拼读规则(总结)

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'拼读规则(总结)'
拼读规则(总结)? 英语单词是由字母组成的,字母构成音节。一般来讲有一 个元音就是一个音节。含一个元音的词叫作单音节词,含 两个或两个以上元音的单词叫作双音节或多音节词。单音 节词都是重读音节,双音节和多音节词中一般有一个重读 音节,其他的是弱读音节。 (1)开音节:开音节又分为绝对开音节和相对开音节。由 一个元音字母结尾的音节为绝对开音节。例如:no,I, me,my,be等。? 以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母(r除外)再加一个不发 音的字母e结尾的音节为相对开音节。例如:name,late, grade,game,rose等。开音节中的元音字母一般都发 字母表中的音。 (2)闭音节:闭音节是以一个元音字母加一个或几个辅音 字母结尾的音节。例如:not,thank,ten,am,six等。 ? 相对开音节? 重读音节 开音节 绝对开音节? 闭音节? 音节? 非重读音节? / n /? 成音节=辅音+ / l /? / m /? Eg. People listen little lesson 元音字母的读音? Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu开音节 [ei] [i:] [ai] [ou] [ju:]例词 Jane Chinese bike close excuse me fly go duty 闭音节 [æ] [e] [i] [O] [V ] 例词 black let drink sock jump ? 另:? 在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后 面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super? to[u:] do[u:] movie ? 元音字母在非重读音节中的读音 ? a [E] China another woman breakfast? [i] orange comrade village cabbage? e [E] hundred student open weekend? [i] chicken pocket begin children? i [E]/[i] holiday beautiful family animal? [ai] exercise satellite? o [E] second tonight somebody welcome [Eu] also zero photo? u [E] autumn diffcult? [ju(:)] popular congratulation January-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 ? 1.? ar [α:] car farm dark sharpener? 在[w]音后面? [O:] warm quarter towards? 2.? or [O:] forty morning short? 在[w]音后面? [E:] word worker worse? ? 3.? er [E:] certainly ? 4.? ir [E:] bird girl shirt? 5? ur [E:] Thursday nurse? 即: ar er ir or ur ? [α:] [E:] [E:] [O:] [E:] ? [O:] [E:] ? -r音节在非重读音节中通常读[E]音,例如: dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 ? are [CE ] care dare hare? ere [iE ] here mere? ? ire [aiE ] fire hire wire ? ? ore [O :] more score before? ure [juE ] pure cure? ? are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中, ure在非重读音节中读[E ]音,例如: picture pleasure 元音字组在重读音节中的读音 ? ai/ay [ei] afraid rain wait day play? ? air [eE ] air hair chair pair repair ? al? [O: ] small ball talk wall all? [O:l] always also salt almost al在f m前 [α:] half calm? au/aw? [O :] autumn daughter drawea [i:] teach easy cheap please [e] heavy bread sweater weatherear [iE ] hear dear near clear year [eE ] bear pear wear swear? [E :] earth learn early? ? ee ? [i:] jeep week green three? ? eer ? [iE ] pioneer deer beer? ei/ey? [ei] eight neighbour they? a在[w]音后面? [O]? want what watch wash quality? a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前? [α:]? after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father? i在-nd -ld和gh前 [ai]? find child light high? o在-st -ld前 [ou]? most postcard old cold? o在m n v th前? [V]? come monkey love motherie/ei [i:] piece field receiveei/ey? [ei] eight neighbour they? [i:] either keyoa [ou] coat Joan boat goaloar/oor? [O:]? roar board door flooroi/oy [O i] noise point boy toilet? oo [u:] broom food tooth school? [u] book look cook foot good? ou/ow? [au] flower house count down? [ou] know row throw though? [V] young country enough? [u:] group you soup? our [O:] course your four? [auE ] our hour ours? [E:] journey? Ui 在j l r s后 [ju:i] fluid suicide tuition? [u:] juice fruit suit 非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读 音 ? ai/ay ei/ey [i] Sunday foreign monkey? ow [ou] yellow sparrow tomorrow? -sion –tion [Sn] impression nation ? -sion在元音字母后 [Zn]? vision decision occasion ? -tion在s后 [tSn] question suggestion ? -sten [sn] listen? -stle [sl] whistle? -sure [ZE] pleasure measure? -ture [tSE] picture culture 辅字组的读音 ? Ch [tS] much chick rich teacher? [k] school headache chemistry? [S] machine Chicago? -dge? [dZ] bridge fridge? gh [f] cough enough? [/] light daughter high? gu- -gue [g] guess league dialogue guitar? [ w] language anguish ? h [h] hot head house hand? [/] hour honest? kn- [n] knife know knock-mn [m] autumn column solemn ? n [n] not shine ten note ? n在[k] [g]音前 [N ] uncle thank hungry? -ng [N ] morning young wrong? ph [f] elephant photo telephone? qu- [kw] quality quite ? sc- [sk] scarlet? [s]
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