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疑问代词和关系代词

'疑问代词和关系代词'
疑问代词和关系代词1. 疑问代词的用法(1) who[1] who的意思是“谁”,是主格,通常作主语。如:Who is that woman? 那个妇女是谁?Who are those people? 那些人是谁?[2] who在口语中可代替whom作宾语。如:Who did you ask about it? 关于那件事你问过谁了?(2) whomwhom 的意思是“谁”,是宾格,在句中作宾语,常用于书面语中。如:whom do you want to see? 你想见谁?Whom do you talk about? 你们在谈论谁?(whom作介词about的宾语)(3) whose[1] whose的意思是“谁的”,属格,具有名词和形容词的性质。如:Whose book is this? 这是谁的书?(形容词性)Whose is this book? 这书是谁的?(名词性)[2] whose可在句中作如下成分。作主语。如:Whose is better? 谁的更好?作表语。如:Whose are these pencils? 这些铅笔是谁的?作宾语。如:Whose are you going to borrow? 你打算借谁的?作定语。如:Whose umbrella is this? 这是谁的伞?(4) what[1] what的意思是“什么”,具有名词和形容词的性质。如:What are you doing? 你在做什么?(名词性)What sport do you like best? 你最喜欢的运动是什么?(形容词性)[2] what可在句中作如下成分。作主语。如:what's happening? 发生了什么事?作表语。如:What is your mother? 你母亲是干什么工作的?作宾语。如:What do you mean? 你是什么意思?What did you talk to him about? 你和他说了什么?(介词宾语)作定语。如:What color do you like? 你喜欢什么颜色?(5) whichwhich的意思是“哪个”,which在句中可作主语、表语、宾语、定语等成分。作主语。如:This is my bag. Which is yours? 这是我的书包,哪个是你的?作表语。如:Which is your favorite subject? 你最喜欢哪个科目?I can't tell which is which because they are so alike. 我分辨不出谁是谁,因为他们太像了。作宾语。如:Which do you like best? 你最喜欢哪一个?作定语。如:Which glasses do you want? 你想要哪些杯子?Which platform does the London train leave? 去伦敦的火车从哪个站台开出?(6) who, what 和which 后可加ever来加强语气Whatever are you thinking about? 你到底在想些什么?Whoever are you looking for? 你到底在找谁?Whichever do you prefer? 你究竟要哪个?2. 关系代词who,whom,whose,that,which的用法(1) 关系代词who,whom,whose,that,which的用法  英语中的关系代词有who,whom,whose,that,which,它们是用来引导定语从句的。关系代词既代表定语从句所修饰的词,又在其所引导的从句中承担一个成分, 如主语、宾语、表语或定语。如:This is the man who saved your son.这就是救了你儿子的那个人。(who在从句中作主语,先行词是man)The man whom I met yesterday is Jim.我昨天见到的那个人是吉姆。(whom在从句中作宾语,它的先行词是man)A child whose parents are dead is an orphan.失去父母的孩子是孤儿。(whose在从句中作定语,它的先行词是child)He wants a room whose window looks out over the sea.他想要个窗户面临大海的房间。(whose在从句中作定语,它的先行词是room)[1] who,whom和whose  who和whom代表人,在从句中作主语时用who,作宾语时用whom,可省略。但若whom作介词宾语且介词放在其前时,不能省略;如介词位于句末时,可以省略。whose代表某人的,在从句中作定语。如:The man who insists upon seeing with perfect clearness before he decides, never decides.坚持看清楚一切后才做决定的人永远也做不了决定。(who作主语)He is a man whom everybody respects.他是一个人人都尊敬的人。(whom作宾语,可以省略)He is a man fromwhom we all should learn.他是我们大家都应该学习的人。 (whom作介词宾语且介词位于其前,不能省略)(此句也可以是:He is a man (whom) we should all learn from.)The people whose houses were damaged will be compensated.房子被损坏了的人将给予补偿。Who, whom和whose可用于非限制性定语从句中,代表某人或某人的,此时不能用that。如:My sister, who is a nurse, came home for a few days.我姐姐回家住了几天,她是个护士。[2] which  which代表物,在从句中可作主语或宾语,作宾语时可以省略,但作介词宾语且介词位于其前时不能省略。如:The book which helps you most are those which make you think most.最能使你获益的书是那些最能让你深思的书。(作主语)This is a factor which we must not neglect.这是一个我们绝不能忽略的因素。(作宾语,可省略)Where is the book from which you quoted this sentence?你引用这句话的那本书在哪儿?(作介词宾语且介词位于其前时,不能省略)  which可用于非限制性定语从句中,代表物。如:The book, which I bought secon
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疑问 代词 关系
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