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What Is Life with Mind and Matter

'What Is Life with Mind and Matter'
title: What Is Life? : The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell ; With, Mind and Matter ; discontinuity of mutations Stability of naturally selected genes The sometimes lower stability of mutants Temperature influences unstable genes less than stable ones How X-rays produce mutation Their efficiency does not depend on spontaneous mutability Reversible mutations 6 Order, Disorder and Entropy 67 A remarkable general conclusion from the model Order based on order Living matter evades the decay to equilibrium It feeds on 'negative entropy' What is entropy? The statistical meaning of entropy Organization maintained by extracting 'order' from the environment 7 Is Life Based on the Laws of Physics? 76 New laws to be expected in the organism Reviewing the biological situation Summarizing the physical situation The striking contrast Two ways of producing orderliness The new principle is not alien to physics The motion of a clock Clockwork after all statistical Nernst's Theorem The pendulum clock is virtually at zero temperature The relation between clockwork and organism Epilogue. On Determinism and Free Will86 Mind and Matter 1 The Physical Basis of Consciousness 93 The problem A tentative answer Ethics 2 The Future of Understanding 103 A biological blind alley? The apparent gloom of Darwinism Behaviour influences selection Feigned Lamarckism Genetic fixation of habits and skills Dangers to intellectual evolution 3 The Principle of Objectivation 117 4 The Arithmetical Paradox: The Oneness of Mind 128 5 Science and Religion 140 6 The Mystery of the Sensual Qualities 153 Autobiographical Sketches Translated by Schrödinger's granddaughter Verena 165 FOREWORD When I was a young mathematics student in the early 1950s I did not read a great deal, but what I did read at least if I completed the book was usually by Erwin Schrödinger. I always found his writing to be compelling, and there was an excitement of discovery, with the prospect of gaining some genuinely new understanding about this mysterious world in which we live. None of his writings possesses more of this quality than his short classic What is Life? which, as I now realize, must surely rank among the most influential of scientific writings in this century. It represents a powerful attempt to comprehend some of the genuine mysteries of life, made by a physicist whose own deep insights had done so much to change the way in which we understand what the world is made of. The book's cross-disciplinary sweep was unusual for its time yet it is written with an endearing, if perhaps disarming, modesty, at a level that makes it accessible to non-specialists and to the young who might aspire to be scientists. Indeed, many scientists who have made fundamental contributions in biology, such as J. B. S. Haldane and Francis Crick, have admitted to being strongly influenced by (although not always in complete agreement with) the broad-ranging ideas put forward here by this highly original and profoundly thoughtful p
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