小学阶段必备的英语语法知识点

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'小学阶段必备的英语语法知识点'
小学阶段必备的英语语法知识点,时态,句型,常用词大全,你需要的都在这儿了,多读几遍,记在脑子里哦!1现在进行时表示正在发生的事情或进行的动作,常与now,listen,look等词连用,结构是主语+be动词(am, is, are)+动词ing.如:It is raining now.外面正在下雨It is six o’clock now.现在6点了My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.我父母正在客厅看报纸Look! The children are having a running race now.看!孩子们正在赛跑问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后+not.2一般现在时表示经常反复发生的事情或动作,常与often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…) on Sundays等词连用。结构是主语+动词原形;当主语为第三人称单数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.如:We have an English lesson every day.我们每天都要上英语课Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.男孩比女孩跑的快吗?是的问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后面动词一定要还原。3一般过去时表示发生在过去的事情或存在的状态,常与just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词连用。结构是主语+be动词的过去式(was; were)或主语+动词的过去式。注意:be动词与动词过去式不可同时使用。如:My earphones were on the ground just now.我的耳机刚刚还在呢。Where were you last week? I was at a camp.你上个星期去哪了?我去野营了What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm你昨天去干嘛了?我去参观农场了。问句有be动词将be动词移前,没有be动词借助于did,后面动词还原;否定句有be动词在后面加not,没有借助于didn't后面动词还原。4一般将来时表示将要打算发生的事情或动作,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening; afternoon;…)today等词连用。结构是主语+be(am, is, are) going to + 动原或主语+will +动原。如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.你明天要去干嘛?我要去野餐。The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.孩子们下个星期将参加运动会。Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.Tom今晚将和父母去看演出。问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.5情态动词can; can’t; should; shouldn’t; must; may后一定加动词原形。如:The girl can’t swim, but she can skate.女孩不会游泳,但是会滑冰Don’t talk in class, you should listen to the teacher carefully.不要再课上说话,你应该认真听老师讲。6祈使句肯定祈使句以动词原形开头;否定祈使句以don’t加动词原形开头。如:Open the box for me ,please.请为我打开盒子。Liu Tao! Please get up earlier tomorrow.刘涛,明天请早点起床!Don’t walk on the grass!不要在草地上走!Helen! Don’t climb the tree,please.海伦!不要爬树。7 go的用法去干嘛用go +动词ing如: go swimming; go fishing;go skating;go camping;go running;go skiing;go rowing…8比较than 前用比较级;as…as之间用原级。如:My mother is two years younger than my father.我妈比我爸年轻两岁。Liu Tao jumps as far as Ben.刘涛跳得和本一样远。9喜欢做某事用like +动词ing或like+ to + 动原。如: Su Yang likes growing flowers.苏阳喜欢种花。The children like to play with lanterns at Spring Festival.孩子们喜欢在春节去玩花灯。10想要做某事用 would like +to+动原或want + to +动原。例:I’d like to visit the History Museum.=I want to visit the History Museum11 some用于肯定句中,在否定句和问句中改为any,但当表示委婉语气时仍用如:Can I have some writing paper? Would you like some orange juice?12代词人称代词主格做主语用一般放在句首或动词前,主格分别是 I you he she it we you they。宾格做宾语用,一般放在动词或介词后如:Open them for me. Let us …, join me等。宾格分别是me you him her it us you them。形容词性物主代词放在名词前,不能单独使用,分别是my your his her its our your their名词性物主代词相当于形物加名词,它只能单独使用后面不好加名词,分别是mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs。13介词介词后要么不加动词,加动词只能加动词ing
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小学 阶段 必备 英语语法 知识点
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