷I) I’d like to staying there for stayhalf a month, visiting places of interest and practicing my English as well. 因would like to(=want to)后是要接动词原形的。11. (2008大纲卷I) I have often dreamed of talk face to face with you. talking作介词of的宾语,动词要用-ing形式。12. (2008大纲卷II) In short, I will do my best to help making the Games a success. make表示“帮助做某事”是help do sth.。13. (2009新课标卷) Well, I had better to stop now. 因had better do sth.是固定用法。THANK YOU! 考点7:非谓语动词的错误真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2012新课标卷) My punishment lasted a year. Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience, I could make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. 固定搭配:make sb. do sth.使某人做某事。2. (2011新课标卷) I was at the Shanghai Railway Station buy a ticket to Hangzhou. buying因句中已有谓语(was…),动词buy应为非谓语动词,因I与buy是主动关系,故用-ing形式作状语。3. (2015新课标卷II) After looks at the lookingtoy for some time, he turned around and found that his parents were missing.介词after后面接动名词,故用looking。 4. (2013新课标卷II) Have tea in the late Havingafternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner. 作主语,用动名词短语。思路点拨 1. 当句中已有谓语动词时,后面又出现动 词,且该动词前没有并列连词时,该动词 应是非谓语动词。 2. 作主语或宾语用动词-ing形式或不定式 (具体某次),如[真题再练]4;在介词后 作宾语要用动词-ing形式,如[真题再练] 3。3. 根据分词的逻辑主语与分词是主动关系还是被动关系,判断分词是否用错。如[真题再练]2。又如:It will be lots of fun practising out in the playground in the afternoon with the trees around us all red and yellow and everybody laughed and shouting. (2007大纲卷II)laughing解析:在and everybody laughed and shouting中,因everybody与laugh是主动关系,要用动词-ing形式作宾补,故改laughed为laughing。4. 用固定搭配去判断是否有错。如had better do sth., agree to do sth., help do sth., would like to do sth., help sb. do sth., make /let /have sb. do sth. (使某人做某事);see /hear sb. do sth.(看到/听到某人做某事);see /hear sb. doing sth. (看到/听到某人正在做某事)等。如[真题再练]1。考点归纳 1. 作主语或作介词宾语,该用动词-ing 形式时却用了原形。尤其注意分清to是 介词还是不定式符号。一定要熟记look forward to, be used to, be devoted to, get accustomed to等常用的to是介词的短语。 如:He isn’t good at talk but he gets on talkingwell with other people. (2013大纲卷)解析:talk在介词at后作宾语,应当用动词-ing形式,故改talk为talking。2.作定语、状语或补语时,非谓语动词形式用错。如:Third, we should find ways to reuse the water using in washing…(2012大纲卷II) used解析:水“被用”, 用过去分词作后置定语,故改using为used。3.在make sb. do sth., ask sb. to do sth., help sb. do sth.等固定结构中,多用to,少用to,或to后接动词的-ing形式。如:My brother was so fond of the museums there that he begged my parents to staying stayanother couple of days. (2011大纲卷II)解析:由beg sb. to do sth. (恳求某人做某事)可知,要将staying改为stay。4. 只能接不定式或只能接动词-ing形式作宾语的固定搭配。如:Last year, she decided study abroad. In other towords, we would be separated for a long time. (2010大纲卷II)解析:由decide to do sth.(决定做某事)可知,要在study 前加to。 5. 情感类动词的-ed分词与-ing分词的区别。如:My friend Nick told me a story about his experience back in the US, which was very interested. (2010新课标卷)interesting解析:句中的which代表a story about his experience,即“他的故事是有趣的”,应当用-ing分词作形容词,因为interested是表示人“感兴趣的”,故将interested改为interesting。6. 不定式的被动式中过去分词的拼写错误。如:If I have the honor to be chose to work for chosenthe 29th Olympic Games, I will first improve my English…(2008大纲卷II)解析:我有幸被选去为第29届奥运会工作,不定式用被动式是正确的,但构成被动式的过去分词chose错了,应改为chosen。考点练透1. (2010新课标卷) On the box was a card say: “25 cents each.” saying已有谓语动词was,所以say(写有)是非谓语动词;又因a card与say是主动关系,用-ing形式作定语。另外,这是倒装句,主语是a card,谓语是was on the box。2. (2008新课标卷) Looking forward to hear from you soon.hearing因look forward to中的to是介词,其后的动词要用-ing形式。3. (2007新课标卷) Li Ming came see me every day. to用come to do sth.表示“来做某事”。 4. (2014大纲卷) Otherwise, it is impossible for them to help each other and to make their friendship to last long. 由make sb. do sth.可知。5. (2010大纲卷I) He agreed to reading my readstory and give me some advice on how to write like a real writer. 同意做某事agree to do sth.6. (2010大纲卷II) I look forward to see her again in the near future. seeing因look forward to(盼望)中的to是介词,后接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。7. (2009大纲卷I) After five years away from my hometown, I find that the neighborhood which I used to living in has changed a lot. live表示“过去常常做某事”是used to do sth.。8. (2009大纲卷II) So I helped them going to the nearest hospital. go由help sb. do sth.可知。9. (2008大纲卷I) My father was so pleasing that pleasedhe suggested I go to England for a holiday. 表示人“感到高兴的”用-ed形容词。10. (2008大纲卷I) I’d like to staying there for stayhalf a month, visiting places of interest and practicing my English as well. 因would like to(=want to)后是要接动词原形的。11. (2008大纲卷I) I have often dreamed of talk face to face with you. talking作介词of的宾语,动词要用-ing形式。12. (2008大纲卷II) In short, I will do my best to help making the Games a success. make表示“帮助做某事”是help do sth.。13. (2009新课标卷) Well, I had better to stop now. 因had better do sth.是固定用法。THANK YOU! 考点7:非谓语动词的错误真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2012新课标卷) My punishment lasted a year. Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience, I could make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. 固定搭配:make sb. do sth.使某人做某事。2. (2011新课标卷) I was at the Shanghai Railway Station buy a ticket to Hangzhou. buying因句中已有谓语(was…),动词buy应为非谓语动词,因I与buy是主动关系,故用-ing形式作状语。3. (2015新课标卷II) After looks at the lookingtoy for some time, he turned around and found that his parents were missing.介词after后面接动名词,故用looking。 4. (2013新课标卷II) Have tea in the late Havingafternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner. 作主语,用动名词短语。思路点拨 1. 当句中已有谓语动词时,后面又出现动 词,且该动词前没有并列连词时,该动词 应是非谓语动词。 2. 作主语或宾语用动词-ing形式或不定式 (具体某次),如[真题再练]4;在介词后 作宾语要用动词-ing形式,如[真题再练] 3。3. 根据分词的逻辑主语与分词是主动关系还是
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