人教版 八年级上册第一单元英语知识点

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'人教版 八年级上册第一单元英语知识点'
人教版 八年级上册英语第一单元知识点和习题Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?词组stay at home待在家里 go on vacation去度假 go to the mountains去爬山 go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 quite a few相当多 go to summer camp去参观夏令营 study for为……而学习 go out出去 most of the time大部分时间 taste good尝起来很好吃 of course当然 have a good time玩得高兴 go shopping去购物feel like给…的感觉;感受到 in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因为 one bowl of… 一碗…… the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶 find out找出;查明 go on继续 take photos照相 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物taste + adj. 尝起来…… look+adj. 看起来……nothing…but+动词原形 除了……之外什么都没有seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来……arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地decide to do sth. 决定去做某事try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记去做某事enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事 start doing sth.开始做某事 stop doing sth. 停止正在做的某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 keep doing sth.继续做某事Why not do. sth.? 为什么不做……呢?so+adj.+that+从句 如此……以至于……tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事词语辨析:1. 他anywhere 在任何地方 , 常用于否定句,疑问句和条件句中。I can’t find it anywhere.somewhere 在某处,到某处,常用于肯定句。 I lost my key somewhere near here.Eg: Are you going __________ tonight? I think you can find your girlfriend __________.2. seem + 形容词 看起来….. You seem happy today.seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事 I seem to have a cold It seems / seemed + 从句 看起来好像…;似乎…. It seems that no one believe you. seem like ….好像,似乎….. It seems like a good idea. 3. decide to do sth.决定做某事 They decide to visit the museum.decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式 He cannot decide when to leave.4. start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,可与begin 互换 。He started doing his homework. 但以下几种情况不能用begin .1) 创办,开办: He started a new bookshop last month.2) 机器开动: I can’t start my car.3) 出发,动身: I will start tomorrow morning.5. over 介词,多于,超过,在…以上(表示数目、程度)= more thanMy father is over 40 years old.在…之上,与物体垂直且不接触,与 under 相反。 There is a map over the blackboard.超过: I hear the news over the radio. 遍及: I want to travel all over the world.6. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数: Mother bought too many eggs yesterday.too much 太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。 We have too much work to do. Don’t talk too much.much too 太,修饰形容词或副词。 The hat is much too big for me. You’re walking much too fast.分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头: much 后接不可数, too 后修饰形或副。too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。7. a few / few / a little / little   a few (少数的,几个,一些)  a little (一点儿,少量) 表示肯定 few (很少的,几乎没有的)  little  (很少的,几乎没有的)表示否定 修饰可数名词 修饰不可数名词 
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人教版八年级上册第一单元英语知识点
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