湖北省2020高考英语二轮复习专题训练:阅读理解(95)

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此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。湖北省2020高考英语二轮复习专题训练:阅读理解(95)阅读下列A、B、C、D每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。ARecentlyafriendofminewrotetomeaboutherexperienceinHolland:Averyoldmanaskedmetocometohisapartment,andhewoulddonateabiketotheproject.Iwentovertogetit,anditwashalfabike,whichwaslockedtoapoleandhadobviouslybeenthereforyears.Thetemperaturewaswellbelowzero.Itbecameclearthathewasinfactsuper-lonely,andtornbetweenusualDutchdistrustofstrangersanddesperationforhumancontact.Hefinallybeggedmetocomeuptohisapartment(whereheobviouslylivedalone)butnotbeforewespent15minutestryingtosawthatrustyoldbikeloose,withhisWorldWarII-periodhacksaw(钢锯)withmissingteeth.YoumayknowthatDutchpeoplearethetallestintheworld,reflectingaveryhighstandardofliving.But—ifthisoldmanisnotunusual—reducingthelonelinessofoldpeopleisn’tpartoftheDutchsocialcontract,admirableasitmaybe.IrecentlywatchedtheFrontlineprogramSickAroundtheWorld.Itsuggestedthatthatoldmanisn’tunusual.InEngland,wheredoctorvisitsarefree,adoctorsaidhehasseveralpatientswhocomeweekly,purelybecausethey’relonely.InJapan,somepatientshavetheirbloodpressuremeasuredveryoften—mostprobablyforthesamereason.InTaiwan,ifyouseeadoctor20timesinonemonth,someonefromthegovernmentwillcometotalktoyou.Notaboutloneliness—aboutoveruseofmedicalcare.TheFrontlineprogrammadenothingofanyofthesefacts,whichwereincludedtoshowthataccesswaseasy.Reallytheideathateveryoneneedshumancontactisn’tmysteriousorcontroversial.Myexplanationisthere’sadoubleblow:Notonlydolonelyoldpeoplehavelittlepower,it’salsoclearthattheirproblem(loneliness)isn’tcausedbya“chemicalimbalance”.Sonodrugscanbesoldtotreatit.Andthere’snodiagnosticcategory.Whentheselonelyoldpeopleusewhatlittlepowertheyhavebyvisitingtheirdoctor,thedoctor—I’massuming—doesn’tdoanythingtogetridoftheloneliness.Evenifyouvisit20timesinamonth.1.ThestoryoftheDutcholdmanatthebeginningofthepassageservesas_______A.anexampleofthelonelypeopleB.animportantreminderofherfriendC.anintroductiontoDutchsocialproblemsD.anexampleofDutchsuspicionofstrangers2.Theunderlinedword“it”inthesecondparagraphrefersto________.A.theveryoldmanB.theDutchsocialcontractC.ahighstandardofDutchlivingD.reducingthelonelinessofoldpeoplen此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。3.ThewritermentionedEngland,JapanandTaiwantoshowthat________.A.theFrontlineprogramSickAroundtheWorldispopularB.peoplehaveeasyaccesstothesickaroundtheworldC.itisuniversalthateveryoneneedshumancontactD.somecountrieshaveverygoodhealthcare4.Thetoneoftheauthoris_________.A.skepticalB.concernedC.positiveD.criticalBLikemostkids,JordanRomerohadadreamattheageof9.TheonlydifferencewasinJordan"scasehedecidedhewantedtoclimbthe7Summits.Andhewantedtostartimmediately,completingthisdreambeforehis16thbirthday.  Itrequiresclimbingthehighestmountainoneachofthesevencontinents.The7summitsformthehighestofadventureandexpertiseinthemountainclimbingworld.Thosebeing:  1.Mt.KilimanjaroinTanzania,Africa(5893m)  2.Mt.ElbrusinRussia,Europe(5642m)  3.KosciuszkoinAustralia,Oceania(2228m)  4.MountMcKinleyinAlaska,NorthAmerica(6198m)  5.AconcaguainArgentina,SouthAmerica(6962m)  6.EverestinNepal,Asia(8848m)  7.VinsonMassifinAntarctica(4892m)  Inthepast100years,fewerthan200climbershavesuccessfullyclimbedallsevenpeaks.Itisanextremelydifficultanddangerouschallenge,onewhichrequiresextrememental,physicalandpsychologicalstrength;nottomentionalotoftrainingandresources.Withthesupportofhisdad,PaulRomero,andhisstepmomKaren,Jordanandhisfamilybegantraininghard:carryingheavypackstoschoolandthemallforweeksattimes,draggingtirestobuildstrongheart,sleepinginaspecialoxygenthinningroomtosimulate(模拟)thefeelingof"thedeadzone"thatoccursatthepeaksofthehighestmountains.Thedisciplineandskillsrequiredtoclimbamountainrequireagreatamountofhardworkandendlesstraining.Formost9yearolds,justfinishinganhourofhomeworkisnearimpossible.ButJordanhadadreamandheinsistedonit.  Beforehis10thbirthday,JordanandhisfamilyclimbedMtKilimanjaro—hisfirstpeak.Atelevenheknockeddownfourmoresummits,twoofthembeingsomeofthemosttechnicalanddangerousintheworld.WhendisagreementaroseoverthehighestpeakinOceaniabeingKosciuszkoinAustraliaorCarstenszPyramidinIndonesia,Jordanclimbedboth.  OnMay22nd,2020,attheageof13,Jordanbecametheyoungestpersontosummittheworld"shighestmountain—Everest.With7peaksalreadyachieved,Jordanonlyhasonelastobstaclebetweenhimandhisfinalgoal.AndhealreadyhasplanstoundertakeAntarcticathissummer,whichwouldputhim3yearsaheadofhisoriginaldreamtoclimbthe7summitsby16.  Jordansaysheclimbstoshowkidsofhisagethatanythingispossible,andn此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。toencourageyouthtogetoutsideandgetactive.Inhisownwords:"Iwanttodosomemotivationalspeakingandencouragekidstosetgoalsinlifeandbehealthy."5.Thethemeofthepassageis__________.A.thestruggleoflifeB.therealizationofdreamC.thestrengthofhumanD.thegreatnessofhuman6.Inordertoadapttotheextremeclimateinmountainclimbing,Jordan_________.A.sleptintheroomwiththinairB.draggedcarsbytirestothegarbageC.helpedmallstocarryheavypacksoftenD.hadhisdadandmomstopworkingtosupporthim7.WhichofthefollowingaboutJordaniswrongaccordingtothepassage?A.Beforetheageof10,heclimbedhisfirstpeakwithhisfamily.B.At11heclimbedanother2mostdangerouspeaksintheworld.C.HeclimbedbothhighestpeaksinOceaniabecauseofdisagreementabouthim.D.Jordanof13wastheyoungestevertomakeittothesummitofMt.Everestin2020.8.WhatkindofmotivationcanotherchildrengetfromJordan’sexperience?A.Youcanbehealthythroughclimbingmountains.B.Reachinggoalsisveryimportant.C.Anythingispossible.D.Successiseasy.CInthemarketofluxury(奢侈)brands,ChineseconsumersareonlysecondtotheJapaneseintheworld.Acrosstheglobeit’sclearthattheyounggenerationareincreasinglyrelyingonexpensivebrandsfortheirself-image.PersonallyIamafashion-lover,atleastinspirit.Ilovetolookatclothesandshoes.ButIdon’tunderstandwhypeoplespendlargeamountsofmoneyondesignerlabels.Certainly,youngpeople,whetherinChinaorelsewhere,shouldbebuildingtheirself-confidenceinotherways.Whenayoungwomanshowsoffahandbagworthtwomonths’salary,that’sascarything.Whatarethepsychologicalfactorsforcingyoungpeopletotakeondebtfordesigneritems?Thedesiretosay,“Hey,lookatme.I’mwealthy.Ihavesocialstatus.”Scientistshavefoundtheacquisitionofluxurybrandsdoesn’tleadtohappiness.Studyafterstudyhasshownthat,althoughweareborntodesirematerialpossessions,whenwegetthem,wedon’tsuddenlybecome“happypeople”.Infact,aseriesofstudiesbyLeafVanBovenattheUniversityofColorado,US,hasshownthatindividualswhoinvest(投资)intravelandotherexperiencesgetmorepleasurethanthosewhoinvestinmaterialthings.That’sbecauseexperiencesaremoreeasilycombinedintoaperson’sidentity.IfItraveltoYunnan,thatadventureaffectshowIthink.Mymemoriesentertainmyfriendsandcolleagues.Itfollows,then,thatinvestinginexperiencesimprovesmychancesforsuccessfuln此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。socialrelationships.Moreover,asVanBovenhasobserved,youngpeoplewhopursuehappinessthrough“things’arelikedlessbyothersthanyoungpeoplewhoseekhappinessthroughexperiences.Thisresearchisprettysolid,butIsuspectitwon’tpersuadeyoungpeoplenottodesireastyle.It’snaturaltowanttoexpressyourselfthroughyourappearance.Somyadviceis,createalookthatisn’ttiedtoadesignerlabel.Youdon’thavetobreakthebanktosendamessageaboutwhoyouare.Takeatrip.Gooutintotheworld.Thencomebackandconfidentlycreateyourownsignaturelook.9.Thispassageiswrittenhereinorderto_________.A.encourageyoungpeopletotravelB.adviseyoungpeopletosavemoneyC.reporttheresultofaseriesofresearchesD.persuadeyoungpeopletoseekexperiencehappiness10.Theauthorfindsithardtounderstand____________.A.whypeopleliketolookatclothesandshoesB.whyChineseconsumesomanyluxurybrandsC.whypeoplespendsomuchmoneyondesignerlabelsD.whyyoungpeoplebuildtheirself-imagethroughclothes11.Theauthorbelievesthatyoungpeoplewouldborrowmoneyforluxurybrandspsychologicallyto__________.A.makeothersjealousB.improveappearanceC.buildupconfidenceD.showoff12.Theunderlinedwords“breakthebank”probablymeans_________.A.costmorethanyoucanaffordB.borrowmoneyfromthebankC.escapefromthebankD.robthebankDCowboysFull:TheStoryofPokerYoumaynotplaypokeryourselfbutformuchofthe19thand20thcenturies,thefateofthefreeworldhasbeendeterminedbymenwhodo.Sothisrecommendationisnotforthosewhoalreadyplaythegame–ifyoudo,youneedn"tbotherreadingtherestofthisreview,justgooffandbuythebook–astothenon-playerthisisseriouslyworththeirattention.Althoughitbeganaspoque,aFrenchgamethatdevelopedinNewOrleansandheadeduptheMississippisteamboats,bythemid-19thcenturypokerwasthemostpopularAmericanamusement;thenationalgame,ineffect.SothehistoryofAmericacanbeviewedthroughthehistoryofpoker,asJamesMcManusquietlydemonstrates.InthisbookyouwatchAmericagrowupoveracardtable,fromthewildwestgameswhichcouldeitherleaveyoubroke,ordead,orbothtothemorepoliteearly20th-centuryscenesofrespectablegames.Anditispossibletoargue,afterreadingthisbook,thathistorywouldbedifferentiftherewerenosuchgamewhichcombinedluck,intelligence,dishonesty,n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。courage,skillandcharacter.(There"saverygoodchapterwhichtriestoworkouthowmuchluckisinvolvedinthegame.)FewoverherehavereadorwillreadShelbyFoote"s2,836-pagehistoryoftheAmericancivilwar,sowecanbegratefulthatMcManusprovidesuswithaclearandelegantoutlinewhichtellshowitwas"thefirstworkofhistorytoexplorehowthegame"swisdomandlogicfitintothewholeschemeofAmerica"smostdefinitiveconflict".Notonly,forinstance,wasUlyssesSGrantagoodpokerplayer,butasastudentatWestPointhe"dlearnedthebetting(打赌)strategiesofmanyofhiscontemporarieswhowouldgoontobecomerebel(叛军)generals.Nixon"spokergamehasalreadybeenanalysedbyGarryWillsinhisNixonAgonistes;OskarMorgenstern,oneofEisenhower"sadvisers,pointedoutthatchesswasRussians’nationalgameandpokerwastheAmericans".Thisisnot,though,thehistoryofpoker,but,asthesubtitletellsus,thestoryofpoker,youwillfindfullerdetailselsewhere.Thisisaveryflowingandimpressionisticaccount,withahugeknowledgeofthegame;attimes,initsmixingtogetherofanecdoteandobservation,itproducesthefeelingyoumightgetfromstudyingaworkofart.McManusisafirst-ratewriter:controlled,sensitive,accurateandconvincing.Andifthegamemakesnosensetoyouorholdsnoappeal,itmightbethecasethatyouareputtingyourselfatadisadvantagewhenitcomestodealingwiththerestofhumankind.13.Thepurposeofthewritingis__________.A.topersuadepeopletoplaypokerB.topresentAmericanhistoryC.toteachyousomepokerskillsD.torecommendabook14.Theunderlinedpart“America"smostdefinitiveconflict”probablyrefersto_________.A.AmericanindependencewarB.AmericancivilwarC.AmericanwildwestgamesD.American20th-centurycardgame15.WecanguessthatUlyssesSGrant,NixonandOskarMorgensternincludedinthe3rdparagrapharejust________.A.anecdotesaboutpokerB.interestsaboutpokerC.historyaboutpokerD.knowledgeaboutpoker16.Whichofthefollowingistheconclusionthatthewriterofthispassagehasdrawn?A.Worldhistorywouldbedifferentwithoutpoker.B.Historybookishardertounderstandthanpokerbook.C.PokeroriginatedinNewOrleansandbecamepopularwithsailors.D.Ifyoudon’tplaypoker,youwillbeatadisadvantageinhumansociety.E  Thehallwayscastshadowssincetheonlylightavailablewasfromopenwindowsanddoorways.Thelightsareturnedofftosavemoneyontheelectricitybill.Therooms,borrowedrooms,werenotlikebeinginhospitals.Therewerenocolorsonthewalls,orframedpicturesforustobedistractedby.Therewerenomagazinestolookat,orpenstowritewith.Therewerenoplants,ormatchingchairs,orpapern此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。spreadovertheexaminingtables.BytheseconddayofamedicalmissionhostedbyPAMS(PeruvianAmericanMedicalSociety)inAbancay,Peru,itwaseasytostartadaptingandtakingadvantageofwhatwedidhaveinsidethehospital.Ilearnedtoreuseabrownpaperbaginordertotransportitemstheentireweek.Ihidmymask,hatandshoecoverswheneverIneededtoleavethesurgeryfloortobesuretheywereavailableagain.Theonetowelwascreativelyfoldedsothatwecouldkeepusingit.Bythethirdday,IrealizedhowwastefulIwasthefirstday.Ihadthrownawayarubberbandthathadheldapileofenvelopes,ausedwaterbottle,andworstofall:wehadusedtwoglovesinsteadofone.ThefreemedicalcarethelocalIndianswerereceivingtodaywasanewexperienceformanyofthepeople.PAMSisanation-wide,non-profitorganizationthathelpsbringPeruvianandAmericandoctorstogethertooffermedicaltreatmentandeducationtotownsinPeru.SeveralothertownsincludingCusco,Lima,andTrujilloalsobenefitfromthesemedicalmissions.Allthevolunteersdonatetheirowntimeandservices.Themissionisorganizedfortwoweeks,onceortwiceayear.Volunteersareencouragedtostayaslongaspossible.Abancayisabeautifultown,7,000feetabovesealevelwithapopulationof80,000people.  Thisfirstweek,thereare19otherpeoplewhovolunteeredtohelpthoselessfortunate.Manyofthevolunteersstayedinthesamehoteltogetherandmanywerepaireduptohavearoommate.Onthefirstnight,themayorwelcomedeveryoneasthehighschoolchildrenperformedadanceoflocalcustom.Workstartedat8a.m.thenextmorning.Thefirsttasktoaccomplishwassettinguparoomtobeusedasanofficeandpharmacy(药房).Everythingthatwasdonatedwassetuponportableshelvesthatwereputupfortheoccasion.17.Thewriterisprobablytellingabout__________.A.hermedicalexperienceinPeruB.herorganizationworkinPeruC.hervolunteeringexperienceinPeruD.hertravelingexperienceinPeru18.Howdidtheauthorfeelaboutwhatshedidonthefirstday?A.Grateful.B.Regretful.C.Proud.D.Excited.19.PAMSisorganizedwiththepurposeof_________.A.offeringmedicaltreatmentandeducationtotownsinPeruB.givingnewexperiencestolocalIndiansinPeruC.helpingbuildlocalhospitalsintownsinPeruD.encouragingyoungpeopletosacrifice20.Wecanguessthattheauthorwill,intherestofthepassage,writeabout_________.A.herfriendshipwithlocalsB.thesceneryinPeruC.theprogressofPAMSD.herworkn此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。1-20ADCBBACCDCDADBADCBAD
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