英语专业毕业论文范文(仅供参考)

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1、英语专业毕业论文范文(仅供参考)英语专业毕业论文范文(仅供参考)prynne----resurrectionathesissubmittedtothedepartmentofenglishof--------------------universityinpartialfulfillmentoftherequirementsforthedegreeofbachelorofartsby----------------------------class:3grade:2002supervisedby----------------------

2、-----june2006contentschapterone:biographyofnathanie,全国公务员共同天地lhawthorne…………………………………...p1第20页共20页nchaptertwdepravity---theoriginofthescarletletter…………………………..p2chapterthree:hesterprynne’sresurrection---fromsufferingandredemptiontosalvation……………………………………………………………………………...

3、p5conclusion………………………………………………………………………….p10references…………………………………………………………………………..p11hesterprynne---resurrectionabstract:thescarletlettermakestheamericanwriternathanielhawthorneknownallaroundtheworld.hawthorneisapiouschristian,andisdeeplyinfluencedbythetheology.he’ssomu

4、chindulgedinthereligiousdoctrinethatpeoplecanfindthereflectionofthegod第20页共20页nalmosteverywhereinhisworks.afterreadingthescarletletter,oneismostlyimpressedbythespiritofthebiblethestorydepicted.thebookchieflydiscussessinandhowtoatoneforit.hesterprynneistheheroineofthefict

5、ion.thispaperresearchesherfatetoillustratetheinfluenceofthebibletohawthorne.hesterprynnecommitsadulteryandisforcedtowearascarletletter“a”onherbreast.atthebeginning,sheencountersallkindsofsufferings,bothfromthesocietyandfromherownsoul.however,sherealizeshersinandtriesherbe

6、sttoatoneforit.andshedosenotchoosetoavoidherfault.finally,第20页共20页nthroughherendeavor,godforgivesher.inshort,sinandatoningforsin,thatisthepurposeofthispaper.keywords:thescarletletter.,hesterprynne,thebible,sinandatonement.摘要:《红字》使美国作家纳撒尼尔霍桑誉满全球。霍桑是一个虔诚的基督徒,并深受神学的影响。他是如此沉

7、迷于宗教的教义之中,人们几乎可以发现神在他的每部作品中无处不在。读完《红字》,给人印象最深的莫过于故事描绘的《圣经》的精神。该书主要讨论了关于罪与赎罪的问题。海丝特白兰是小说的女主人公。本文主要研究她的一生以说明《圣经》对霍桑的影响。海丝特白兰犯了通奸罪,并被迫在胸口上带一个大写的红色字母“a”。一开始,她遭遇了各种各样的磨难,既有来自社会的也有来自她自己精神上的。然而,她认识到了自己的罪行并尽最大努力去赎罪,并且她并没有选择逃避责罚。最后,通过她的努力,神原谅了她。简言之,本文的主要目的就是罪行以及赎罪。关键字:《红字》,海丝特白兰,《

8、圣经》,罪行以及赎罪。chapterone:biographyofnathanielhawthorne第20页共20页nwiththepublicationofthescarletletterin1850,nathanielhawthornebecameoneofthegreatestwriteratthattimeandbuilthisreputationasamajoramericanauthor.sincethattimeon,peoplebegantotakegreatinterestinallaspectsofhislifea

9、ndagreatmanybiographicalandcriticalstudieshadbeenwrittenabouthimandhisworks.heisalsobecomingmoreandmorepopularandfamiliarwithchinesereaders.sincethechinesetranslationofthescarletappearedin1950s,scholarsandreadersinthiscountryhaveshownanever-increasinginterestinhisworks.ha

10、wthornewasbornonthefourthofjuly,1804insalem,massachusetts.someofhis第20页共20页nancestorswerebigshotsinseventeenth-centurynewengland,whichwasunderthecontrolofpuritanism.oneofthemwasacolonialmagistrate,notoriousforhisparticipationinthepersecutionofquakers,andanotherwasajudgea

11、tthesalemwitchcrafttrailin1692.gradually,thefamilyfortunedeclined.hawthorne’sfatherwasaseacaptain,whodiedinanaccidentandlefthismotherandhimbehindtostruggletoliveforthemselves.younghawthornewasquiteawareofthemisdeedsofhispuritanancestors,andthisawarenessmadehimbelievethate

12、vilwasatthecoreofhumanlife.tosomeextent,hawthornewrotesomeof第20页共20页nhisbooks,suchasthescarletletterandthehouseofthesevengamblestotrytomakeupforthesinofhisancestors.hawthorne’swritingskillscanbeconcludedasfollows:firstly,allhislife,hawthorneseemstobeindulgedinhissenseofs

13、inandevilinlife.readinghisbooks,onecannotbutbeoverwhelmedbytheblackvisionwhichthesebooksreveal.evilexistsinthehumanheartallthetime.forinstance,intheshortstory,“earth’sholocaust,”wecanfindthat,thoughallsymbolsoftraditionandthepasthavebeenburnedinthebonfireofthelifeofthenew

14、world,thesourceofevil---thehumanheart,remainsintact.everyonepossessessomeevilsecretastaleslike“younggoodman第20页共20页nbrown”setouttoprove.everyonetriestocoverupitsinnermostevilinthewaytheministerdimmesdaleinthescarletlettertriestopretendhowpureandpiousheis.evilseemstobeman

15、’sbirthmark.thispointofviewisjustaswhatthebibledescribespeople’soriginalsin.secondly,tohawthorne,sinwillsurelygetpunished,onewayoranother.asamatteroffa(本文源于文秘城:)ct,hewassaidtobealwaystroubledbythethoughtthatthedeclineofhisfamily’sfortunehadsomethingtodowiththesinsofhispur

16、itanancestors.hawthornedeeplybelievesthat“thewrong-doingofonegenerationlivesintothesuccessiveones”(thehouse第20页共20页nofthesevengambles).itisalsointerestingtonotethathawthornebelievesthatevileducates.whathawthorneseemstoproveisthatmancangetexperiencefromthecrimewhichbrings

17、aboutthedisaster.inshort,totellthetruthandyetnottooffend,thatisallhawthornetriestoachieveinhisworks.“chaptertwdepravity---theoriginofthescarletletterthestorybeginsinseventeenth-centuryboston,whichisunderpuritancommand.ayoungwoman,namedhesterprynne,issentaheadtoamericabyhe

18、rhusband---anoldanduglyscholar.however,formanyyears,hedoesn’tarrive.obviously,itispossiblethathehas第20页共20页nbeenlostinthesea.whilewaitingforherhusband,hesterandayounglocalministercalledarthurdimmesdalefallinlovewitheachother.theycommitadulterysecretly.becauseofhester’spr

19、egnancy,thesecretisfinallydiscovered.accordingtothebible,everyoneissinful.thatistheopinionoftheoriginalsin:whengodcreatestheworld,hefirstcreatesamancalledadamandthenawomancalledeve.theylivehappilyinthegardenofeden.godtellsthemthattheycaneateverykindoffruitinthegardenexcep

20、tthoseonthetreeofknowledgeofgoodandevil.instigatedbytheserpent,thetwocannotcontroltheircuriosityandviolatesgod’sorderandeatthe第20页共20页nfruitsfromthatparticulartree.thatenragesgod.fromthattimeon,theybecomesinfulandareexpelledfromthegardenofeden.however,sindoesn’tstop.itis

21、passedfromgenerationtogenerationbyreproductionofadamandeve.allsuccessivegenerationsaretheirdescendantsandthereforeinherittheirsin.soatthetimeoneisborn,he/shebearsevilandhastherootofcommittingcrime.accordingtotheprincipleoftheoriginalsin,hesterprynneisnotanexception.sheisa

22、lsotheoffspringofadamandeve.theinsideofherflowstheirbloodsandsheofcourseinheritstheiroriginalsin.thussheisasinnerfromthebeginningofherlife.第20页共20页narethereanyotherstandardstojudgewhetherapersonissinful?theanswerispositive.thecriterionshouldnotbethecommoncustom.instead,i

23、tshouldbethegod’sstandard.becauseaccordingtothecommoncustom,itisverydifficulttojudgesometimes.everybodyisamixtureofvirtueandevilandtheemphasisofeveryone’sselfishdesireisquitedifferent.somecravenlyfeardeath,someclingtowoman’scharms,someseekonlyprofitsandsomehankerafterrepu

24、tation.somearefrankandhonestandothersslyandcunning.thereforeitishardtodecidewhoisrightandwhoiswrong.furthermore,thecommoncustom第20页共20页nisrelativeandchanging.forexample,twentyyearsago,tocommitadulterywasenoughtoruinaperson’sfame.however,intoday’ssociety,cohabitationbefor

25、emarriageisuniversal.besides,althoughsomepeopledisplayhighermoralstandardsthanothers,theystillcan’tgetridofselfishnessandavoidcommittingcrime.ifweadoptsthecriterionofthecommoncustom,althoughweknowthatwearenotinnocent,wewillcomfortourselvesthatwemaybeworsethansomepeople,bu

26、tstillbetterthanothers.thuswecanonlyusegod’scriteriatodecidewhetherornotapersonissinful.god’scriteriaarethetencommandmentsandthesevendeadlysins.thetencommandments:第20页共20页niamthelordyourgod,whobroughtyououtofegypt,outofslavery.youshallhavenoothergodsbeforeme.youshallnotm

27、akeforyourselfanidolintheformofanythinginheavenaboveorontheearthbeneathorinthewatersbelow.youshallnotbowdowntothemorworshipthem;fori,thelordyourgod,amajealousgod,punishingthechildrenforthesinofthefatherstothethirdandfourthgenerationofthosewhohateme,butshowinglovetoathousa

28、ndgenerationsofthosewholovemeandkeepmycommandments.youshallnotmisusethenameofthelordyourgod,forthelordwillnotholdanyoneguiltlesswhomisuseshisname.rememberthesabbathdaybykeepingitholy.第20页共20页nsixdaysyoushalllabouranddoallyourwork,buttheseventhdayisasabbathtothelordyourgo

29、d.onityoushallnotdoanywork,neitheryou,noryoursonordaughter,noryourmanservantormaidservant,noryouranimals,northealienwithinyourgates.forinsixdaysthelordmadetheheavensandtheearth,thesea,andallthatisinthem,butherestedontheseventhday.thereforethelordblessedthesabbathdayandmad

30、eitholy.honouryourfatherandyourmother,sothatyoumaylivelonginthelandthelordyourgodisgivingyou.youshallnotmurder.youshallnotcommitadultery.youshallnotsteal.第20页共20页nyoushallnotgivefalsetestimonyagainstyourneighbour.youshallnotcovetyourneighbour""""shous

31、e.youshallnotcovetyourneighbour""""swife,orhismanservantormaidservant,hisoxordonkey,oranythingthatbelongstoyourneighbour.(exodus2,14)thesevendeadlysins:a)pride;b)lechery;c)envy;d)wrath;e)sloth;f)gluttonobviously,accordingtothesecriteria,hesterprynneisq

32、uitesinful.sheissinfulbecauseshedisobeysgodbycommittingadultery.whenchillingworth---hesterprynne’shusbandsenthertothenewworld,althoughtherewasnoloveatallbetweenthecouple,sheshouldn’tforgetthatshehadalreadygotmarried.shehadahusband,whowasjustmissingatthat第20页共20页ntime.how

33、ever,shecouldnotcontrolherviciousdesireandhadaloveaffairwiththeminister---dimmesdale.that’snotforgivableaccordingtocatholicism.that’sinsulttogod.that’sbetrayal!insuchasituation,hesterprynneforgotgod’sinstructionandwascompletelydegenerated.sheisablasphemetogod.sofromthever

34、ydayofhercrime,hesterprynnehastobearallthesufferingsthatfollow.everysinmustbepunished.allourbehaviorsanddeedscan’tpassawayeasily.ourwrong-doingsarehatefulinthattheynotonlydepraveourselves,butalsooffenseothersandespeciallygod.hester’sbehaviorisdisgracefulandsheislookeddown

35、uponbyothers.第20页共20页nfurthermore,heradulteryaffrontsgod.godisjustandfair.godwillnotforgiveyourfaultcaraccordingtotomwaltson,thenatureofsinisevil:firstly,sinfoulspeople;sinisnotonlyaflaw,butalsoacontamination.sintosoulisthesameasrusttogold.itisjustlikeablemishonabeautifu

36、lthing.thebiblecomparessinwith“plague”(1king,8,38).sinfoulsgod’simageandstainthepureofsoul.itmakesgod“grewwearyof”thesinners(zechariah,8,11);andwhen“youwillrememberyourconductandalltheactionsbywhichyouhavedefiledyourselves,andyouwillloatheyourselvesforalltheevilyouhavedon

37、e”(ezekiel,20,43).apostlepaulsaidin2第20页共20页ncorinthian,7,1that“everything…contaminatesbodyandspirit”.secondly,sinmakesgodworry.“donotgrievetheholyspiritofgod”(ephesians,4,30).sinisdeliberatelyanafflictiontogod.goddoesn’tlikesinbecausesinmakesgodbeinsulted.sotoworrygodis

38、abigcrime.thirdly,siniscontrarytogod.asinnertrendsongod’sprincipleandviolatesgod’sdecree.fourthly,sinbringsevil.sinislikethetrojanhorse(thegreekssiegedtroyformanyyearswithoutresult.oneday,theygotanidea.theypretendedtoretreat,leavingahugewoodenhorse,inwhichanumberofgreekhe

39、roeshadhiddenthemselves.thetrojans,whowere第20页共20页ntoohappytoreflectonthesituation,broughtthehorseinsidethecityasawartrophy.inthefollowingnight,thegreekscameoutandattackedtheunsuspectingandcelebratingtrojans,andfinallyconqueredtroy),whichhasaco,全国公务员共同天地mmonoutlookandter

40、riblethingsinside.lastly,sinnerswhodon’trepentwilldieout.unrepentantsinbringsabout“theseconddeath”(revelation20,14)(《xitongshenxue》varuserid="yuhs81";varc="ffffff,ffffff,000000,12,ffffff,0066ff,12,0,1";varw="760";varh="90";vars=&quo

41、t;12";第20页共20页

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