英语五种基本句型课件

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'英语五种基本句型课件'
高中英语五种基本句 型及巩固练习课件2019-10-28 1 英语基本句型-1主系表结构 本结构是由主语+系动词+表语组成,主要用以说明主 语的特征,类属,状态,身份等,系动词有: 1.表示特征和存在状态的 be, seem, feel, appear, look, smell, taste, sound; 2.表示状态延续的 remain, stay, keep, continue, stand; 3.表示状态变化的 become, get, turn, go, run, fall, come, grow; 2019-10-28 2 Our English teacher is thirty years old. The cake tastes delicious. We feel used to living in big cities. The potatoes went bad in the fields. Their boss seems satisfied with the work. Deep water stays still.2019-10-28 3 巩固练习: 1.冬季白天短,夜晚长。In winter, the days are short and the nights are long. 2.十五岁他就成为有名的钢琴家了。 At the age of fifteen, he became a famous pianist. 3.孩子们很少保持安静。 Children seldom keep quiet. 4.她的工作是在幼儿园里照看儿童。2019H-10e-28r job is to look after the children in the 4 nursery. 5.他失业了。 He is out of work. 6.树叶已经变黄了。 The leaves have turned yellow. 7.这个报告听起来很有意思。 The report sounds interesting.2019-10-28 5 英语基本句型-2主谓结构 本结构是由主语加不及物的谓语动词构成, 常用来表示主语的动作。 如:The sun rises. Tom has already left. 主语可有修饰语-定语,谓语可有修饰语-状语。 如: 1. The red sun rises in the east. 2. So they had to travel by air or boat. 3.We got up early so as to catch the first bus. 4. She sat there alone, reading a novel. 5. He came back when we were eating. 6.Weak buildings will fall down in an earthquake, but strong ones may stay up. 2019-10-28 6v 巩固练习:v 1.她昨天回家很晚。 1. She went home very late yesterday evening. v 2.会议将持续两个小时。 The meeting will last two hours.v 3.在过去的十年里,我的家乡已经发生了 巨大。Great changes have taken place in my home town in the past ten years. 2019-10-28 7v 4.1919年,在北京爆发了“五.四”运动。 The May Fourth Movement broke out in Beijing in 1919. v 5.每天八时开始上课。 Classes begin at eight every day. v 6.这个重五公斤。 The box weighs five kilos.2019-10-28 8 7.五年前我住在北京。 I lived in Beijing five years ago.v 8.秋天有些鸟飞到南方去。 In autumn, some birds fly to the south.v 9.我的爷爷早晨起得很早。v My grandfather gets up early in the morning. v 10. 每天下午有许多学生到图书馆来借书。 Every afternoon a lot of students come to the library to borrow books.2019-10-28 9Translate the following sentences:11.会议有可能开两个半小时. The meeting will last two and a half hours.12. 我所就读的学校坐落在那个美丽的湖边. The school where I study lies by the beautiful lake.13.她盼望已久的机会终于到来了. The chance which she wanted to get for a long time came at last.14他把书放在书包里,而书包却找不到了. He put the books in the schoolbag , but the schoolbag disappeared.15. 正在睡觉的婴儿笑了.The sleeping baby smiles.2019-10-28 1016. Barking dogs seldom bite. 爱叫的狗不咬人.17.A willing helper doesn’t wait until he is asked. 乐于助人者总是主动助人.18. 虽然在下大雨, 但火车还是准时到达. The train arrived on time though it rained hard .19. 他通过乞讨为生. He lives by begging .20. 这里有些动物已经灭绝了. Some animals here have died out.21. 可怜的TOM 穿得破破烂烂. 2 0 1T9h-10e-2 8poor Tom dressed poorly. 1122.这个病人不可不吃东西,但要吃不含糖的东西. The sick man must not go without food, but he must have a diet without sugar.23. 我的腿还在疼. My leg still hurts.24. 火已经熄灭了. The fire has gone out.25.最后他们赢了. They won in the end.26. 1937年爆发了抗日战争. The Anti-Japanese broke out in 1937.27.她不再哭了. She didn’t cry any more. 2019-10-28 1228. 他一直走到山边。 He walked as far as the hillside.29.这支笔很好写。 The pen writes smoothly.30. 这些苹果很好卖。 These apples sell well.31. 水果不易保鲜。 Fruits can’t keep well.32. 这种布很易洗。 This kind of cloth washes easily.33. 她高兴地跳起来了。2019-10-28 13 He jumped with joy.34.你做得很好。 You are doing well/fine.35. 表坏了。 The clock doesn’t work now.36. 用石头建成的房子比用木头建的房子更耐用一些。 A house built of stones lasts longer than that built of wood.37. 李教授,很多学生想见你. 是让他们在这里等还是在外面?等? Professor Li , many students want to see you. Shall they wait here or outside?38. 她疼得哭了起来。2019-10-28 14 She cried with pain.39.校长笑着进来了。 The headmaster came in with a laugh/smile.40. 这间房子的窗户朝南。 The window of this house faces south.41. 你是谁没关系. 但你会干什么有关系。 It doesn’t matter who you are , but it matters what you can do.42. 我在这里一直等到10 点钟。 I waited here until 10 o’clock.43. 他急急忙忙地走了。 He left in a hurry.44. 两天后,天放晴了。2019-10-28 15 Two days later , it cleared up in the end.45.汽车的价格会下降的. The price of the car will go down/fall.46. 这本杂志什么时候会出版? When will the magazine come out ?47. 这个工程什么时候开工? When will the project st
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