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华东理工大学过程装备与系统 (双语)

'华东理工大学过程装备与系统 (双语)'
Chapter 1 Introduction to Process EquipmentKey TermsAxial bearings轴向轴承: devices designed to prevent back-and-forth movement of a shaft; also called thrust bearings.Boiler锅炉: a type of fired furnace used to boil water and produce steam; also known as a steam generator.Compressors压缩机: mechanical devices designed to accelerate or compress gases; classified as positive displacement or dynamic.Coupling联轴器: a device that attaches the drive shaft of a motor or steam turbine to a pump, compressor, or generator.Driver: a device designed to provide rotational energy to driven equipment.Heat exchanger换热器: an energy-transfer device designed to transfer energy in form of heat from a hotter fluid to a cooler fluid without physical contact between the two fluids.Pumps泵: devices designed to move liquids from one place to another; classified as positive displacement or dynamic.Reactor反应器: a device used to combine raw materials, heat, pressure, and catalysts in the right proportions to form chemical bonds that create new products.Steam turbine蒸汽轮机: an energy-conversion device that converts steam energy(kinetic energy) to useful mechanical energy; used as drivers to turn pumps, compressors, and electric generators.Valve阀: a device used to stop, start, restrict(throttle), or direct the flow of fluids.Questions:1. Identify the purpose of a steam turbineThe purpose of a steam turbine is to converts kinetic energy to useful mechanical energy in order to drive pumps, compressors, and electric generators. (P9)2. Describe the importance of equipment lubrication.Lubrication protects the moving parts of equipment, helps remove heat generated and provides a fluid barrier between the metals parts to reduce friction, thus ensuring the good operation of process equipment. (P10)3. Explain the purpose of bearings and seals.Bearings prevent up-and-down and side-to-side or back-and-forth movement of a rotating shaft.Seals prevent leakage between internal compartments in a rotating piece of equipment. (P10)Rotary equipment uses seals and bearings to maintain operation integrity. (P20)4. What is the difference between rotary and stationary equipment?Rotary equipment is characterized by a circular movement and is composed of a driver, a connector, and the driven equipment. (P4)However, stationary equipment is static. (自己编的)5. How is power transmission in rotary equipment classified?Power transmission in rotary equipment is classified as speed-to-torque conversion or torque-to-speed conversion. (P6)Chapter 2 ValvesKey TermsCheck valves止回阀: mechanical valves that prevent reverse flow in piping.Control valves: automated valves used to regulate and throttle flow; typically provide the final control element of a control loop.Disc阀瓣: a device made of metal or ceramic that fits snugly in the seat of a valve to control flow.Gate valve闸阀: a device that places a movable metal gate in the path of a process flow.Globe valve止通阀: a
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华东理工大学过程装备与系统(双语)
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