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短文改错讲与练

'短文改错讲与练'
临场应试技巧 : 做短文改错时只要记住“三歩”,“五原则和“四不改”就能提高得分率。1.    通读全文,把握时态前后应一致,人称代词前后一致,主谓一致等2.    以句为单位:先翻译,后逐词推敲。3.    复读全文,修订答案 . 五原则:1.改变实词形式,不能将一个实词换成另一个实词。如:mothers-mother2 .最小限度做改动。3.  添加或删除虚词(如冠词,介词等).4.  多改正,少添加或删除.5.  最大限度地保持句子和短文原意。四不改:1.    单词拼写不改 .2.    大小写不改 .3.    词序不改 .4.    标点符号不改 . 项目年度 正确 多词 缺词 错词 2004 1 1 0 8 2005 1 1 1 7 2006 1 1 1 7 2 0 0 7 1 1 1 7 介 动 形容 代 名 连 冠 总 测试点年度 词 词 词或 词 词 词 词 计 副词 2004 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 9 2005 2 3 2 1 0 1 0 9 2006 1 2 2 2 1 1 0 9 2 0 0 7 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 9即:什么时态?主被动?单复数?谓语/非谓语?Eg. 1.With the coming of spring , trees turn green ,and flowers grew in many colours 2.When I was young ,suppertime is always being interrupted. 3. The bike outside my house is belonged to Tom . 4. Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong. 5. Thank you for helping me becoming a different person 6. I will visit the writer who have published 10 books.即:可数不可数?单数还是复数?(可数名词单 数不单独出现。)1. I worked hard. So I got good marks in all my subject.2. I have no ideas what he will do.3. Your knowledges of England can help us.4. On the way I was busy taking picture because the scenery was beautiful.多: 不需冠词时(固定搭配,或泛指可数名词复数及不可数名 词)少:改用时没用错:the, a, an 混淆(定冠变不定冠,注意…)Eg.1. A Frenchman and a American decided to cross the sea in the balloon in 1784 . 2. When a child is five, his parents will send him to the school .3. After a hour, he came back. 即:形容词和副词的混用,厡级、比较级、最高 级的转换。 Eg.1. I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. 2. Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family. 3. They came back lately .4. The two men threw all their equipment into the water to make the balloon light.五、 代词格,细领悟:代词指代错误,多余,缺少或不一致 1. 人称代词,物主代词的使用. 2.反身代词oneself 的使用. 3.人称代词的主格和宾格. 4.不定代词的使用. 5.Both, all, either, neither, none的使用. 6.  Whose 和who’s, its和 it’s的区别.      I was only about six when he held his  hand out to me. I took it in me and we  walked. mine2007全国II:    While the others are jumping about in the air,  I can run under my legs and get the ball.2007陕西: their   Just at that time I woke up and found me still  in bed! myself 2006辽宁卷:    She always made sure that our homework  was finished on time, and she marked strictly  on student’s actual performance. students’/our1. I just smiled to me and thought , “What can I do ?”2. the men threw away most of his clothes to save themselves. 3. I showed them the photo you sent it to me. 4. I think important to master English. 六、习惯用法要记住        主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识,其错误表现形式主要有三种:多词、少词和搭配错误。 catch a sight of lose my heart in h∨ urry a in Sunday afternoon on such many people so 七、句子成分多分析 不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语境要选择不同的词语。只有对句子结构和成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。 They eager to know everything about China. I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. 八、逻辑错误须关注关联词和平行结构的误用1.I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light.2.He and she should make the class very active by joking with the students .3. 30 percent of girls would like to become teachers when only 5 percent of boys want to do this job. 注意: “虽然,但是” “因为,所以” 英语中不同时出现. 一般直接加ly, 如: quickly, slowly, loudly,特 殊规则:1.以le, ble或ue结尾时(e不发音),去e加ly. true—truly , gentle– gently , whole-whollypossible—possibly, terrible—terribly 比较: politely, widely, nicely2.辅音字母加y,变y为i 加ly. happy—happily, angry—angrily, lucky—luckily, heavy—heavily, noisy—noisily3. 以-l结尾加-ly,以-ll结尾只加-y. usual—usually, careful—carefully, Useful—usefully , full—fully,4.. 以c结尾时,加ally. Energetic-energetically5. 形容词副词同形Fast, hard, late, early6. 有些形容词以ly结尾 friendly,lovely,lively,likely,lonely,uglyDeadly, sillyDaily,Yearly, monthly, weekly 1.单音节直接加 er/ est: great,wide.2. 双音节或多音节借助more/ most/less/leastBeautiful, difficult, intelligent3.少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble结尾的双音节形容词在词 尾加 -er 和 -est : Clever4. 辅音字母加y , 变y 为i加er/est happier, happiest1.直接加s: books, desks2.以sh, ch, s, x结尾,加-es boxes, matches,3. 辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i加-es cities, countries比较:boys,toys, days4.f/ fe 结尾,变f/fe 为-ves. knife-knives , half-halves(一半)(thief ,wife ,life ,shelf ,knife ,leaf ,self ,half ,wolf)有少数词后直接加s,如roof-roofs (屋顶)5.以O结尾加-es 的词: Negroes, heroes, potatoes, tomatoes其他多加S :Photos, zoos, pianos有的都可以: zeroes/zeros, volcanos/volcanoes6. 元音字母发变化 man—men woman—women tooth— teeth , foot—feet mouse--mice7.词尾发生变化。child—children , ox--oxen(公牛)3) 单、复数形式相同。fish--fish,sheep--sheep,deer--deer,Chinese--Chinese,means, series, species, works4) 有些名词只有作复数。scissors(剪刀 )trousers(裤子)jeans(工装裤) compasses(两脚规) scales(天平) sunglasses(太阳镜) surroundings(环境) savings(储蓄) writings(作品) Englishman--Englishmen(英国人) Frenchwoman--Frenchwomen(法国妇女)注意German不是复合词,它的复数是Germans。1. 一般加-ed: worked2. 不发音e结尾,直接加d: lived, moved, decided3. 辅音加y结尾,变y为i加ed. copy, carry, cry比较: play,destroy,4.一个元音加一个辅音结尾的重读闭音节,双写辅 音字母加ed.  stopped begged dragged dropped planned1. 直接加s: makes, stops, reads2. 辅音加y结尾, 变y为ies carries, worries, studies比较: plays, destroys,3.s, x , sh, ch ,o结尾,加es teaches, watches, goes1. 直接加: standing,looking2. 不发音字母e结尾,去e加 ride,take, make3. 一个元音和一个辅音结尾的重读闭音节,双写 辅音字母。 Swim, sit, begin, run, put, cut 比较: eat4. 结尾是ie, 变ie为y加ing: Lie, die, tie ? 单句改错.(下列句子各有一处错误,请改正) 1.Now people get a lot of informations from TV. 2.German is a European country. 3.They didn’t want me to do any work at family. 4.Yesterday I met an old friend of my father. 5.Boys and girls, don’t lose hearts. Do better next time. 6.They are of different size. 7.It is so beautiful place that you must visit it. 8.What a terrible weather we have been having! 9.It took place in France, an European country. 10.Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.– 11.What good time we had last night!– * We shall spend three-day holiday together.– *I came to understand that was not easy to earn money.– * Some parents think useless for girls to go to school.– * When he bought a chocolate cake, he put them in a secret place.– – *One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher.– *It’s important that we should think over before doing anything.– *The truck was moving so fast that the driver couldn’t control.– *I apologized and controlled me at my best till the dinner started.– 20.We must take part in the social practice to prepare us well for our future.31.She never has enough time for that she wants to do.– I find what I have one shortcoming in my character.– What necessary it is that we get rid of the bad habits .– It didn’t matter that I would win or not.– People in the US drink more coffee than people in any country.– The development will bring us much more hopes and chances.– The Olympics are held each four years.– A summer, Fane traveled abroad.– I hope you think about my request as soon as possibly.40. I know you are particular interested in Human Rights.– If you close your eyes, you can’t see something, because your eyelids prevent the light enter your eyes– For our joy, Li Ding, monitor of our class, who was among the winners.– The only thing I can think is when I am going to get home listen to my music.– All my classmates are busy prepare for the exam except myself.– The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English.– If you learning English, it is not enough only to keep in minds the rules of grammar.– I get up very early this morning to go to the airport to meet Mr. White, a expert from the USA.– One and a half year later, I now think English a fun to learn.– I communicated myself thanks to his great kindness.– I was great delighted to learn that you do very well in the mid-term examination.– I went through the test for many times but I can only answer three out of the twenty questions.– For instance, on one night, the played strong and loudly music till 4 o’clock in the morning.– Thinking he had no work to do, and my father came back home, quickly finishing his supper and left for the cinema.– Men have been interesting in the stars ever since they first looked up into sky.– That is difficulty to say how many people are learning English.– Three years ago, he was picked out and send to study in abroad.– Sometimes, I wish I can stay in a quiet place lonely, away from this city for a long time.– Many years ago, I step into a bookstore for some books I wanted them.– Having learned why he wanted the book, and the bookseller gave him some writing papers and a new pencil as a gift.– you can find all kinds information in just a few minute on the internet.临场应试技巧 : 做短文改错时只要记住“三歩”,“五原则和“四不改”就能提高得分率。1.    通读全文,把握时态前后应一致,人称代词前后一致,主谓一致等2.    以句为单位:先翻译,后逐词推敲。3.    复读全文,修订答案 . 五原则:1.改变实词形式,不能将一个实词换成另一个实词。如:mothers-mother2 .最小限度做改动。3.  添加或删除虚词(如冠词,介词等).4.  多改正,少添加或删除.5.  最大限度地保持句子和短文原意。四不改:1.    单词拼写不改 .2.    大小写不改 .3.    词序不改 .4.    标点符号不改 . 项目年度 正确 多词 缺词 错词 2004 1 1 0 8 2005 1 1 1 7 2006 1 1 1 7 2 0 0 7 1 1 1 7 介 动 形容 代 名 连 冠 总 测试点年度 词 词 词或 词 词 词 词 计 副词 2004 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 9 2005 2 3 2 1 0 1 0 9 2006 1 2 2 2 1 1 0 9 2 0 0 7 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 9即:什么时态?主被动?单复数?谓语/非谓语?Eg. 1.With the coming of spring , trees turn green ,and flowers grew in many colours 2.When I was young ,suppertime is always being interrupted. 3. The bike outside my house is belonged to Tom . 4. Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong. 5. Thank you for helping me becoming a different person 6. I will visit the writer who have published 10 books.即:可数不可数?单数还是复数?(可数名词单 数不单独出现。)1. I worked hard. So I got good marks in all my subject.2. I have no ideas what he will do.3. Your knowledges of England can help us.4. On the way I was busy taking picture because the scenery was beautiful.多: 不需冠词时(固定搭配,或泛指可数名词复数及不可数名 词)少:改用时没用错:the, a, an 混淆(定冠变不定冠,注意…)Eg.1. A Frenchman and a American decided to cross the sea in the balloon in 1784 . 2. When a child is five, his parents will send him to the school .3. After a hour, he came back. 即:形容词和副词的混用,厡级、比较级、最高 级的转换。 Eg.1. I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. 2. Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family. 3. They came back lately .4. The two men threw all their equipment into the water to make the balloon light.五、 代词格,细领悟:代词指代错误,多余,缺少或不一致 1. 人称代词,物主代词的使用. 2.反身代词oneself 的使用. 3.人称代词的主格和宾格. 4.不定代词的使用. 5.Both, all, either, neither, none的使用. 6.  Whose 和who’s, its和 it’s的区别.      I was only about six when he held his  hand out to me. I took it in me and we  walked. mine2007全国II:    While the others are jumping about in the air,  I can run under my legs and get the ball.2007陕西: their   Just at that time I woke up and found me still  in bed! myself 2006辽宁卷:    She always made sure that our homework  was finished on time, and she marked strictly  on student’s actual performance. students’/our1. I just smiled to me and thought , “What can I do ?”2. the men threw away most of his clothes to save themselves. 3. I showed them the photo you sent it to me. 4. I think important to master English. 六、习惯用法要记住        主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识,其错误表现形式主要有三种:多词、少词和搭配错误。 catch a sight of lose my heart in h∨ urry a in Sunday afternoon on such many people so 七、句子成分多分析 不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语境要选择不同的词语。只有对句子结构和成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。 They eager to know everything about China. I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. 八、逻辑错误须关注关联词和平行结构的误用1.I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light.2.He and she should make the class very active by joking with the students .3. 30 percent of girls would like to become teachers when only 5 percent of boys want to do this job. 注意: “虽然,但是” “因为,所以” 英语中不同时出现. 一般直接加ly, 如: quickly, slowly, loudly,特 殊规则:1.以le, ble或ue结尾时(e不发音),去e加ly. true—truly , gentle– gently , whole-whollypossible—possibly, terrible—terribly 比较: politely, widely, nicely2.辅音字母加y,变y为i 加ly. happy—happily, angry—angrily, lucky—luckily, heavy—heavily, noisy—noisily3. 以-l结尾加-ly,以-ll结尾只加-y. usual—usually, careful—carefully, Useful—usefully , full—fully,4.. 以c结尾时,加ally. Energetic-energetically5. 形容词副词同形Fast, hard, late, early6. 有些形容词以ly结尾 friendly,lovely,lively,likely,lonely,uglyDeadly, sillyDaily,Yearly, monthly, weekly 1.单音节直接加 er/ est: great,wide.2. 双音节或多音节借助more/ most/less/leastBeautiful, difficult, intelligent3.少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble结尾的双音节形容词在词 尾加 -er 和 -est : Clever4. 辅音字母加y , 变y 为i加er/est happier, happiest1.直接加s: books, desks2.以sh, ch, s, x结尾,加-es boxes, matches,3. 辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i加-es cities, countries比较:boys,toys, days4.f/ fe 结尾,变f/fe 为-ves. knife-knives , half-halves(一半)(thief ,wife ,life ,shelf ,knife ,leaf ,self ,half ,wolf)有少数词后直接加s,如roof-roofs (屋顶)5.以O结尾加-es 的词: Negroes, heroes, potatoes, tomatoes其他多加S :Photos, zoos, pianos有的都可以: zeroes/zeros, volcanos/volcanoes6. 元音字母发变化 man—men woman—women tooth— teeth , foot—feet mouse--mice7.词尾发生变化。chil
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