精编精校版---人教版英语新教材必修一词汇表Unit 4含教材例句及词汇用法讲解

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'精编精校版---人教版英语新教材必修一词汇表Unit 4含教材例句及词汇用法讲解'
高一英语新教材必修一词汇表2019人教版Unit 4 Natural Disasters1.disaster / d??zɑ:st?(r) / n.灾难;灾害 natural disasters 自然灾害 (P47)an air disaster 空难It was the second air disaster in less than two months. 这是不到两个月内的第二次空难了。Thousands of people died in the disaster. 数千人在这场灾难中丧生。2. tornado /t?:?ne?d?? / n.(pl. -oes or -os) 龙卷风;旋风The tornado killed dozens of lives. 那场龙卷风夺去了几十条人命.3.drought / dra?t / n.旱灾;久旱The ground is as hard as stone after the drought. 长期干旱后土地硬得就像石头一样。4.landslide / ?lændsla?d / n. ( landfall) ( 山地或悬崖的)崩塌;滑坡 The village was destroyed by a landslide. 滑坡摧毀了村庄。The heavy rain caused the landslide. 大雨引起山体滑坡。5.slide / sla?d / vi. & vt. (slid, slid ) (使 )滑行;滑动We slid on the ice. 我们在冰上滑行。The door slid open. 门慢慢开了。She slid the door open  她滑开了门。slide into(使)滑入; 溜进The thief slid into the room. 小偷悄悄溜进房间。6. tsunami / tsu:?nɑ:mi / 海啸 Large earthquakes can cause powerful tsunamis. 大地震可以引起强烈的海啸。7.flood / fl?d / n. 洪水;大量The heavy rain has caused floods in many parts of the country. 大雨使全国许多地方泛滥成灾。More than 70 people were killed in the floods.  70多人因洪灾丧生。The river is in flood. 河水泛滥。a flood of 大量的He received a flood of thank-you letters.  他收到大量感谢信件。vi.淹没;大量涌入 Water flooded in through the back door. 水从后门涌进来。Telephone calls flooded in from all over the country. 全国各地的电话像潮水般打来。vt使灌满水;淹没 The heavy rain flood the village. 大雨淹没了这个村庄。The afternoon light flooded the little rooms  午后的阳光洒满一间间小屋。8.volcanic eruption / v?l?kæn?k ??r?p??n / 火山喷发Volcanic eruption is the most terrible natural disasters on earth. 火山喷发是地球上最可怕的自然灾害之一。9. magnitude / ?mægn?tju:d / n. (地)震级;重大The Wenchuan earthquake had a magnitude of 8.0. 汶川地震的震级为8.0级。We did not realize the magnitude of the problem. 我们没有意识到这个问题的重要性。 10. rescue / ?reskju: / n.& vt. 营救;救援What are the rescue workers and soldiers doing in the flood-hit area? 在受灾地区,救援人员和士兵在做什么?(P48)rescue workers/boats/helicopters/ camps救援人员 / 船只 / 直升机 /营Internet rescue camps in South Korea and China try to save kids addicted to the screen.韩国和中国的网络救援营试图拯救沉溺于手机的小孩。Ten fishermen were saved in a sea rescue. 在一次海上营救行动中,十名渔民获救。They were rescued by helicopter. 他们被直升机救走了。rescue sb./ sth. from… 从……中营救某人/某物Firefighters rescued a child from a burning building 消防队员从着火的大楼里救出了一个孩子。【拓展】rescuer /'reskju:?(r)/ n. 救援者;救助者Many people burst into tears when a rescuer carried a girl out of the ruins. 当一名救援者从废墟里抱出一个女孩时,在场的许多人不禁潸然泪下。11. damage / ?dæm?d? / vt. 损害;破坏 Which buildings were damaged in Seoul ? 首尔哪些建筑物受损?(P48)The fire badly damaged the town hall. 火灾使市政厅遭到严重破坏。Smoking seriously damages your health. 吸烟严重损害健康。n.损坏;损失 cause damage to sb/sth 对……引起损害The earthquake caused serious damage to the house. 地震给这所房子造成了严重的损坏。do damage to sb/sth 对……造成损害The storm didn't do much damage to crops. 暴风雨并未对庄稼造成严重损失。12.destroy/d?'str??/ vt. 摧毁 ;毁灭 Nearly everything in the city was destroyed.  城里几乎所有的东西都被毁了。(P49)They've destroyed all the evidence. 他们销
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