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短文改错考点5连词误用、多用或少用

'短文改错考点5连词误用、多用或少用'
考点5:连词误用、多用或少用真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2015新课标卷I) In the countryside, the air is clean or the mountains are green. and因“空气新鲜”与“山绿”是并列关系,而非选择关系。2.(2014新课标卷I) Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had 也可以改but为yetany disease or insect attack problems.因but不与although连用,须删除其中之一;又因删除Although,we不是大写字母开头,所以只能删除but;也可以改but为yet。3.(2013新课标卷I) He had a deep voice, which set him apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. and因删除非限制性定语从句which…town后,就是He had a deep voice, he was strong and powerful,显然两句之间缺少连词;从两句间的逻辑关系看,是并列关系,故用and。4. (2013新课标卷I) In fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over whento play or do homework with me. 因during是介词,不能引导从句,应改为连词;从句意来看,应改为引导时间状语从句的when。 5.(2012新课标卷) But before long, they began to see which was happening. what引导宾语从句并在从句中作主语, 表示“所……的事(the thing that)”, 故用what。 6.(2011新课标卷) I bought my ticket but andturned around to pick up my bag from the floor, and then I realized that someone had stolen it.因“买票”与“转身”是先后紧接着发生的两个动作,是顺承关系,无转折意义,故用and。7. (2015新课标卷II) After looking at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. that或删除where因found后是宾语从句,意为“他的父母不见了”,其结构与意义完整了,用that引导或省略that。8.(2013新课标卷II) Having tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 whicho’clock at night. 引导非限制性定语从句不能用that。思路点拨 1. 句间无连词,增加连词。凡是两个 句子之间没有句号、分号,又没有连 词时,一定是漏掉连词了,要根据两 句之间的意义关系或逻辑关系,增加 一个恰当的连词。2. 句间多连词,删除连词。虽然同一句子中的两个主谓关系之间一定有连词,但又不能多,只需一个,多了就错了。特别是受汉语的影响,易将although /though… but(虽然……但是……), because /since/ as…so (因为……所以……)连用,遇到此种情况,一般删除后面的but, so, 以免影响一个句子的第一个单词首字母大写的原则。3. 遇到连词要考究是否用错。如or (表选择), and (表顺承), but (表转折)之间是否用错,要根据句意的理解、前后的逻辑关系去判断。考点归纳 除2013年卷I考了2道题,2014年卷 II没有考查连词外,每年有1道题考查连 词。在最近5年8套题中考了8道题,已考 的具体考点有: 1. 并列连词的误用 (1)or与and混用。如[真题再练]1。(2)but与and混用。如[真题再练]6。(3)but与although连用。如[真题再练]2。(4)并列连词漏用。如[真题再练]3。2. 从句的引导词的误用(1)误用从句连词。如[真题再练]5、7。(2)误用that来引导非限制性定语从句。如[真题再练]8。(3) 介词误作连词用。如[真题再练]4,during误作when。易混的还有表示“随着”的介词with与连词when;表示“在……期间”的介词during与连词while。介词一般是接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,而连词才可以连接句子。考生备考时,以下3点仍需注意:1. that的用法。(1)引导名词性从句时没有任何意思,也不作任何句子成分,只起连接作用,因此引导宾语从句时常被省略。(2)引导定语从句,如果不是直接在介词后,一般可以替代which或who,但不能引导非限制性定语从句。2. what的用法。是连接代词,引导名词性从句并在从句中作主语或宾语,除表示“什么”外,还有“所……的(the thing that)”之类的意思。3. 牢记平行结构。请翻译下列连词:(1) 或者……或者…… e_i_t_h_e_r_…__o_r_…__________(2) 既不……也不…… n__ei_t_h_e_r_…__n_o_r_…________(3) 不但……而且…… n__o_t _o_n_ly_…__b_u__t _a_ls_o_…____(4) 不是……而是…… n__o_t…__b_u_t_…____________(5) 不论……还是…… w__h_e_t_h_e_r…__o_r_…_________ 此外,no sooner…than, hardly…when中than与when不要用错,有比较级sooner,才用than。考点练透 下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单 词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并 改正过来,然后说明理由。 1. (2010新课标卷) Without a moment’s delay, his neighbor picked up the box but announced “I’ll take them.” and 因“拿起来”与“宣布”是顺承关系,不 是转折关系。 2. (2008新课标卷) More than 1 000 paintings will be on show, but high andschool students from all the eight districts will come to the event. 前后没有转折的意思。3. (2007新课标卷)Last year I was ill but had to stay in hospital for a week. and因“生病”与“住院”是顺承关系,并非转折关系。4. (2014大纲卷)The more friends we have, the more we can learn from one another, but the more pleasure we can share together.and前后不是转折关系。5. (2013大纲卷) My father is hardworking but goes to work in the field every day.and前后意义没有转折关系。6. (2009大纲卷II) I meant to give it back to you before four in the afternoon, and I was held up on my way back. but因“打算四点前还”与“被阻在路上”是转折关系。 7. (2012大纲卷I) What’s more, we can go to work by bike once and twice a or week, and we can also buy smaller cars that burn less oil. 因once or twice(一两次,偶尔)是固定词组。8. (2010大纲卷I) It was a chance of a lifetime to win the first prize in the Story Writing Show. All I had to do was to write a story or present it. and因“写一个故事”与“将它交上去”是先后两个动作,顺承关系,而不是选择关系。 9. (2008大纲卷II) Finally, I should be able to tell visitors about our history or culture and show them our great and achievements. 要告诉外宾的应是“历史与文化”,而非“历史或文化”。10. (2011大纲卷I) Now Aigulie and I study at different colleges or we can andonly see each other during the summer vacation. 因“在不同学校学习”与“只能在暑期见面”不是选择关系而是顺承的并列关系。 11. (2012大纲卷II) Water is important. We, as well as animals, cannot live without water and neither agriculture or industry can go without it. nor 固定搭配:neither…nor…12. (2009新课标卷)I’m going to attend my first lesson this afternoon, for I’ve sogot some preparations to make. Keep in touch.前句是因后句是果,用连词so (因此,所以)。13. (2009新课标卷) No lectures this morning so I think I’d email you and let you know what things are going. how宾语从句中的going是不及物动词,不能跟宾语,不用代词what,而要用副词;意思是告诉你“情况如何(how)”。14. (2008新课标卷)We would be grateful when you could join us that day. if意为“如果”你能来参加,我们非常感激。15. (2014大纲卷)And it is wise to have as many good friends that we can. as 固定句式as…as…16. (2013大纲卷)This is how I need to improve in the future. what引导表语从句并作improve的宾语。17. (2012大纲卷II)I think, we should first go all out to plant trees though trees will help save water. because /since/as树能保水是种树的原因。18. (2011大纲卷I) Since the lunch bell finally Whenrang, my friends and I met under a tall tree and had our lunches. 表示“当午餐的铃终于响起时”。19. (2011大纲卷II) It’s been a week after we left your family and we are sincenow back home. 表示“自从……有多长时间了”的句型是“It’s been+时间段+since…”。20. (2010大纲卷I) My teachers had beentelling me how great my writing was. So if they had said was true, I would have awhatchance of winning the prize. 引导主语从句,作said的宾语,用连接代词what,意为“他们所说的”。 21. (2007大纲卷I) I was only about six that he held his hand out to me. when引导时间状语从句,表示“当……时”。22. (2007大纲卷I) I looked at his other hand. “But Grandpa, what do you have whymore lines on that one?” “Because…”由后面的Because可知,是问:为什么那只手会有更多的皱纹呢? 23. (2007大纲卷II) My school is organizing a basketball team and there’s just a chance which I can join it. that引导同位语从句,从句句意完整,用that引导。 THANK YOU! 考点5:连词误用、多用或少用真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2015新课标卷I) In the countryside, the air is clean or the mountains are green. and因“空气新鲜”与“山绿”是并列关系,而非选择关系。2.(2014新课标卷I) Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had 也可以改but为yetany disease or insect attack problems.因but不与although连用,须删除其中之一;又因删除Although,we不是大写字母开头,所以只能删除but;也可以改but为yet。3.(2013新课标卷I) He had a deep voice, which set him apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. and因删除非限制性定语从句which…town后,就是He had a deep voice, he was strong and powerful,显然两句之间缺少连词;从两句间的逻辑关系看,是并列关系,故用and。4. (2013新课标卷I) In fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over whento play or do homework with me. 因during是介词,不能引导从句,应改为连词;从句意来看,应改为引导时间状语从句的when。 5.(2012新课标卷) But before long, they began to see which was happening. what引导宾语从句并在从句中作主语, 表示“所……的事(the thing that)”, 故用what。 6.(2011新课标卷) I bought my ticket but andturned around to pick up my bag from the floor, and then I realized that someone had stolen it.因“买票”与“转身”是先后紧接着发生的两个动作,是顺承关系,无转折意义,故用and。7. (2015新课标卷II) After looking at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. that或删除where因found后是宾语从句,意为“他的父母不见了”,其结构与意义完整了,用that引导或省略that。8.(2013新课标卷II) Having tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 whicho’clock at night. 引导非限制性定语从句不能用that。思路点拨 1. 句间无连词,增加连词。凡是两个 句子之间没有句号、分号,又没有连 词时,一定是漏掉连词了,要根据两 句之间的意义关系或逻辑关系,增加 一个恰当的连词。2. 句间多连词,删除连词。虽然同一句子中的两个主谓关系之间一定有连词,但又不能多,只需一个,多了就错了。特别是受汉语的影响,易将although /though… but(虽然……但是……), because /since/ as…so (因为……所以……)连用,遇到此种情况,一般删除后面的but, so, 以免影响一个句子的第一个单词首字母大写的原则。3. 遇到连词要考究是否用错。如or (表选择), and (表顺承), but (表转折)之间是否用错,要根据句意的理解、前后的逻辑关系去判断。考点归纳 除2013年卷I考了2道题,2014年卷 II没有考查连词外,每年有1道题考查连 词。在最近5年8套题中考了8道题,已考 的具体考点有: 1. 并列连词的误用 (1)or与and混用。如[真题再练]1。(2)but与and混用。如[真题再练]6。(3)but与although连用。如[真题再练]2。(4)并列连词漏用。如[真题再练]3。2. 从句的引导词的误用(1)误用从句连词。如[真题再练]5、7。(2)误用that来引导非限制性定语从句。如[真题再练]8。(3) 介词误作连词用。如[真题再练]4,during误作when。易混的还有表示“随着”的介词with与连词when;表示“在……期间”的介词during与连词while。介词一般是接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,而连词才可以连接句子。考生备考时,以下3点仍需注意:1. that的用法。(1)引导名词性从句时没有任何意思,也不作任何句子成分,只起连接作用,因此引导宾语从句时常被省略。(2)引导定语从句,如果不是直接在介词后,一般可以替代which或who,但不能引导非限制性定语从句。2. what的用法。是连接代词,引导名词性从句并在从句中作主语或宾语,除表示“什么”外,还有“所……的(the thing that)”之类的意思。3. 牢记平行结构。请翻译下列连词:(1) 或者……或者…… e_i_t_h_e_r_…__o_r_…__________(2) 既不……也不…… n__ei_t_h_e_r_…__n_o_r_…________(3) 不但……而且…… n__o_t _o_n_ly_…__b_u__t _a_ls_o_…____(4) 不是……而是…… n__o_t…__b_u_t_…____________(5) 不论……还是…… w__h_e_t_h_e_r…__o_r_…_________ 此外,no sooner…than, hardly…when中than与when不要用错,有比较级sooner,才用than。考点练透 下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单 词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并 改正过来,然后说明理由。 1. (2010新课标卷) Without a moment’s delay, his neighbor picked up the box but announced “I’ll take them.” and 因“拿起来”与“宣布”是顺承关系,不 是转折关系。 2. (2008新课标卷) More than 1 000 paintings will be on show, but high andschool students from all the eight districts will come to the event. 前后没有转折的意思。3. (2007新课标卷)Last year I was ill but had to stay in hospital for a week. and因“生病”与“住院”是顺承关系,并非转折关系。4. (2014大纲卷)The more friends we have, the more we can learn from one another, but the more pleasure we can share together.and前后不是转折关系。5. (2013大纲卷) My father is hardworking but goes to work in the field every day.and前后意义没有转折关系。6. (2009大纲卷II) I meant to give it back to you before four in the afternoon, and I was held up on my way back. but因“打算四点前还”与“被阻在路上”是转折关系。 7. (2012大纲卷I) What’s more, we can go to work by bike once and twice a or week, and we can also buy smaller cars that burn less oil. 因once or twice(一两次,偶尔)是固定词组。8. (2010大纲卷I) It was a chance of a lifetime to win the first prize in the Story Writing Show. All I had to do was to write a story or present it. and因“写一个故事”与“将它交上去”是先后两个动作,顺承关系,而不是选择关系。 9. (2008大纲卷II) Finally, I should be able to tell visitors about our history or culture and show them our great and achievements. 要告诉外宾的应是“历史与文化”,而非“历史或文化”。10. (2011大纲卷I) Now Aigulie and I study at different colleges or we can andonly see each other during the summer vacation. 因“在不同学校学习”与“只能在暑期见面”不是选择关系而是顺承的并列关系。 11. (2012大纲卷II) Water is important. We, as well as animals, cannot live without water and neither agriculture or industry can go without it. nor 固定搭配:neither…nor…12. (2009新课标卷)I’m going to attend my first lesson this afternoon, for I’ve sogot some preparations to make. Keep in touch.前句是因后句是果,用连词so (因此,所以)。13. (2009新课标卷) No lectures this morning so I think I’d email you and let you know what things are going. how宾语从句中的going是不及物动词,不能跟宾语,不用代词what,而要用副词;意思是告诉你“情况如何(how)”。14. (2008新课标卷)We would be grateful when you could join us that day. if意为“如果”你能来参加,我们非常感激。15. (2014大纲卷)And it is wise to have as many good friends that we can. as 固定句式as…as…16. (2013大纲卷)This is how I need to improve in the future. what引导表语从句并作improve的宾语。17. (2012大纲卷II)I think, we should first go all out to plant trees though trees will help save water. because /since/as树能保水是种树的原因。18. (2011大纲卷I) Since the lunch bell finally Whenrang, my friends and I met under a tall tree and had our lunches. 表示“当午餐的铃终于响起时”。19. (2011大纲卷II) It’s been a week after we left your family and we are sincenow back home. 表示“自从……有多长时间了”的句型是“It’s been+时间段+since…”。20. (2010大纲卷I) My teachers had beentelling me how great my writing was. So if they had said was true, I would have awhatchance of winning the prize. 引导主语从句,作said的宾语,用连接代词what,意为“他们所说的”。 21. (2007大纲卷I) I was only about six that he held his hand out to me. when引导时间状语从句,表示“当……时”。22. (2007大纲卷I) I looked at his other hand. “But Grandpa, what do you have whymore lines on that one?” “Because…”由后面的Because可知,是问:为什么那只手会有更多的皱纹呢? 23. (2007大纲卷II) My school is organizing a basketball team and there’s just a chance which I can join it. that引导同位语从句,从句句意完整,用that引导。 THANK YOU! 考点5:连词误用、多用或少用真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2015新课标卷I) In the countryside, the air is clean or the mountains are green. and因“空气新鲜”与“山绿”是并列关系,而非选择关系。2.(2014新课标卷I) Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had 也可以改but为yetany disease or insect attack problems.因but不与although连用,须删除其中之一;又因删除Although,we不是大写字母开头,所以只能删除but;也可以改but为yet。3.(2013新课标卷I) He had a deep voice, which set him apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. and因删除非限制性定语从句which…town后,就是He had a deep voice, he was strong and powerful,显然两句之间缺少连词;从两句间的逻辑关系看,是并列关系,故用and。4. (2013新课标卷I) In fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over whento play or do homework with me. 因during是介词,不能引导从句,应改为连词;从句意来看,应改为引导时间状语从句的when。 5.(2012新课标卷) But before long, they began to see which was happening. what引导宾语从句并在从句中作主语, 表示“所……的事(the thing that)”, 故用what。 6.(2011新课标卷) I bought my ticket but andturned around to pick up my bag from the floor, and then I realized that someone had stolen it.因“买票”与“转身”是先后紧接着发生的两个动作,是顺承关系,无转折意义,故用and。7. (2015新课标卷II) After looking at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. that或删除where因found后是宾语从句,意为“他的父母不见了”,其结构与意义完整了,用that引导或省略that。8.(2013新课标卷II) Having tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 whicho’clock at night. 引导非限制性定语从句不能用that。思路点拨 1. 句间无连词,增加连词。凡是两个 句子之间没有句号、分号,又没有连 词时,一定是漏掉连词了,要根据两 句之间的意义关系或逻辑关系,增加 一个恰当的连词。2. 句间多连词,删除连词。虽然同一句子中的两个主谓关系之间一定有连词,但又不能多,只需一个,多了就错了。特别是受汉语的影响,易将although /thou
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