六、高中语法分类 数词与主谓一致1

(29页)

'六、高中语法分类 数词与主谓一致1'
六、数词与主谓一致熟读深思熟读下列句子,体会其中数词的用法及运用主谓一致的三个原则。1.Several million people in the world are sending information by e-mail every day. 世界上每天有好几百万的人在发电子邮件。2.Thousands of fans are waiting for the singer. 成千上万的歌迷在等待着这位歌手。3.Three dozen of them are League members. 他们中有三十六人是团员。4.Three score of people are girls. 有六十个是女孩。5.Our classroom is three times the size of theirs. 我们的教室是他们的三倍大。6.Tom has four times more money than I have. 汤姆的钱比我的多四倍。7.The line is longer than that one by twice. 这条线比那条线长两倍。8.Her mathematics is weak. 她数学差。9.This pair of glasses is very expensive. 这副眼镜很贵。10.The number of people invited was fifty, but a number of them were absent for different reasons. 被邀请的人数是50,但是很多人由于各种原因 缺席了。11.Mr.Green together with his children goes to the park every Sunday. 格林先生和他的孩子们每个周日都去公园。12.When and where to go for the on-salary holiday has not been decided yet. 何时何地休这个带薪假还没有决定下来。13.Either of the two stories is interesting. 这两个故事都很有趣。14.When he came back,nothing was the same as before. 他回来时,一切都和以前不一样了。15.Ten pounds was missing from the till. 钱柜里的钱丢了10英镑。16.The disabled are well taken care of in this country. 在这个国家残疾人受到很好的照顾。17.Either you or the headmaster is to hand out the prizes to those gifted students at the meeting. 在会议上要么你要么校长给那些有天分的学生 颁奖。18.There is a computer and some books on the table. 桌子上有一台电脑和一些书。归纳总结1.数量的确指和概指 (1)基数词hundred,thousand,million等表示 确切数目时,词尾一般不加“-s”,其前可用 several,some,many等修饰。 (2)当表示概指时,其词尾要加“-s”,与of 连用,其前不能用数词修饰。 (3)dozen与数词或many,several等连用时,不 用加“-s”,所修饰的名词前常省略of。如果 所修饰的名词前有these,those,them,us等词 时,其后必须加of。 (4)score前面有具体数字时,一般不用复数形 式,其后常与of短语连用。2.倍数的四种表达方式: (1)主语+谓语+倍数+as+形容词或副词原级 +as+比较对象 (2)主语+谓语+倍数+the+度量名词+of+比较 对象 (3)主语+谓语+倍数+形容词或副词的比较级 +than+比较对象 (4)主语+谓语+形容词或副词的比较级+than+ 比较对象+by+倍数3.主谓一致的语法一致原则 (1)以-s结尾的国名、地名或学科名作主 语时,形式上是复数,但是谓语动词用单数。 (2)主语是“a series of,a kind of,a piece of,a pair of等+名词”结构时,谓语动词用 单数。 (3)“a number of+名词复数”作主语,谓语 动词用复数;“the number of+名词复数”作 主语,谓语动词用单数。 (4)主语后有with,together with,along with,except,besides,as well as等短语时, 谓语动词的数要和这些短语前面的名词的单复 数保持一致。(5)表示单一概念的动名词、不定式或从句 作主语时,谓语动词用单数。(6)“one/either/neither/each of+复数名词 或代词”作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式。(7)something,everything,nothing等作主语 时,谓语动词通常用单数形式。4.主谓一致的意义一致原则 (1)表示时间、金钱、距离、重量、数量的复 数名词作主语,通常看作一个整体,谓语动词 用单数。 (2)“the+形容词/分词”结构指人时,谓语动 词用复数;如果表示抽象的概念,谓语动词用 单数。 (3)主语为family,team,group,government等 集合名词时,如果看作一个整体,谓语动词用 单数;如果侧重其中的个体,谓语动词用复数。 (4)分数、百分数,all,some,the rest,the remaining,part of等作主语时,谓语动词的单 复数根据其指代的含义确定。(5)what引导的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词 的单复数要取决于作表语的名词的单复数。(6)一些单复数形式相同的名词作主语时,要 根据其具体意思决定谓语动词的单复数。(7)such作主语时,谓语动词的单复数形式要 根据其意义而定。5.主谓一致的就近原则 (1)由either...or,neither...nor, not...but,not only...but also等连接的并列 主语,谓语动词的单复数要与最靠近的主语的 单复数保持一致。 (2)在倒装句及there be,here be结构中, 谓语动词往往与最靠近的一个主语保持一致。试题精选1.—How did your students express their thanks to you on Teachers’ Day? —A gift,together with many flowers C sent to me by my students. A.is B.are C.was D.were 解析 题干中句子的主语是A gift,介词短语 together with many flowers在句中用作状语, 故谓语动词应用单数形式,因动作已在过去发生, 故用一般过去时。2.—Mike,what did our monitor say just now? —Every boy and every girl as well as teachers who D to visit the museum asked to be at the school gate before 6∶30 in the morning. A.is;is B.are;are C.is;are D.are;is 解析 分析句子意思及句子结构,该句为who引 导的定语从句,先行词是teachers,主谓要一致, 故排除选项A、C;主句中的主语Every boy and every girl是单数,故该句中谓语动词需用单数, 根据句子意思,选项部分为一般现在时的被动结 构。3.Children under sixteen are not permitted to see such kind of films C bad for their mental development. A.that is B.that are C.as is D.as are 解 析 分 析 句 子 意 思 及 句 子 结 构 , 该 句 为 such...as引导的定语从句,不属于such...that 引导的结果状语从句,故排除选项A、B;在 kind of+名词作主语时,其谓语动词要与kind保持一 致,故该句中谓语动词用单数。4.—What’s your favorite in your spare time,Jack? —Writing stories and articles A what I enjoy most. A.is B.was C.were D.are 解析 分析句子意思可知,该题是“动名词+名 词复数”构成动名词短语作主语。在这一结构 中,谓语动词应由动名词决定,“写小说和文章” 是强调“写作”这一概念,为单数形式,表示现 在的状态。5.—Are the new machines working? —Yes.Three million tons of coal B ex- ploited every year in the city. A.is B.are C.has D.have 解析 句中coal(煤)为不可数名词,被 three million tons of限定,在句中作主语。这时,句 子谓语动词的数应与 of 短语中表示“数量” 的名词“tons”一致,故要选复数形式的谓语动 词。根据句子意思,选项部分为一般现在时的被 动结构,选项 C、D都是主动语态结构。6.I have finished a large part of the novel written by Dickens,the rest of which A very difficult. A.is B.are C.was D.were 解析 根据句子意思可知,句中关系代词which 所指代先行词the novel为一整体概念的名词, 应视为单数,说明代词
关 键 词:
六、高中语法分类数词与主谓一致1
 天天文库所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
关于本文
本文标题:六、高中语法分类 数词与主谓一致1
链接地址: https://www.wenku365.com/p-43445751.html
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服点击这里,给天天文库发消息,QQ:1290478887 - 联系我们

本站为“文档C2C交易模式”,即用户上传的文档直接卖给(下载)用户,本站只是中间服务平台,本站所有文档下载所得的收益归上传人(含作者)所有【成交的100%(原创)】。本站是网络服务平台方,若您的权利被侵害,侵权客服QQ:1290478887 欢迎举报。

1290478887@qq.com 2017-2027 https://www.wenku365.com 网站版权所有

粤ICP备19057495号 

收起
展开