2019届高考一轮英语人教版分块专练题:必修5 Unit 5 Word版含解析

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'2019届高考一轮英语人教版分块专练题:必修5 Unit 5 Word版含解析'
必修5 Unit 5 高考试卷分块专练Ⅰ.阅读理解AMost buildings are built to stand up straight, but these look as if they might fall over!The church tower of SuurhusenBuilt in 1450, the 27­metre­high church tower lies in Suurhusen, Germany. It was built in wet land on foundations of oak tree trunks (树干). When the land was drained (排水) later, the wood broke down, causing one side of the tower to be a little lower than the other. In 1975, the tower became a real hazard and people were not allowed to enter until the foundations were made strong again. The lean (倾斜) of the tower is now about five degrees.The Leaning Tower of PisaThe work of building the tower began in 1173, and was finally completed in 1372. In fact, it began to lean after just a couple of floors were built. And this condition continued in the centuries after its completion. The tower was finally closed to the public in 1990 after people failed to stabilize (使稳固) its foundations. In 2001, it was reopened after engineers removed soil from underneath its raised side. Now it leans just an angle of 3.97 degrees.Capital Gate of Abu DhabiCompleted in 2011, the Capital Gate tower in Abu Dhabi was designed to lean eighteen degrees. The building stands next to the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre and contains, among other things, a fine hotel with wonderful views of the harbour. Also known as the leaning tower of Abu Dhabi, the tower is one of the tallest buildings in the city.Big Ben of LondonThe building leans 0.26 degrees to the northwest. This was mainly caused by the engineering projects (项目) that have been carried out in the ground below it since the late 1800s. The tower, which has been continuously open since it was completed in 1858, has nowhere near the lean of the Tower of Pisa and is still completely safe to enter.语篇解读:本文是一篇应用文.文章主要介绍了四座闻名世界的斜塔.1、The underlined word “hazard” in Paragraph 2 probably means “________”、A、danger         B、churchC、castle D、treasure解析:选A 词义猜测题.由该词后的“people were not allowed to enter until the foundations were made strong again”可知,塔由于倾斜变得危险了,所以不允许人们进去了,故选A项.2、What can we learn about the Leaning Tower of Pisa?A、It didn't lean until ten years after its completion.B、It took almost two hundred years to complete.C、It was built on foundations of oak tree trunks.D、It has been open since it was completed.解析:选B 细节理解题.由第三段中的“The work of building the tower began in 1173, and was finally completed in 1372.”可知,建成比萨斜塔用了将近200年的时间,故选B项.3、Which of the following towers leans the most according to the text?A、The church tower of Suurhusen.B、The Leaning Tower of Pisa.C、Capital Gate of Abu Dhabi.D、Big Ben of London.解析:选C 细节理解题.由第二段中的“five degrees”,第三段中的“3.97 degrees”,第四段中的“eighteen degrees”和最后一段中的“0.26 degrees”可知,C项为正确答案.BFirst aid is emergency care for a victim of sudden illness or injury until more skillful medical treatment is available. It may save a life. In many emergencies, first aid may prevent a victim's condition from tu
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