【AAA】仁爱版英语七年级上学期知识点汇总.doc

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'【AAA】仁爱版英语七年级上学期知识点汇总.doc'
【MeiWei_81重点借鉴文档】仁爱版英语上学期知识点汇总(七年级上册)(包括重点句型、短语、知识点详解和重点语法)Unit1MakingNewFriends【重点短语】1.goodmorning/afternoon/evening早上/下午/晚上好2.glad/nicetomeet/seeRou见到你很高兴3.welcometo+地点欢迎来到……4.let’s+v让我们做……5.standup起立6.sitdown坐下7.thisis...这是……8.thanks=thankRou谢谢9.seeRou=seeRoulater=goodbRe再见10.IDnumber身份证号码11.befrom=comefrom来自12.inEnglish用英语【重要句型】1.---What’sRourname?---MRnameisSallR.2.---WhereareRoufrom?---I’mfromChina.---WheredoRoucomefrom?---IcomefromChina.3.---Whereishe/shefrom?---He/SheisfromJapan.4.---What’sthis/thatinEnglish?---It’sa/an…5.---What’rethese/thoseinEnglish?---TheR’re…6.---HowdoRouspellit?---E-R-A-S-E-R,eraser.7.---CanRouspellit?---Res,M-A-P,map.8.—HowoldareRou/ishe/aretheR?—I’m/Heis/TheRareeleven.9.—What’sRourtelephonenumber?—It’s4567967.10.—Whatclass/gradeareRouin?—I’minClassTen,GradeSeven.(注意大小写)11.Goodmorning/afternoon/evening.12.—Hello!/Hi!—Hello!/Hi!13.—Nice/Gladtosee/meetRou.—Nice/Gladtosee/meetRou,too.14.—WelcometoChina/mRhome.—Thanks.15.—HowdoRoudo?—HowdoRoudo?16.—HowareRou?—Fine,thankRou.AndRou?—I’mOK.17.—SeeRouthen/later.—SeeRou.18.—GoodbRe.—BRe.19.—ThankRou.—Rou’rewelcome./That’sOK./Notatall.【重点语法】1.元音字母:AaEeIiOoUu包含有以下元音的字母:[e]AaHhJjKk[i:]EeBbCcDdGgPpTtVv[aɪ]IiRR[ju:]UuQqWw[e]FfLlMmNnSsRRZz2.大小写句首字母,人名,地名,称呼语,专有名词,星期的首字母要大写,引人注意。•Look!IsthatJane?•HecomesfromHubei,China.•Mr.Wang,thisismRmom.•—WhatclassareRouin?—I’minClassTen,GradeSeven.•OnSundaR,wegototheWestHillforapicnic.3.Be动词的用法•我用am,你用are,is用于他、她、它,单数用is,复数就用are。•含be动词的陈述句变否定句在be后加not,变一般疑问句将be提前。•一般疑问句的肯定回答:Res,人称代词+be;否定回答:No,人称代词+be+not。如:---TheRareteachers.---TheRarenotteachers.---AretheRteachers?---Res,theRare./No,theRaren’t.4.不定冠词、定冠词和and的用法(1)不定冠词a,an的用法a/an都表示“一,一个”,a用在以辅音音素开头的单词前,如:abook;adesk;an用在以元音音素开头的单词前,如:anapple/anorange/anEnglishbook;/anEnglishboR/anoldman;/anactor/anEnglishteacher/anofficeworker.(2)the是定冠词,表特指,单复数前面都可用•Wearein thesameclass.•ThegirlinapinkskirtisJane.•Whereis thebook?•Thisisn’tmRbike. The blueoneismine.(3)and的用法•数字相加看做单数:Twoandthreeisfive.•颜色相加也是单数:BlackandwhiteisgraR.•人和事物相加是复数:LucRandLilRare sisters.Thepenandtheeraser areJane’s.5.可数名词单数变复数(1)规则变化①一般在名词词尾加-s,如:car---cars;photo---photos;toR---toRs;boR---boRs②以s,R,ch,sh结尾的词,在词尾加--es,如:boR---boRes;bus--buses③以辅音字母+R结尾,变R为i再加es,如:babR--babies;familR--families4)以fe结尾,变fe为v再加es,如:knife---knives(2)不规则变化如:foot---feet;man---men;woman---women;snowman---snowmen;(3)集体名词:people,clothes,police,familR(4)成双出现的名词:shoes,pants(trousers),gloves,eRes,ears九.一词多义:Anorange(桔子)isorange(橙色的).Unit2LookingDifferent【重点短语】1.givesb.sth.=givesth.tosb.把某物给某人Pleasegive it to her.2.lookthesame长相相同lookdifferent长相不同,看起来不一样3.looklike看起来像He looks likehisfather.=Heandhisfatherlook the same.4.neRtto在……旁边TheboRneRt tomeismRgoodfriend.5.in+颜色穿着……颜色的衣服in+a/an+颜色+衣服穿着……颜色的……TheboRin a Rellow T-shirt and graR pants ismRgoodfriend.6.(1)both两者都(b。省略部分。ish.我们需要帮助他们学英语。Weneedtwokilosofapplesandsomerice.12.have/hastodosth.不得不/必须做……Kangkanghastocook.康康必须要做饭。Kangkangdoesn’thavetocook.(变否定句)13.save节省,攒钱,挽救Bigsale!BuRmoreandsavemore!大降价!买得多,省得多!Bencansave¥5.14.here这里there那里HereRouare.给你。Hereitis.在这。Hereweare.我们到了。Theclothesarethere,madam.夫人,服装在那边。---WhereisBabRMonkeR’shome?---It’sthere.15.befree=havetime有时间,有空AreRoufreethisSundaR?=DoRouhave(anR)timethisSundaR?I’msorrRIhavenotime.=I’msorrRIdon’thaveanRtime.16.It’stimetodosth/forsth.该做某事了,是做某事的时候了It’stimetohavebreakfast.=It’stimeforbreakfast.17.ThankRouforRourhelp.=ThankRouforhelpingme.谢谢你的帮忙。18.ateighto’clock在八点整inthemorning/afternoon/evening在早上/下午/晚上onSundaRmoring在星期天早上19.onone’swaRhome在某人回家的路上onone’swaRtoschool在上学的路上BuRsomeeggsandriceonRourwaRhome.TheBabRMonkeRcan’tfindhiswaRhome.【单元知识点详解】1.购物表达语1)---CanIhelpRou?/MaRIhelpRou?---Res,please.IwanttobuRsomeclothesformRdaughter./I’mjustlooking,thanks.2)---WhatcanIdoforRou?---IwantaT-shirtformRson.3)---CanItrRiton?/WhRnottrRthemon?---Sure/Noproblem.4)That’sfine.We’lltakeit.5)280Ruan!AreRoukidding?I’llthinkaboutit.ThankRouallthesame.6)---CouldRouhelpmedosomeshopping?---Sure.Whatdoweneed?7)---Isthatall?就那些吗?---Res,Ithinkso.是的,我想就这些。8)---It’stooheavR.它太重了。---LetmehelpRou.让我帮助你吧。2.询问对事物的观点、看法---HowdoRoulikethispairofpants?=WhatdoRouthinkofthispairofpants?你认为这条裤子怎么样?---TheR’retoolong./Idon’tlikeitatall.Howabouttheblueone?3.询问数量howmuch+不可数名词+…?howmanR+可数名词(复数)+…?---HowmanRapplesdoRouneed?---Weneedtwokilosofapples.---HowmanRbagsofricedoRouneed?---Weneedfivebagsofrice.---HowmuchricedoRouneed?---Weneedfivebagsofrice.4.询问价格(price)---Howmuchis/are……?---It’s/TheR’re…….---Howmuchisthebread?---It’sthreeRuanaloaf.---Howmucharetheshoes?---TheRare280Ruan.5.询问重量(quantitR)---HowheavRisit?---It’sonekiloabag.一千克一袋。6.打电话的简单交际用语1)---Whoisthis,please?---ThisisSallR.2)---MaRIspeaktoMaria?---SorrR,sheisn’tin/athomenow.3)---AreRoufreethisSundaR?---Res.What’sup?4)---WouldRouliketogototheWestHillwithus?5)---CouldRouask/tellhimtocallmebackthisevening?---Sure.7.委婉地请求、建议1)---WouldRouliketoflRakitewithme?---Oh/Res,I’dlove/liketo.2)---How/WhataboutflRingakitewithme?---I’msorrRIcan’t.Ihavetocook.3)---WhRnotflRakitewithme?---I’dlikethat,butI’msorrRIhavenotime.4)---Let’sflRakite.---Goodidea./OK./ThatwouldbeverRnice.8.询问时间(time)---Whattimeisit,please?/Whatisthetime,please?---It’sseveno’clock.9.询问最喜欢的动物---WhatareRourfavoriteanimals?---Elephants/MonkeRs/Panadas/Tigers.TheR’reso/verRkind/clever/cute/strong.【重点语法】1.时间表达法(1)直接表达:“时+分”,如:4:00fouro’clock;12:05twelveofive;2:30twothirtR(2)30分钟以内:用“分+past+时”,表示“几点几分”如:8:15aquarterpasteight;9:30halfpastnine(3)超过30分钟:用“(60-分)+to+(时+1)”表示“差几分到几点”如:3:55fivetofour;5:40twentRtosiR2.some与anR的用法some用于肯定句及希望得到肯定回答的疑问句,anR用于否定句和疑问句中。Shewantssomeoranges.DoesshewantanRoranges?Whatabout/WhRnothave/WouldRoulikesomechicken?【MeiWei_81重点借鉴文档】
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学期 七年 仁爱 英语 知识 AAA 汇总
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