2022版新教材高考英语一轮总复习课时质量评价16必修第三册UNIT5THEVALUEOFMONEY含解析新人教版20210623296

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《2022版新教材高考英语一轮总复习课时质量评价16必修第三册UNIT5THEVALUEOFMONEY含解析新人教版20210623296》由会员上传分享,免费在线阅读,更多相关内容在教育资源-天天文库

1、课时质量评价(十六)必修第三册 UNIT5 THEVALUEOFMONEYA组·基础巩固Ⅰ.语法填空AWhatyouspendratherthanwhatyouearn1.________(help)todeterminehowcontentyouarewithlife,anewstudysays.ResearchfromtheOfficeforNationalStatisticsfoundspendingonhotels,restaurantsandhouseholdfurnishingswasassociatedwithlifesatisfaction.2.________(unsurprising),

2、spendingoninsuranceandmobilephoneswasnot.ButtheONSsaidthatoverallspendingandincomematteredlessthanpersonalcircumstanceswhen3.________(measure)lifesatisfaction.Goodhealth,maritalstatus(婚姻状况)andeconomicactivityhadthestrongestassociationswithhowpositivelylifesatisfactionisrated.Itsanalysisfoundthatagealsomatt

3、ered:theyounghave4.________(high)lifesatisfactionthanthoseintheir40sbutlifesatisfactionrisesagaininlateryears,beforefallingagainforthoseintheir80s.Living5.________(condition)werealsoimportant.Thosewhoowntheirhomesthinktheirlifesatisfactionishigherthan6.________inpoverty.Butwhilespendingismoreimportantthani

4、ncome,householdswith7.________incomeofbetween£24,000and£44,000wouldfeelmore8.________(satisfy)iftheirincomeincreased,theONSfound.TheONSsaid:“Thereisnoevidenceofasignificantassociationbetweenhouseholdincome9.________lifesatisfactionoverallafteraccountingforothercharacteristics,suchasage,10.________(marry)an

5、dsoon.”【语篇解读】本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。文章叙述了一项新的研究,分析了为什么你的花费而不是收入决定你对生活的满意度。1.helps 考查主谓一致。分析句子成分可知,本句的主语是“Whatyouspend”,谓语动词要用单数,本句叙述的是客观事实,要用一般现在时,故填helps。2.Unsurprisingly 考查副词。空格在句中作状语,修饰一个句子,要用副词形式,因为此词在句首,第一个字母要大写,故填Unsurprisingly。3.measuring 考查非谓语动词。空格处的动词的逻辑主语是总体支出和收入(overallspendingandincome),与动词measure二者之间是主动关系

6、,要用动词ing形式。4.higher 考查比较级。根据后面的“than”,可知此处要用比较级,故填higher。5.conditionsn 考查名词。根据后面的系动词(were),可知,本空要用复数形式,故填conditions。6.those 考查代词。根据语境可知,此句是一些人对另一些人的对比。根据上下文可知,本空是代词,填those恰当。7.an 考查不定冠词。句中的名词income是收入,可作可数名词,income以元音音素开头,故填an。8.satisfied 考查形容词。空格处在句中作表语,修饰收入增加的人们,修饰人一般要用ed形式的形容词,“satisfied”意为“满意的”。9.and 

7、考查固定搭配。between...and...意为“在……和……之间”,故填and。10.marriage 考查名词。分析句子成分可知,空格处要填名词,与age并列,故填名词marriage。BManypeopletaketheideaofsavingmoneyveryseriously.Backin1924,inItaly,agroupofpeople1.________(think)theinabilitytoresistspendingamajorsocialproblem.Theyhadtheideaofstartingadaytoremindpeopletoputawaysomemoneyfora

8、rainyday.ThisishowWorldSavingsDay,heldonOct.31st2.________(annual),wasstarted,andit"sstillgoingstrong.Notsurprisingly,amovement3.________(target)thepoorwasstarted.Peopleintheunderdevelopedworldaremoreopen4.________callstobecarefulwithmoney.But5.________ideaofbeingthrifty(节俭)hasalsobecomepopularamongth

9、erich.TakeMarkZuckerbergforexample.TheFacebookfounder,oneoftheworld"s6.________(rich)people,doesn"tspendverymuchmoneyonhimself.Otherpeopledon"tspendmoneybecausetheydon"tlikethecultureof7.________(consume).Thisisconnectedtotheview8.________weshouldmakeourselveshappythroughtheactivitieswe

10、takepartinratherthanwithwhatwebuy.Buthoweverweviewmoney,moderatespendingiscertainlyagoodideawhenwearestilltooyoungtogetajob.ThereisaBritishsayingthat9.________(offer)somegoodadviceinthissituation:“Lookafterthepennies,andthepoundswilllookafter10.________(they).”【语篇解读】本文是一篇说明文。很多人都非常重视储蓄的想法。文章主要介绍了穷人和富人的消费观念

11、,指出不管怎样,适度地消费当然是个好主意。1.thought考查动词时态。根据上文中的“Backin1924”可知,描述的是过去发生的事情,应用一般过去时,故填thought。2.annually考查副词。修饰动词held应用副词,故填annually。3.targetingn 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,target在句中应用非谓语动词形式,且movement与动词target之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,故用现在分词在句中作定语,故填targeting。4.to 考查介词。beopento表示“愿意接受”,符合题意,故填to。5.the 考查冠词。idea为可数名词,此处特指“节俭的观念”应用定冠词,

12、故填the。6.richest考查最高级。表示“世界上最富有的”应用形容词的最高级形式,故填richest。7.consumption 考查名词。本空前的“thecultureof”为无生命名词所有格,因此应填不可数名词consumption,故填consumption。8.that 考查名词性从句连接词。本句是同位语从句,从句中不缺少成分,且句意完整,应该用that引导,故填that。9.offers 考查主谓一致。定语从句中,谓语动词与先行词“aBritishsaying”保持一致,且此处陈述的是客观事实,应用一般现在时,故谓语动词用第三人称单数形式,故填offers。10.themselves 考查代

13、词。“Lookafterthepennies,andthepoundswilllookafterthemselves.”表示“积少成多。”指代主语pounds应用反身代词themselves,故填themselves。Ⅱ.根据提示补全句子1.这是我第一次写申请做志愿者,所以很兴奋。(Itisthefirsttimethat...)It_is_the_first_time_that_I_have_writtenanapplicationtobeavolunteer,soIamsoexcited.2.我正要走进那家超市,突然听到有人叫我的名字。(beabouttodo...when)Iwas_about_to_

14、enter_the_supermarket_whenIheardmynamecalled.3.在村里时,我哥哥和村民们分享一切并且不要任何回报。(inreturn)Whilestayinginthevillage,mybrothersharedwhateverhehadwiththevillagerswithout_asking_for_anything_in_return.4.白求恩大夫挽救了那么多中国士兵的生命,以至于他被中国人民永远地记住了。(so...that...)DoctorBethunesavedso_many_Chinese_soldiers_thathewasrememberedbythe

15、Chineseforever.5.英国朋友们追求的是中国文化。(强调句型)It_is_the_Chinese_culture_thattheBritishfriendsarecomingfor.B组·能力提升nⅠ.阅读理解RememberThe100MileDiet.Thatwasin2007.EnglishenvironmentalactivistRosalindReadheadisdoingsomethingmuchtougher:aOneTonneDiet,whereshegetsherpersonalcarbonfootprint(碳足迹)fromeverythingshedoesdowntole

16、ssthanonetonneofcarbonperyear.Currently,theaverageAmericanhasafootprintof28tonnes,andtheaverageUKcitizen15tonnes.Herprojectinspiresmanypeople,andunavoidably,it"squestioned.“It"svirtuallyunattainableforanindividualinthedevelopedworldtoevengetdowntoathreetonnelifestyleanytimesoon,”saysEric,anothere

17、nvironmentalactivist.“TheaimistoattempttoliveononetonneofcarbonperyearfromSeptember2019.IrecordeverythingthatIconsumeinajournal.Thisincludesfood,drink,transport,entertainment,data,showers,heatingetc,”Readheadwritesonherwebsite.“Interestingly,thislowcarbondietisalsolowcalorieandlesscostly.Isavemoneyunexpect

18、edly,andbecomehealthierforavoidinghighcaloriefoodsthatcouldmakeusoverweighteasily,suchas,alargecheeseburger,withafootprintof2.5kgCO2,etc.”MuchofherdatacomesfromProfessorMikeBernersLee"sbookHowBadAreBananas?:TheCarbonFootprintofEverything.Intheintroduction,BernersLeesayshehashadfirsthandexperienceofate

19、ntonnediet,andhopesthebookmotivatesotherstoaimforthat.Sowhatisthepointofsuchanexercise?BernersLeenotesthat“ourimpactsusedtobelocalandvisible.Todaytheyarenot”.Livinghistentonnedietmakesthemvisibleandcomprehensible.Aonetonnelifestyleisatoughexperiment,butwecouldalldobetterbythinkingabouthowwelive,byhavingase

20、nseofscaleandunderstandingthesourcesofourownfootprints,andmaybeeventryingtoachieveBernersLee"stentonnelifestyle.Tellwhatisimportantandworkourwaydownthelist.Otherwise,readRosalindReadhead"spostsandfeelreallyguilty!1.WhatdoesEricthinkofReadhead"sonetonnelifestyle?A.Impractical.   B.Inspiring.C

21、.Popular.D.Useless.2.WhatbonusdoesReadheadgetwithherOneTonneDiet?A.Losingweight.B.Cuttingdailyexpenses.C.Savingtime.nD.Reducingherfootprint.3.WhydoesBernersLeewritethebook?A.Toprovidepeoplewithdataoncarbonfootprints.B.Tosharehisexperienceofatentonnediet.C.Toencouragepeopletotryalowcarbonlifestyle.D.Totell

22、peoplehowtocalculatetheirfootprint.4.Whatdoestheauthorsuggestinthelastparagraph?A.Goaftertheseriousstufffirst.B.ReadReadhead"spostsagain.C.FollowBernersLee"sexample.D.Getdowntoaonetonnelifestyle.【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了一位英国环保活动家尝试每年一吨的低碳生活方式,作者自己深受鼓舞,号召我们节约能源,减少碳排放。1.A 推理判断题。根据第一段中的“It"svirtuall

23、yunattainableforanindividualinthedevelopedworldtoevengetdowntoathreetonnelifestyleanytimesoon...”可知,Eric认为在如今发达的世界,三吨的生活方式几乎是不可能实现的,暗指RosalindReadhead的一吨生活方式是不切实际的,impractical“不切实际的,不现实的”。故选A。2.B 细节理解题。根据第二段的内容,尤其是“Interestingly,thislowcarbondietisalsolowcalorieandlesscostly.Isavemoneyunexpectedly...”可知,Re

24、adhead在实行一吨生活方式时,把日常所有的碳消耗活动记录下来,有趣的是,这种生活方式是低热量并且花费更少的,她在这一过程中意外节省了日常开支。3.C 推理判断题。根据第三段中的“BernersLeesayshehashadfirsthandexperienceofatentonnediet,andhopesthebookmotivatesotherstoaimforthat.”可知,BernersLee写作这本书的目的是鼓励人们尝试一种低碳的生活方式。4.A 细节理解题。根据最后一段的内容,尤其是“Aonetonnelifestyleis...thinkingabouthowwelive”和“Tellw

25、hatisimportantandworkourwaydownthelist”可知,作者建议我们思考自己的生活,先辨别哪些是重要的事情然后步步努力。故A项符合题意。Ⅱ.七选五TeachChildrentheValueofMoneyAswe"removingtowardsamorecashlesssocietyandrealpocketmoneyisbecomingincreasinglyunpopular,childrenincreasinglynolongerunderstandthevalueofphysicalmoneyandsimpletaskssuchasworkingouthowman

26、ycoinsareneededtobuyatoyorsweetswillbecomeoutofuse.Educationaroundmoneymanagementandnestablishinghealthymoneyhabitsatayoungagehavebecomeevenmorevital. 1 Startwithplanninganactivitytogetherandthendefineabudget.Then,researchwhatthingsyouwillbuy,workoutwhichitemsmaybebettertobuy.Asyoucarryouteachpartoftheact

27、ivity,makesuretosaveallthereceipts,andthenevaluateifyoumanagedtostaywithin,orbrokeyourbudget. 2 Givingyourchildrenorencouragingthemtosuggestaregularchorecanberewardedwithsomepocketmoney. 3 Forexample,14yearoldsareoftenmakingtheirownbeds,sointroducingarewardforsucha“chore”isnotagoodidea,however,emptyingthed

28、ishwashermightbejustrightforanineyearold.Thesetypesofchoreswillhelpthemtogetanunderstandingofearningmoneyandtherelationshipbetweentime,effortandmoney.Educatechildrenthroughencouragementbypavingthewayforthemtoactontheirowncuriosityandinterest. 4 Comingupwithanddoingactivitiesordaytodaytaskstogetherwithyourc

29、hildren,isnotonlymuchmoreenjoyableforyourchildren,butitalsohelpsthemtobecomemoreconfidentanddecisiveaboutmakingtheirowndecisionsaboutsavings,interestrates,orallowances. 5 Thatisboundtopavethewaytobreakingthetrendoffinancialilliteracy.A.Thatisoneofthemostimportantfactorsforlearning.B.Involvethemineverydaymo

30、neymanagementactivities.C.Thiscanbedonewithrealmoneyoradigitalpiggybank.D.Givingyourchildregularpocketmoney,bigenoughtocoverbasicwants.E.Theywillbecomemorefinanciallyindependentandwisertoonlinespending.F.Suchachorebeyondwhatisconsideredtobedoneatacertainageisthebest.G.Thispracticeofsettingabudgetisveryusef

31、ulandfunforbothparentsandchildren.【语篇解读】本文是一篇议论文。文章介绍了在现金支付不再是主流支付方式的社会,应该如何教孩子意识到金钱的价值和教育孩子学习关于金钱管理的方法。1.B 前一句说到,教育孩子金钱管理和建立良好的金钱习惯变得更加重要。下一句说,从和孩子一起计划一个活动,制订一个预算开始。可知此空承上启下,应该表示通过使孩子参与到相关活动中,教育他们进行金钱管理。故选B。2.G 根据此空前一句:当你们实施活动的每一部分时,确保留下所有的收据,然后评价你们是否成功做到(花费)在预算之内,还是超出了预算。可以看出这个过程对准确地进行预算有帮助。此空承接上文,因此,应该表

32、示这么做的好处是什么。故选G。3.Fn 此空前一句建议让孩子做家务,然后给他们零花钱。此空后一句举例,14岁的孩子常常整理自己的床铺,因此为这样的家务提供奖励不是一个好主意,然而,清空、整理洗碗机可能对9岁的孩子刚好合适。此空承上启下,应该表示建议孩子承担什么样的家务,根据下一句可知,稍微超出孩子本可以做到的家务是好的。故选F。4.A 由前文可知,稍微有难度的家务可以帮助孩子理解赚钱的意义和时间、努力与金钱之间的关系。要通过鼓励教育孩子,为他们根据自己的好奇心和兴趣采取行动创造条件(铺平道路)。此空承接上文,因此,此空应该解释这种做法对学习金钱管理的意义。故选A。5.E 此空前一句讲到,和孩子一起实施活动

33、,做任务,对孩子们来说不仅是一种享受,也帮助他们变得更加自信,使他们能果敢地决定有关存款、利率或者免税额的问题。此空承接上文,应该继续讲这个方法对培养孩子金钱管理方面的好处。故选E。Ⅲ.应用文写作(2021·全国重点中学模拟)假定你是李华,你校交换生Chris熟悉中国文化,喜欢看动漫。动漫电影《姜子牙(LegendofDeification)》将于下周日在你校放映。请你根据以下提示,用英语给Chris写一封电子邮件,邀请他一起观看。1.提出邀请并简述原因;2.约定见面时间和地点;3.提出观影后的活动建议。注意:1.词数80左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.开头及结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。De

34、arChris,Howiseverything?___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Bestwishes.Yours,LiHua【参考范文】DearChris,Ho

35、wiseverything?Ihavegoodnewstotellyou.AnewanimatedfilmnamedLegendofDeificationwillbeshownonourschoolnextSunday.ItisbecauseIknowyoulikethecultureofChina,especiallyanimatedfilms,thatIwouldliketoinviteyoutoadmireit.ThefilmisbasedonthetaleofageniusstrategistfromthenovelFengshenYanyinoftheMingDynasty,whosemainc

36、haracterisJiangZiya,amythologicalfiguresharingthesameimmortaluniversewithNezha.Iwillpickyouupat3:00p.m.onSundayatyouraccommodationbuilding.Afterwatchingit,shallwegotothelibrary,inwhichlotsofrelatedbookswillappealtoyouenormously?Iwouldbeverygladifyoucome.Lookingforwardtoyourearlyreply.Bestwishes.Yours,LiHua

37、Ⅳ.读后续写阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。Therewasarichcouplewhowasthrowingabignewyearpartyattheirhouse.Sotheywentshoppingatthemarketwhereeverythingwasofhighcostandfixedprice.Theywantedtomaintaintheirhighlivingstandardssotheydidn"tmindpayingalotforit.Afterpurchasingeverythingtheyneeded,theycalledapor

38、tertocarryeverythinganddropitoffattheirhome.Theporterwhocamewasofanoldage,notveryhealthylooking.Hisclothesweretornandhelookedasifhewasn"tevenabletomeethisdailyneeds.Theyaskedtheporteraboutthechargesfordeliveringtheirgoodsattheirhome.Theoldporterquotedjust$20,apricewellbelowthemarketratefordeliveringgo

39、odsatthecouple"shomeinhiscart.Yet,thecouplearguedandbargainedwiththeporterandfinallysettledfor$15.Theporterwasstrugglingtomakemoneyforeverysinglemealsoheneededanythinghecouldearn.Thecouplewasveryhappythinkinghowwelltheybargainedwiththepoorporterandpaidhim$15inadvanceandleftaftergivingtheportertheiradd

40、ressfordelivery.Theyreachedtheirhomeandonehourpassed,twohourspassed,buttheporterstillhadn"tdeliveredtheirstuff.Thewifestartedtogetangryatherhusband,“Ialwaystellyounottotrustsuchapersonbutyouneverlistentome.Suchapersonisnotevenabletoearntofeedhimselfforonetimeinaday,andyouhandedhimeverythingwepurchased

41、forourbigparty.Iamsureinsteadofdeliveringatourhome,hemusthavedisappearedwitheverything.Wemustimmediatelygobacktothemarkettoinquireandthentothepolicestationtofilethecomplaintagainsthim.”Theybothlefttowardsthemarket.Ontheirway,nearthemarket,theysawanotherporter.Theystoppedhimtoinquireabouttheoldporterandnoti

42、cedthathewasncarryingtheirstuffinhiscart!注意:续写词数应为150左右。Whentheporterheardtheangrywifeasking,_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

43、__________Uponhearingthis,thehusbandhadtearsinhiseyes,_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________【参考范文】Whentheporterheardtheangrywifeasking,heturnedback.Theporterreplied,“Madam,pleasecalmdown.I"

44、mnotathief.Thatpooroldmanwassicksincelastmonth.Hecouldn"tearnenoughtoevenhaveasinglemealoftheday.Therefore,hefelldownandhandedme$15,saying,‘Ihavetakenanadvanceforthisdelivery,andyoudeliverthegoodstothecouple"shome.’Madam,hewaspoorandhungry,buthewasanhonestman.Iwasjustonthewaytocompletingtheoldman

45、"slastdeliverytoyourhome.”Uponhearingthis,thehusbandhadtearsinhiseyes,andhiswifefeltsoashamedthatshehadnocouragetolookherhusbandintheeyes.Suddenlysherushedtothemarket.Halfanhourlater,thewifecamebackwithsomefoodinherhand.Shepassedthefoodontotheporter,andsaidsorrytotheporter,sayingthatsheshouldn"ts

46、uspectthem,andtookthemasthieves.Atlast,theportertookthegoodstotheirhouse,andtherichcouplechangedtheirattitudetothemanliketheporter.

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