湖北省2020高考英语 专项训练 阅读理解18

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时间:2021-11-25

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此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。2020高考英语冲刺阅读理解专项50-18ABeltonandCanfieldaretwoseashoretowns,notfarapart.Bothtownshavemanyhotels,andinsummerthehotelsarefullofholiday-makersandothertourists(观光者).LastAugusttherewasafireattheSeabreezeHotelinBelton.Thenextday,thisnewsappearedonpagetwoofthetown’snewspaper,TheBeltonPost:FIREATSEABREEZELatelastnightfiremenhurriedtotheSeabreezeHotelandquicklyputoutasmallfireinabedroom.Thehotelmanagersaidthatacigarettestartedthefire.Wesayagaintoallourvisitors:“Pleasedon’tsmokecigarettesinbed.”ThiswasBelton’sfirsthotelfireforfiveyears.TheCanfieldTimesgavethenewsinthesewordsonpageone.ANOTHERBELDONHOTELCATCHESFIRELastnightBeltonfiremenarrivedjusttoolatetosaveclothing,bedclothesandsomefurnitureattheSeabreezeHotel.Anangryholiday-makersaid,“Anelectriclampprobablystartedthefire.Thebedroomlampsareveryoldatsomeofthesehotels.WhenIputmybedsidelighton,Iheardafunnynoisefromthelamp.”WearegladtotellourreadersthatthissortofadventuredoesnothappeninCanfield.Whatarethefacts,then?Itisnevereasytofindouttheexacttruthaboutanaccident.TherewasafireattheSeabreezeHotellastAugust:thatisonefact.Doweknowanythingelse?Yes—weknowthatfiremenwenttothehotel.Nowwhatdoyouthinkoftherestofthe“news”?1.Whichofthefollowingbestgivesthemainideaofthistext?A.BeltonandCanfieldarebothgoodplacesfortouristsinsummer.B.AfirebrokeoutonenightinSeabreezeHotellastsummer.C.Itwasnoteasytofindoutexacttruthfromnewspapers.D.Twonewspapersgavereportsonthesamematter.答案解析:答案为C。本题为主旨大意题。文章前面的内容陈述了两则不同的新闻报道,后面的内容对新闻报道进行总结,由倒数第二段第二句话“Itisnevereasytofindouttheexacttruthaboutanaccident.”可知,答案为C。2.Whichofthefollowingareprobablyfacts?a.Thefirebrokeoutinabedroomatthehotel.b.Acigarettestartedthefire.c.Anoldlampstartedthefire.d.Thefirebrokeoutatnight.e.TherehasneverbeenafireinCanfield.A.bandcB.aanddC.candeD.aandc答案解析:答案为B。本题为细节题。由第一则报道的第一句话“LatelastnightfiremenhurriedtotheSeabreezeHotelandquicklyputoutasmallfireinabedroom.”n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。和第二则报道的第一句话“LastnightBeltonfiremenarrivedjusttoolatetosaveclothing,bedclothesandsomefurnitureattheSeabreezeHotel.”可知,火灾都发生在晚上和房间里,故答案为B。3.TheCanfieldTimesusedtheheadline(标题)likethisinordertomakeitsreadersthink_______.A.hotelsinBeltonoftencatchfireB.hotelsinBeltondon’toftencatchfireC.thiswasthesecondfireattheSeabreezeHotelD.Beltonwasagoodplaceexceptthathotelstherearenotquitesafe答案解析:答案为A。本题为细节推理题。CanfieldTimes报纸报道的新闻标题使用“another”意在告诉读者Belton的旅馆经常发生火灾,这样可以使得自己城市的旅游业更具有竞争力。故答案为A。4.TheCanfieldnewspapergaveareportjusttheoppositetotheBeltonPostbysayingthat_______.A.thebedroomlampswereveryoldattheSeabreezeHotelB.thebedroomlightsmadefunnynoisewhenthefiretookplaceC.thefiremenfailedtosaveclothing,bedclothesandotherthingsD.suchaccidentsneverhappenedinCanfieldforthepast5years答案解析:答案为C。本题为细节题。Canfield报纸报道的第一句话“LastnightBeltonfiremenarrivedjusttoolatetosaveclothing,bedclothesandsomefurnitureattheSeabreezeHotel.”一语中的,把最重要的信息首先传递给受众,“消防员到达太晚未能挽救房间里的衣服,床单被褥和一些家具”,C选项的意思与此吻合,故答案为C。干扰项A选项是该则报道后面的内容,不可选。BWithonlyabout1,000pandasleftintheworld,Chinaisdesperatelytryingtoclonetheanimalandsavetheseinadangeroussituation.That"samovesimilartowhataTexasA&MUniversityresearchershavebeenundertakingforthepastfiveyearsinaprojectcalled"Noah"sArk".Noah"sArkisaimedatcollectingeggs,embryos(胚胎),semenandDNAoftheseanimalsandstoringtheminliquidnitrogen.Ifcertainspeciesshouldbecomeextinct,Dr.DuaneKraemer,aprofessorinTexasA&M"sCollegeofVeterinary,Medicine,saystherewouldbeenoughofthebasicbuildingblockstoreintroducethespeciesinthefuture.Itisestimatedthatasmanyas2,000speciesofmammals,birdsandreptileswillprobablybecomeextinctinover100years.Thepanda,nativeonlytoChina,isindangerofbecomingextinctinthenext25years.Thisweek,ChinesescientistssaidtheygrewanembryobyintroducingcellsfromadeadfemalepandaintotheeggcellsofaJapanesewhiterabbit.Theyarenowtryingtoimplanttheembryointoahostanimal.Theentireprocedurecouldtakefromthreetofiveyearstocomplete."Thenucleartransferofonespeciestoanotherisnoteasy,butthelackofn此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。availablepandaeggscouldbeamajorproblem,"Kraemerbelieves."Theywillprobablyhavetodoseveralhundredtransferstoresultinonepregnancy(havingababy).Ittakesalongtimeandit"sdifficult,butthiscouldbegroundbreakingscienceifitworks.Theyarecertainlynotputtinganylivepandasatrisk,soitisworththeeffort,"addsKraemer,whoisoneoftheleadersoftheProjectatTexasA&M,thefirst-everattemptatcloningadog."Theyaretryingtodosomethingthat"sneverbeendone,andthisisverysimilartoourworkinNoah"sArk.We"rebothtryingtosaveanimalsthatfaceextinction.Icertainlyappreciatetheireffortandthere"salotwecanlearnfromwhattheyareattemptingtodo.Thecooperationbetweenusisverymuchneeded."1.Thefinalaimof"Noah"sArk"projectisto_______.      .A.makeeffortstoclonetheendangeredpandas B.saveendangeredanimalsfromdyingoutC.collectDNAofendangeredanimalstostudy D.transferthenuclearofoneanimaltoanother答案解析:答案为B。本题为细节题。由第二段内容可知,“诺亚方舟”项目的目的在于收集濒临灭绝的动物的卵子、胚胎、精子和DNA,并用液体氮将它们储存起来。如果某些物种灭绝了,将会有足够的基础建设材料再造这些物种。最后一段第二句“We"rebothtryingtosaveanimalsthatfaceextinction.”又一次提到了这个项目的目的,即拯救濒临灭绝的物种。故答案为B。2.AccordingtoProfessorKraemer,________.A.thelongtimelastingcloningresearchcouldbesuccessful.B.theeggstransfersimmediatelyresultinhavingababy.C.thelackofnucleartransfercouldbeamajorproblemtohavenewpandas.D.ifspeciesshoulddieout,basicbuildingblockswouldhealthem.答案解析:答案为A。本题为推理题。由倒数第二段第一句话“…butthelackofavailablepandaeggscouldbeamajorproblem”可知,C选项错误。由该段第二句话“Theywillprobablyhavetodoseveralhundredtransferstoresultinonepregnancy(havingababy).”可知,B选项错误。由该段第三句话“Ittakesalongtimeandit"sdifficult,butthiscouldbegroundbreakingscienceifitworks.”可知,这(细胞核移植)需要很长时间,而且难度很大,但是一旦成功,便会成为开创性的科学。言外之意就是长期的克隆研究技术或许能成功。故A选项正确。第二段提到“Ifcertainspeciesshouldbecomeextinct,…therewouldbeenoughofthebasicbuildingblockstoreintroducethespeciesinthefuture.”,而D选项“如果物种灭绝,基础建设材料将治愈他们”夸大了基础建设材料的作用,与原文不符,故错误。3.Thebesttitleforthepassagemaybe_________.A.China"sSuccessinPandasCloningB.HelpingWaystoAvoidExtinctionC.ExploringthePossibilitytoClonePandasD.ThePracticeinNoah"sArkn此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。答案解析:答案为C。本文为新闻报导类文章,第一段点出了文章的中心,中国在努力克隆濒临灭绝的大熊猫,从第二段起具体介绍DuaneKraemer对中国科学家克隆大熊猫的做法的评价,并与美国科学家正在从事的“诺亚方舟”项目做了对比。文章最后一段表达了他们对中国同行所做的工作的高度评价。故最佳标题为C“探索克隆大熊猫的可能性”。4.Fromthepassageweknowthat_______.A.KraemerandhisteamhavesucceededincloningapandaB.scientiststrytoimplantapanda"seggintoarabbitC.KraemerwillworkwithChinesescientistsincloneresearchesD.abouttwothousandspeciesaretodieoutinacentury答案解析:答案为D。本题为细节题。由第三段第一句话“Itisestimatedthatasmanyas2,000speciesofmammals,birdsandreptileswillprobablybecomeextinctinover100years.”可知,D选项正确。A选项明显错误;由第四段第一句话“Thisweek,ChinesescientistssaidtheygrewanembryobyintroducingcellsfromadeadfemalepandaintotheeggcellsofaJapanesewhiterabbit.”可知,B选项错误。由最后一段最后一句话“Thecooperationbetweenusisverymuchneeded.”可知,ProfessorKraemer是说有必要合作,而不是将会与中国科学家一起致力于克隆研究,C选项与此表达不符,故不选。
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