2022版新教材高考英语一轮总复习课时质量评价1必修第一册WELCOMEUNIT含解析新人教版20210623289

ID:75875200

大小:110.00 KB

页数:10页

时间:2022-01-13

当前文档最多预览五页,下载文档查看全文

此文档下载收益归作者所有

温馨提示:
1. 部分包含数学公式或PPT动画的文件,查看预览时可能会显示错乱或异常,文件下载后无此问题,请放心下载。
2. 本文档由用户上传,版权归属用户,天天文库负责整理代发布。如果您对本文档版权有争议请及时联系客服。
3. 下载前请仔细阅读文档内容,确认文档内容符合您的需求后进行下载,若出现内容与标题不符可向本站投诉处理。
4. 下载文档时可能由于网络波动等原因无法下载或下载错误,付费完成后未能成功下载的用户请联系客服处理。
网站客服:3074922707
  

《2022版新教材高考英语一轮总复习课时质量评价1必修第一册WELCOMEUNIT含解析新人教版20210623289》由会员上传分享,免费在线阅读,更多相关内容在教育资源-天天文库

1、课时质量评价(一)必修第一册 WELCOMEUNITA组·基础巩固Ⅰ.语法填空AHowareyougettingalongwithyourseniorhighschool?Itmaybehardforyouasthisisthefirsttimethatyou1.________(leave)yourparents.Iknowthatyouarenowhavingtrouble2.________(communicate)withothers,andyoumayoftenfeellonely.That"s3.________youarenewhereandpeopledon"tknowaboutyou.ButIthinkyoucanovercome

2、thedifficultyifyoucanfollowtheadvicebelow.First,youshouldattachgreat4.________(important)totakinganactivepartinthediscussionsandshowyourownopinionsaboutthematters,andatthesametime,learntolistentootherpeople"sviews5.________(careful).Second,youshouldlearnaboutyourclassmates"likesanddislikes,6.________canmakeyougetfamiliarwithth

3、em.Onlyinthiswaycanyougettoknowmore7.________(difference)peopleandshowthemthatyouarejustasfriendly.Lastbutnotleast,I"malwaysherereadytohelp.Wecantakepartinsome8.________(activity)togetherandIcanintroduceyoutoothers.There"snoneed9.________(worry)toomuch;peoplewillknowyoumoreverysoonandwillliketomakefriends10.________youifyoucan

4、doastheabove.【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。如何在高中和同学们相处呢?本文提供了几点建议,如:积极参加讨论发表见解,了解同学们的喜好等。1.haveleft 考查时态。在This/Itisthefirsttimethat...句型中,that后面的句子要用现在完成时。2.communicating 考查非谓语动词。havetroubledoingsth.做某事有麻烦。3.because 考查连词。根据语境可知,后面说的是原因,所以填because。4.importance 考查名词。根据前面的great可知,此处填名词形式。5.carefully 考查副词。所填的词修饰动词,所以用副词形式。6.which 考查非谓语动词。所填的词在非限制性定语从句中作主语

5、,所以填which。7.different 考查形容词。所填的词修饰名词,所以用形容词形式。8.activities 考查名词复数。activity是可数名词,根据some可知要用其复数形式。9.toworry 考查非谓语动词。Thereisnoneedtodosth.做某事没有必要。10.with 考查介词。makefriendswith和……交朋友。Bn(2020·全国重点中学模拟)The2020NobelPeacePrize1.________(go)totheUNWorldFoodProgramme(WFP)onFriday,9October2020.Theagencywasrecognisedforitseffortstofighthunger,forit

6、scontributionto2.________(improve)conditionsforpeaceinconflictaffectedareasandforactingasadrivingforcetopreventtheuseofhunger3.    aweaponofwarandconflict.TheeffortsofWFPfocusonemergencyassistance,developmentaidandspecialoperations,twothirdsof4.________aremadeinconflictaffectedcountries.Inthosecountries,peoplearethreetimesmorelikelytosu

7、fferpoornutrition5.________thoselivingincountrieswithoutconflictdo.DavidBeasley,WFPExecutiveDirector,saidthe6.________(announce)madebytheNorwegianNobelCommitteeturnedtheglobalspotlightonthe690millionpeople7.________(expose)toseverelevelsoffoodinsecurity.“Everyoneofthemhastherighttolivepeacefullyandwithouthunger.”MrBeasleyalsonotedthatth

8、eNobelPeacePrizewasnot8.________(simple)WFP"s.Hesaid,“WFPworkscloselywithgovernments,organisationsandindividualswhoseloveforhelpinghungrypeopleequals9.________(we).Wecouldnotpossiblyhelpanyonewithoutthem.Andthedailyworkofourmembers10.________(drive)byourcorevaluesofintegrity(诚实正直)andhumanity.”【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了联合国世界粮食计划署获得了2020

9、年诺贝尔和平奖。1.went 根据句中的时间状语“onFriday,9October2020”可知此处描述发生在过去的动作。应用一般过去时。2.improving 此处指在改善受冲突影响的地区的和平条件方面的贡献。to在此为介词,故用动词的ing形式作宾语。3.as 此处指防止饥饿被用作战争和冲突的武器。根据句意可知,应填as。4.which 此处是“数词+介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句,修饰先行词Theefforts,关系代词指物,故用which。5.than 分析句子结构可知,空处引导比较状语从句,故用连词than。6.announcement 根据句意及空前的the可知,此处应用名词作宾语从句的主语,故填announcement。7.exposed expose

10、“使面临,使遭受”与其逻辑主语the690millionpeople之间是动宾关系,应用过去分词作后置定语,故填exposed。8.simply 此处表示“不仅仅”,修饰动词应用副词,故填simply。9.oursn 句意:世界粮食计划署与政府、组织和个人密切合作,他们对帮助饥民的热爱不亚于我们。空处在句中作宾语,指ourloveforhelpinghungrypeople,应用名词性物主代词,故填ours。10.isdriven 此处陈述客观情况,应用一般现在时;drive与句子主语thedailywork之间是被动关系,应用被动语态;句子主语thedailywork不可数,谓语动词应用第三人称单数形式。故填isdriven。Ⅱ.根据提示补全句子1.昨天我们在海滩

11、上玩得多开心呀!(what感叹句式)What_a_good_time_we_hadonthebeachyesterday!2.如果她发现你把她的书丢了怎么办?(Whatif...?)What_if_she_finds_outthatyou"velostherbook?3.我坐在教室里做试卷时感到信心十足、精力旺盛。(状语从句的省略)While_sitting_in_the_classroomanddoingmypapers,Ifeltconfidentandwasfullofenergy.4.那位新老师以丰富的知识和幽默的语言给学生留下了很好的印象。(impression)Thenewteachermade/left_a_good_impression_on

12、thestudentsbyherrichknowledgeandhumoroustalk.5.如果你将全部精力集中在英语学习上,你将会掌握这门语言。(concentrate)Ifyouconcentrate_all_your_energies_on_studying_English,_youwillmasterthelanguage.B组·能力提升Ⅰ.阅读理解A(2020·山东临沂、枣庄6月模拟)Middleschoolischallengingforsomanyreasons—academicsubjectsbecomemoredifficult,schedulesfillupwithactivities,and,inwhatmightbethemostchalle

13、ngingareaforkidsandparentsalike,friendshipschange.Friendshipschangeovertime,notjustbecauseourchildrenevolve,butbecausetheverynatureoffriendshipevolveswiththem.Thebestparentsshouldlearntoletgosothattheirchildrencansucceedintheirtween(10至12岁之间的少年)friendships.Earlyinchildhood,ourchildren"sfriendshipsariseoutofclosenessandhabits.Wethro

14、wourkidsintothesandboxwithourfriends"kids,andthisarrangementnworksforeveryone.Askidsgetolder,however,theybegintobuildemotionalconnectionswithfriendsbasedonsimilarity.Theirsharedinterests,dreams,andgoalsbegintoedgeoutmereconvenience.Whentheybecometweens,friendshipsbecomemuchmorecomplex,andforgoodreason.Tweensusefriendshipsasawaytot

15、ryonanidentity.Theybegintobuildfriendshipsbasedonnewpriorities.Alltoooften,theshiftingsandsoftweenfriendshipresultinbrokenhearts.Tweensfeelabandonedandbetrayedasfriendsmovebackandforthbetweencomfortableoldrelationshipsandexcitingnewones.Asanyparentknows,ourownpersonalheartachehurts,butthesecondhandheartbreakweexperiencethroughourchildre

16、nismuchmorepainful,mainlybecauseit"soutofcontrol.Theurgetomeddle(干涉),tosaveandheal,ispowerful,andwhilemeddlingaroundintweensocialcontactmaymakeusfeelbetter,wemuststayoutofit.Tweensmovefromonerelationshiptoanother,adoptingthisdetailofafriend"spersonality,abandoningthatcharacteristicofanother,untiltheyhavecollectedtheessentialel

17、ementsoftheiridentity.Somerelationshipswillsurvivethisprocess,andsomewillnot,buteveryoneisanimportantphaseofthejourney.Wemaynotloveeveryoutfit(服装)ourtweenstryon,butit"sourjobtobetherewhentheyemergefromthedressingroom,whentheydoalittletwirl(转圈)andwaitforustotellthemhowgrownuptheyhavebecome.1.What"sthemainideaofthesecondparagrap

18、h?A.Friendshipbecomescomplexineveryperiodoftime.B.Reasonsforfriendshipbuildingvaryindifferentphases.C.Tweensbegintobuildfriendshipsbasedonthenewpriorities.D.Importantelementsoffriendshipareneededinchildren"slife.2.WhatdoestheunderlinedpartinParagraph3mean?A.Friendshipsareoutofcontrol.B.Tweensfeelabandonedandbetrayed.C.Friendsmoveto

19、excitingnewrelationships.D.Friendshipschangefromonetoanotheramongtweens.3.Whatshouldparentsdowhentweensfeelpainabouttheirsocialcontact?A.Theyshouldblamethem.B.Theyshouldhelptobringtheirchildrenundercontrol.C.Theyshouldbethereandsupportthem.D.Theyshouldmeddlearoundintweensocialcontact.n4.Whichisthebesttitleforthepassage?A.ChangeofRelati

20、onshipsAmongTweensB.ParentinginFriendshipsAmongTweensC.HowtoBuildFriendshipsAmongTweensD.TheNatureofFriendshipsAmongTweens【语篇解读】本文是一篇议论文。中学阶段是一个充满挑战的时期,但是对父母和少年来说,最大的挑战来自友谊的变化。少年因友谊的变化而受伤害,在这种情况下,父母扮演着重要的角色,文中给出了父母应该如何做的建议。1.B 段落大意题。根据第二段中的“Earlyinchildhood,ourchildren"sfriendshipsariseoutofclosenessandhabits.”“Askidsgetolder,howev

21、er,theybegintobuildemotionalconnectionswithfriendsbasedonsimilarity.”“Whentheybecometweens,friendshipsbecomemuchmorecomplex,andforgoodreason.”可知,本段主要论述了在不同的年龄阶段,建立友谊的原因是不同的。2.D 词义猜测题。根据第二段中的“Wethrowourkidsintothesandboxwithourfriends"kids,andthisarrangementworksforeveryone.”和第三段中的“asfriendsmovebackandforthbetweencomfortableoldrelat

22、ionshipsandexcitingnewones”可知,sands在此代指朋友,画线部分表示少年时期朋友的转变,即友谊的转变,故D项能解释画线部分。3.C 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“andwhilemeddlingaroundintweensocialcontactmaymakeusfeelbetter,wemuststayoutofit”和最后一段中的“Wemaynotloveeveryoutfitourtweenstryon,butit"sourjobtobetherewhentheyemergefromthedressingroom,whentheydoalittletwirl(转圈)andwaitforustotellthemhowgrownu

23、ptheyhavebecome.”可知,当孩子因为社交而难过时,父母的正确做法是不干涉,在他们身边支持他们。4.B 标题归纳题。通读全文内容可知,文章首先论述了中学时期少年之间友谊的微妙变化以及这一变化对他们的影响,接着给出了在这种情况下父母应该如何做的建议,故B项概括了文章的主要内容,用作文章标题最合适。BI"monthephonewithafrustratedcustomer,andanoteappearsonmycomputerscreen:Youarespeakingslowerthanusual.Speedup.Ido,andthemessagedisappears,onlytobereplacedwithanother:ContinuousSpe

24、aking—Finishyourthought.ThisisCogito,anartificialintelligenceprogrammedesignedtohelpcustomerserviceworkerscommunicatemoreclearly,empathise(产生共鸣)withfrustratedcallers,andimprovetheiroverallperformance.Cogitolistenstothetone,pitch,nwordfrequencyandotherfactorsincustomerserviceconversations.Whenitdetectssomethingwrong—anirritated(被激怒的)cus

25、tomer,acallcentreagenttakingtoolongtorespond—itdisplaysanoteontheagent"scomputertellingthemhowtoimprove.Foranyonewho"sspenthoursoftheirlivesstuckonthephonewithanunhelpfulorveryrudecustomerserviceagent,Cogitomayseemlikeagodsend.Andsomecustomerserviceagentsusingthesoftwaregenerallysaytheyfindithelpful.OneemployeesaysthatCogitohe

26、lpedhercutheraveragecalltimenearlyinhalf,whileanothersaysithelpedherspeakingslowdown.CogitohasbeenlaunchedtomorethansixtycallcentresacrosstheUSoverthepastyear.Thecompanybehindthesoftware,CogitoInc.,hasraisedmorethan$70million.“Wewere45peopleayearago,”saysCogitoCEOJoshFeast,whosecompanynowhas150employees.AtMetLife,managerssaythattheprogr

27、ammeimprovedcustomersatisfactionby13%,andhelpedagents(whotakeanaverageof700callsaweek)tohavemore“human”conversations.SuchsoftwareasCogitoisunlikelytostopatthemeetingroom.Butlikeotherenterprisesoftware,itcouldsoonspreadwellbeyondcallcentresandotherofficesandintoourdailylives.5.What"sthepurposeofCogitoprogramme?A.Tospeedupcustomerser

28、viceworkers"speaking.B.Tostoretheconversationsbetweencustomersandagents.C.Toimprovecustomerserviceagents"communicationwithcallers.D.Tocomplainoffrustratedcallers.6.WhatcanweinferaboutCogitoinParagraph4?A.Cogitohasbeenusedbysixtycallcentresintheworld.B.ThecompanybehindthesoftwarebenefitsalotfromCogito.C.JoshFeastdesignedCogitow

29、iththehelpofemployees.D.Customersweren"tsatisfiedwithMetLife"sservicewithoutCogito.7.What"sthefutureofCogitoaccordingtothetext?A.It"llbepartofournormaldaytodaylife.B.It"llspreadintootheroffices.C.It"lltellhumanswhattodo.D.It"llreplacecustomerserviceagents.8.Whereisthetextmostlikelyfrom?nA.Anovel.B.Abr

30、ochure.C.Aguidebook.D.Amagazine.【语篇解读】本文是一篇科研报道。一家公司发明了一款人工智能软件,可以通过电脑分析客户服务人员和顾客的语速、语调以及说话人的情绪,适时给出建议,提高客服人员的沟通能力。5.C 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句“ThisisCogito,anartificialintelligenceprogrammedesignedtohelpcustomerserviceworkerscommunicatemoreclearly,empathize(产生共鸣)withfrustratedcallers,andimprovetheiroverallperformance.”可知,这款人工智能程序的目的在于帮助客服人员更清晰地沟

31、通,与恼火的来电者产生共鸣,从而提高他们的整体表现。注意题干、正确选项与原文中一些词汇的呼应现象。题干中的purpose与原文的designed相呼应。6.B 推理判断题。根据第四段第二句“Thecompanybehindthesoftware,CogitoInc.,hasraisedmorethan$70million.”可知,发明这个软件的公司赚了7000多万美元,因此可推断出这个软件给公司带来了很大的利润。7.A 细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“...itcouldsoonspreadwellbeyondcallcentresandotherofficesandintoourdailylives.”可推出A项切题。8.D 文章出处题。全文围绕人工智能软件Cogit

32、o来展开说明,介绍了这款智能软件的研发目的以及工作原理,并从各个不同的角度说明了它带来的好处,最后展望了Cogito的发展前景,由此可推断出本文讨论的是和科学技术相关的话题,最有可能出现在杂志上。Ⅱ.完形填空IneverexpectedtogototheUniversityofMichigan.IgrewupinasmallMidwesterntownwherecollegewasn"t1byanymeans.Manystudentsenteredtheworkplace2outofhighschool.Foralongtime,that"swhereIthoughtIwould3.Atsomepointduringmysenioryear,Ist

33、arted4everywhere,justbecauseIwantedtoseewhereIwouldget.IhadtherequiredgradesandtheACT(AmericanCollegeTesting)scores,butIcamefromatownofnowhere.Soyoucanimaginethe5ofemotionsIhadwhenIreceivedabigenvelopeinthemailwiththeword“6!”writtenacrossthetop.Nowthatopportunitywasopentome,Idecidedtogo.Ihadreceived7aidandscholarships,whichIthoughtwasa8

34、factor(因素)inthedecision.Butmyparentsdidn"tseeattendingcollegeasanopportunityformetofulfillmy9.IoftenfeltIwaslacking10.Ididtheapplicationallbymyself.Aftermovingtocollege,Ididtwojobsandpaidformy11andbills.nLookingbackonitnow,Ifeelthatitwasn"t12tobeselfreliant.Butinthelongrun,I13thelackofsupportIhadatsuchakeypointinmylife,whicht

35、aughtmetobe14andresponsibleinhardtimes,togobeyond15andtotrythingsIneverthoughtIwouldeverbeabletotry.Ibelievethat"swhatcollegeisallabout.1.A.expected    B.enviedC.admiredD.afforded2.A.straightB.randomlyC.lateD.happily3.A.workupB.putupC.endupD.pickup4.A.deliveringB.applyingC.registeringD.competing5.A.anxietyB.reliefC.calmnessD.confli

36、ct6.A.WishesB.RegardsC.CheersD.Congratulations7.A.financialB.spiritualC.academicD.parents"8.A.boringB.drivingC.discouragingD.promising9.A.moralB.survivalC.potentialD.confidence10.A.supportB.courageC.motivationD.concern11.A.feastsB.necessitiesC.seminarsD.majors12.A.hardB.rightC.easyD.awkward13.A.ignoreB.appreciateC.supportD.disappro

37、ve14.A.independentB.easygoingC.honestD.considerate15.A.recognitionB.descriptionnC.controlD.expectations【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述了作者通过回忆自己大学时艰苦的日子,感受到自力更生很不易的故事。作者不仅顺利地完成了大学的学业,也从这段经历中学会了在艰难的时刻,要做一个独立并有责任感的人,要敢于尝试自己从未想过会去尝试的事情。1.A 根据上句“IneverexpectedtogototheUniversityofMichigan.”可知,在作者长大的小镇上,(人们)绝不会期待去上大学。expect意为“期待;指望”,符合语境。故选A。2.A 根据上句“

38、IgrewupinasmallMidwesterntownwherecollegewasn"t1byanymeans.”可知,在作者长大的地方,去上大学无论如何都不是一件被期待的事,由此可推知,很多学生读完高中,就立即去工作了。straight意为“立即;直接”,符合语境。故选A。3.C 根据上文中的“Manystudentsenteredtheworkplace...”可知,很长一段时间,作者以为自己最终也会这样度过一辈子。endup意为“最终处于”,符合语境。故选C。4.B 根据空后的“justbecauseIwantedtoseewhereIwouldget”和第三段中的“Ididtheapplicationallbymyself.”可知,此处指作者开

39、始到处申请大学。apply意为“申请;应用”,符合语境。故选B。5.D 根据上句中的“butIcamefromatownofnowhere”可知,作者因为自己来自一个无名之地,以为自己没有办法上大学,所以当收到录取通知书时,各种情感的冲突随之而来。conflict意为“冲突,矛盾”,符合语境。故选D。6.D 根据常识可知,作者收到了大学录取通知书,上面一般会写着“祝贺你!”congratulations意为“祝贺”,符合语境。故选D。7.A 根据下文中的“Ididtwojobsandpaidformy11andbills”可知,作者的家庭并不是很富裕,上大学需要经济支持。financial意为“财政的,财务的”,符合语境。故选A。8.B 根据语境可知,作者获得了经济支

40、持和奖学金,他认为这是令他做出去读大学这个决定的推动因素。driving意为“驱动的;推动的”,符合语境。故选B。9.C 根据语境和常识可知,上大学应是发挥其潜能。potential意为“潜力;潜能”,符合语境。故选C。10.A 根据下句“Ididtheapplicationallbymyself.”和最后一段中的“thelackofsupport”可知,作者缺乏支持。support意为“支持”,符合语境。故选A。11.B 根据空前的“Ididtwojobs”可知,作者打两份工,用来支付自己的生活必需品和账单。necessity意为“必需品”,符合语境。故选B。12.C 根据上文的讲述可知,作者回首往事时,感觉自力更生很不容易,故选C。13.B 根据空后的“which

41、taughtmetobe14andresponsibleinhardntimes”可知,从长远来看,作者感激自己当时缺乏支持。appreciate意为“感激”,符合语境。故选B。14.A 根据上文提到作者独立申请大学,以及上学时打两份工用来支付自己的生活必需品和账单可知,作者学会了独立。independent意为“独立的”,符合语境。故选A。15.D 根据第一段第一句“IneverexpectedtogototheUniversityofMichigan.”可知,作者尝试了超出自己预期的事情。beyondexpectations意为“超出预期”,符合语境。故选D。

关闭