湖北省2020高考英语二轮复习专题限时训练 23史地自然型阅读理解(1)

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此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。2020高考英语二轮复习专题限时训练专题限时训练(二十三) [史地自然型阅读理解(一)](限时:25分钟)(一)Wind,water,fireandice—thesepowerfulnaturalforceshaveshapedthelandofAmericainthepast.Theyarestillchangingittoday.TheColoradoRiverslowlycutdownthroughstonetomaketheGrandCanyon(大峡谷).Longago,icesheetscutYosemiteValleyandtheGreatLakes,andglaciers(冰川)arestillonthemoveinAlaska.Windandrainstormhitthelandfromtimetotime.Firessometimesburndownforestsanddestroythehomesofwildanimals:ThishappenedinYellowstoneParkin1988.Deadvolcanic(火山的)mountainssuchasHaleakalaonMauiandCarterLakeinOregonarebeautifultolookat.ButthereareseveralactivevolcanoesintheUS,especiallyalongthePacificCoast.Therearealsomanyearthquakesinthisarea.Scientistscandonothingtocontrolearthquakesorvolcanoes.ThiswasshownclearlyonMay18,1980.At8:32thatmorning,MountStHelensinWashingtonstatebrokeout.Thetopofthemountainwasblownoff.Over60people—campers,scientists,journalists,forestworkers—werekilled.Hundredsofsquaremilesofforestswereknockeddown.Intownsover100milesaway,daysuddenlybecamenight.Anashcloudhidthesunformanyhours.TownsandfieldsinWashington,Oregon,andIdahowerecoveredwithdirtygrayash.ScientistsknewthatMtStHelensmighterupt(爆发)soon.Butnoonecouldsaywhen.Andnooneexpectedtheterriblestrengthoftheeruption.Manypeopleweresurprisedandunready.HarryR.Truman,84,ownedasmallhotelinMtStHelens.Scientistshadaskedpeopletomoveawaybecausethevolcanowasbecomingdangerous.ButHarryR.Trumanwouldnotleavehishome.Nowitiscoveredwithmanyfeetofdirtyash.AsmallcrossstandsabovetheplacewhereHarryprobablydied.PerhapsitisbetterthathedidnotseethedestructionofMtStHelens,theoncebeautifullake,andtheforests.n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。Butslowly,lifeisreturningtothedeadareaaroundthemountain.Grassandsmallplantsarebeginningtogrowagain.Deerandbirdshavebeenseen.Thelandwillneverbethesameasitoncewas.PerhapsMtStHelenswilleruptagain.Butthisisallpartofnature’spatternofchange,andmanhaslittlepowertocontrolit.(  )1.Choosethebesttitleforthispassage.A.Wind,water,fireandiceB.Volcano’sbeautyanddangerC.ThepowerofnatureD.NaturalforceshapesbeautifullandofAmerica(  )2.Aftertheeruptionofthevolcano,whatmadetheskyturndark?A.Thesmoke.     B.Theearth.C.Thefog.D.Theash.(  )3.Theunderlinedword“it”means________.A.thebodyofoldHarryB.thelocation(=place)ofHarry’shomeC.theopeningontopofMtStHelensD.theplacewhereHarryprobablydied(  )4.Wecaninferfromthisarticlethat________.A.WashingtonandOregonareneighboringstatesB.ColoradoRiverrunsthroughYosemiteValleyC.theeruptionofMtStHelensalsocausedtroublewiththeYellowstoneParkD.scientistsneverknewMtStHelenswasactive(二)TheHawaiianIslandsareinthePacificOceanalmost4,000kilometreswestofCalifornia.TourismisveryimportanttoHawaii.Thetropicalweatherandbeachesbringpeoplefromallovertheworld.ButHawaiiisalsoexperiencingproblemsfromthedownturn(经济衰退).Since2020Hawaiihashadfewerthansevenmillionvisitors.Thestatehad6,800,000arrivalsin2020.Thatwasadecreaseof10%from2020.Andtheyexpectnogrowthintheeconomythroughmostoftheyear.TheHawaiianIslandswereformedmillionsofyearsagobyhotliquidrockflowingfromunderseavolcanoes.Visitorscanstillwatchtheprocesstakeplaceonthelargestisland.PeopleusuallyjustcallittheBigIsland.n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。ExpertssayPolynesianpeoplefirstsailedtoHawaiiabout2,000yearsago.Akingruledtheislandswhenthe18thcenturyBritishexplorerJamesCookarrived.Atfirst,HawaiianstreatedCaptainCooklikeagod.Butintheend,hewaskilledontheBigIslandin1779.Britaingavetheislandstheirindependencein1843.Then,fiftyyearslater,agroupofAmericanbusinessmenoustedtherulerandfoundedtheRepublicofHawaii.ItbecameanAmericanterritoryin1900.ThatwasthreeyearsaftertheUnitedStatessetupanavalbaseatPearlHarbor,ontheislandofOahu,whichservedasthecommandbaseforAmericanoperationsinthePacificduringWorldWarⅡ.Afterthewar,mostHawaiiansrequiredthatHawaiishouldbeanindependentstate.InCongress(国会),though,therewasresistancefromsouthernstatesbecauseofHawaii’snonwhitenativepopulation.ButCongresspassedtheHawaiiStatehoodBillin1959.Hawaiiansacceptedit,andonAugust21st,PresidentEisenhowerdeclaredHawaiithe50thstate.(  )1.WhendidtheUSsetupanavalbaseatPearlHarbor?A.In1893.B.In1897.C.In1900.D.In1959.(  )2.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“ousted”inParagraph5mean?A.Forcedout.B.Pickedout.C.Elected.D.Became.(  )3.WhichofthefollowingisthecorrectorderinthehistoryofHawaii?a.ItwasruledbyaPolynesianking.b.ItbecameanAmericanterritory.c.TheRepublicofHawaiiwasfounded.d.ItwasundertheruleoftheBritish.e.Itbecameindependentin1843.f.ItjoinedtheUnitedStates.A.a,b,d,c,e,fB.a,e,d,c,b,fC.a,d,e,c,b,fD.a,e,c,d,b,f(三)“Choo,Choo!”HerecomestheChunneltrain.Getaboardifyouwanttolearnmoreaboutthisundergroundtransportationsystem.Thisisanunusualformoftransportation,becauseitisatunnelthattrainstravelthroughandnotanactualn此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。formoftransportation.TheChunnelisactuallytheEnglishnicknamefortheChannelTunnel.InFrench,itiscalledletunnelsouslaManche.ItisarailtunnelbeneaththeEnglishChannelattheStraitsofDover.ItconnectsCheritoninKent,EnglandwithSangatteinnorthernFrance.Itisthesecondlongestrailtunnelintheworld.DidyouknowthattheBritishandtheFrenchhadaracewhiletheywerebuildingtheChunnel?Theracewastoseewhocouldgettothemiddleofthetunnelfirst.TheBritishwonbyalittlebit.Ittook15,000workersoversevenyearstodigthetunnel.Thetunnelwasfinishedin1994.ThecompletedChunnelcostabout$21billion.Butitallpaidoff,becauseitbecameverypopular,veryquick.Millionsofpeopleuseit.Nowitisgettingevenmorepopular.TherearethreecompletetunnelsintheChunnel.Thetwooutsideonesarethepassengertrains.Thesmallinneroneisaguidancetrain.Theguidancetrainisnotusedfortransportation.Eachtrackisexactlyparalleltoeachother.TherearefourdifferenttrainsystemsintheChunnel.TheEurostarisahighspeedpassengerservicethatconnectsLondon,Paris,BrusselsandLille.TheEurotunnelshuttleisarailferryservice.Theseshuttlescarrycarsandvans.Thesearerailcarsthatallowdriverstodrivetheirvehiclesonandoff.TherearealsotwoEurotunnelgoodsservicetrains.NowyouknowmoreabouttheChunnel.Everybodyoff,thisisthelaststop.(  )1.TheChannelTunnel,links________with________.A.London;ParisB.Cheriton;SangatteC.Lille;BrusselsD.Dover;Kent(  )2.WhichofthefollowingshowsthestructureofthetunnelsintheChunnel? A.            B. C.            D.n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。(  )3.TheEurotunnelshuttleisintendedtocarry________.A.passengersB.driversandtheirvehiclesC.goodsD.staffmembersoftheChunnel(  )4.Thetextcanmostprobablybe________.A.foundinaguidebookB.readinamagazineC.broadcastonatrainD.heardinarailwaystationn此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。专题限时训练(二十三) [史地自然型阅读理解(一)](一)【要点综述】一个国家、一个地区地形的形成是一个漫长的过程,在这个过程中风、水、火、冰等对地貌的形成起了重要的作用。本文以美国的theGrandCanyon为例说明了大自然的力量。1.C 主旨大意题。作者在此想通过theGrandCanyon的形成过程告诉我们大自然的力量。2.D 3.B 词义猜测题。ButHarryR.Trumanwouldnotleavehishome,接下来文章说Nowitiscoveredwithmanyfeetofdirtyash,因此it在这里指Harry’shome。4.A 推断判断题。当华盛顿州的圣劳伦斯火山爆发时,TownsandfieldsinWashington,Oregon,andIdahowerecoveredwithdirtygrayash,由此我们推断Washington,Oregon以及Idaho是三个相邻的州。(二)1.B 细节理解题。倒数第二、三段ItbecameanAmericanterritoryin1900.和ThatwasthreeyearsaftertheUnitedStatessetupanavalbaseatPearlHarbor可知。2.A 词义猜测题。结合语境可知ousted此处意为“驱逐”,A项“强行驱逐”与之意义一致。3.C 事实排序题。按照文中的时间和事件顺序即可选出答案。(三)1.B 细节理解题。由第二段中ItconnectsCheritoninKent,EnglandwithSangatteinnorthernFrance.可知答案为B项。2.A 细节理解题。文中第五段Eachtrackisexactlyparalleltoeachother.可知三个隧道是相互平行的,所以排除C和D。又由Thetwooutsideonesarethepassengertrains.Thesmallinneroneisaguidancetrain.可知外边的两个大,中间的一个小。故判断正确答案为A。3.B 细节理解题。文中倒数第二段TheEurotunnelshuttleisarailferryservice.Theseshuttlescarrycarsandvans.Thesearerailcarsthatallowdriverstodrivetheirvehiclesonandoff.知正确答案为B。4.C 推理判断题。开篇第一句“Choo,Choo!”HerecomestheChunneltrain.从火车的汽笛声以及结尾句“Everybodyoff,thisisthelaststop.”可判断C为正确答案。
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