全国英语等级考试三级英语写作.doc

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'全国英语等级考试三级英语写作.doc'

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1、(一)写作 PETS三级写作常为160-200个词左右的短文,文章难易程度适中,对于文章的文体,语言等要求较高,考生在写作时,要注意审请题目,抓住作文题目的核心重点,围绕着题目展开写作,考生在组织文章时要注意思路清晰,语言准确,句子完整,避免出现语法错误,另外,在写作,要尽量运用连词,如However,Nevertheless等,还要尽量运用谚语,如Every coin has two sides, More practice,more benefit,这样会增加作文的写作色彩,从而提高作文的得分。 作文考试的文体常分为四类:议论文;说明文;记叙文;描写性作文。下面分别分析以上四类文章: (一)议论文 议论文是作者就某个问题或事件发表自己看法的一种文体。作者旨在通过讲事实、摆道理来说明自己的见解、主张,从而使人信服。写议论文时要特别注意以下几点:①在段首就必须提出问题和作者的观点,使读者。

2、明确你的立场;②充分运用逻辑推理来说明自己的观点,以理服人; ③说明材料(或论据)必须真实可靠,有说服力;④驳斥他人观点时,应首先承认自己的观点可能会有人反对,然后再去批驳他人的观点,这样才容易获取他人的信任,使自己的观点更加真实可靠、有说服力; ⑤结尾句进一步明白无误地阐述自己的观点,赢得读者的赞同。 下面以一篇习作《如何解决交通拥挤问题》来看看这种文章的写法。 ①为解决城市交通拥挤,有人建议建造更多的道路。②有的人则建议开辟更多的公共汽车线路。③我的建议。How to Solve the Problem of Heavy Traffic? With population rapidly increasing,heavy traffic has become a big headache for many cities. For this very reason,many governm。

3、ent officials and experts have thought up some solutions,among which two draw much attention the country over. Some people suggest that more and wider roads should be laid down. It is evident that it can relieve the traffic congestion in the streets,thus accelerating the flow of buses and cars. And meanwhile, the fast and smooth flow of traffic reduces the air pollution caused by engine-idling. Bu。

4、t the disadvantage of this solution lies in the fact that too much land that could be used for farming or housing will inevitably be occupied by more and more roads. Therefore,others hold that the number of public bus routes should be raised so that more people can be transported and fewer people will have to travel in their own cars or ride bikes. Less use of bicycles and private cars will make t。

5、he roads less crowded. Unfortunately,there is also a drawback in this solution; it will bring inconvenience to those who live or work far away from bus stops. As neither of the two solutions is effective enough to solve the problem of heavy traffic in cities,I favor a combination of the two. While building more roads in places where land is less useful,we should increase the number of public bus l。

6、ines. Only in this way can we more efficiently solve the problem of heavy traffic. 【译文】 如何解决交通拥挤的问题 随着人口的迅速增长,交通拥挤已成为许多城市难以解决的问题。正是由于这种原因,许多政府官员以及专家提出了一些解决方案,其中有两个引起了全国的极大关注。 有人建议建造更多更宽的道路。很明显,这样会缓解道路交通的拥挤,从而加快车速。同时,快速而又流畅的车辆还会减少由发动机变速导致的空气污染。但此种方案的不足之处在于这样一个事实;建造道路会不可避免地占用过多的土地,而这些土地本来是可以用于耕作或建房的。故此,另一些人主张开辟更多的公共汽车线路,使更多的人不去驾车或骑车,而是让他们去乘坐公交汽车。这样一来,也可以降低道路拥挤。不幸的是,它也有缺陷,即给那些远离公共汽车站的人的生活和工作带来不便。 由于这。

7、两种解决方案都不能有效地解决城市交通拥挤问题,我赞成采取将两者结合起来的方法。一方面在土地不紧张的地方建造更多的道路,另一方面增加公共汽车线路。只有用这种方法,我们才能更有效地解决交通拥挤问题。当然,我们也可以运用作文模式来写议论文。作文模式(一) There is no denying the fact that is a popular topic which is much talked about not only by but also by .The reasons for are as follows. To begin with, .Secondly .Therefore we should attach significance to solving this problem. There are,I think,at least two possible ways to。

8、 copy with it.The first way to tackle it is to appeal to authorities to take measures to .The other way that is worth adopting is to work out new regulations to .Only in this way,can we succeed in solving the problem in the near future.To conclude,it is seems obvious that .So the prospect we are looking forward to will be bright and encouraging.作文模式(二) It’s generally believed that is a hot topic w。

9、hich is widely talked about both at home and abroad. Now our government attaches great importance to solving this problem. Scientists in the filed have put forward a number of suggestions tending to relieve it. To begin with, we should .Further more, .It’s clear that . People,however,differ in opinions on this matter. Some think that .According to them,we should .Others argue that .In their opinio。

10、n,nobody can ,without .There is no doubt that .As a consequence . In short,I firmly support the view that .It’s because .So my conclusion is that .作文模式(三) As is show in the table(in the picture) dropped(increased) from in 1944to in 1996.According to figures given in the table, has greatly increased(decreased).From the table,we can also see that there has been a sharp decline(rise)in .It’s clear th。

11、at . There are at least two good reasons. For on the one hand .Let’s have an example to illustrate the great increase in .On the other hand is due to the fact that .In addition, is responsible for .Maybe there are some other reasons to show .But it’s generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly acceptable. As far as I’m concerned,O believed that I’m sure my opinion is both soun。

12、d and well grounded. (二)说明文 说明文是对客观事物的特征、功能和作用等进行说明的文体。要求根据客观事实,如实地逐一予以说明。写作时,可以按时间、空间、逻辑或认识等顺序展开。下面就是一个依照逻辑上的因果关系而展开的说明文。 下面就以一篇习作《青春》来看看这种文章的写作。 ①青春是什么? ②对于不同年龄的人,青春又意味着什么? ③就大学生而言,青春是……On Youth In the case of college students,youth is just the same as a race in which knowledge competes against time for their sake. During the course of this competition,most students try and invest as much time a。

13、s possible in the ocean of knowledge,while some yield up the pursuit of knowledge to the enjoyment of pleasures that time offers. It has al-ready been proved that economy of knowledge will feature the century to come,which is a direct challenge to the college students,masters of the new century. If a student realizes the challenge as well as the fact that anyone has youth but once,he or she will n。

14、ever let youth down and help knowledge always hold the lead in the race against time. 【译文】 青春就大学生们而言,青春恰似知识为了大学生们的利益而与时间展开的一场竞争。在这场竞争中,大多数学生千方百计将尽可能多的时间投入知识的海洋,但有一些学生把对知识的追求让位于及时行乐。现已证实,知识经济将是下一个世纪的主要特征;这是对大学生——新世纪主人——的直接挑战。如果一个学生能意识到这一挑战以及一个人的青春只有一次的事实,那他(她)就不会辜负青春,使知识在与时间的赛跑中永远处于领先地位。(三)记叙文 记叙文是阐述一件事情的发生、发展、起因、高潮,以及结果的文章,对于它的写作最重要的是把文章的思路屡清,把事情的读者介绍清楚,特别注意时间、地点、人物的变化。 下面以一篇习作来看看这种文章的写作。An Unforg。

15、ettable Test Last Sunday,I took the GRE. It was the longest test I had ever taken. I entered the examination room at eight o’clock and did not come out until twelve. For the first hour I sat there waiting anxiously for the proctor to give out the paper. Then the exam officially began. I saw nothing but the test paper. How time flew. I did one section after another. The test was over without my kno。

16、wing it. Earlier I had taken many tests,yet at no test did I feel time so limited as this one. Usually there is plenty of time for me to go over what I have written when I finish the test. I would sit there waiting restlessly for the test to be over. But this time,it took me over twenty minutes to have finished the two sections on math at a much slower speed than usual. God bless me. I wish I had 。

17、been careful enough this time. At noon,someone came over to talk with me about the test,which put me in doubt of whether or not I had put the number of my test certificate right on the answer sheet. I was sure I filled in the number,but I did not remember whether or not I had circled the corresponding number under it. However,maybe all of my efforts are not made in vain. It would be terrible if I 。

18、got no grades after working so hard. 【译文】 难忘的考试 上星期天,我参加了GRE考试。这次考试是我考得最久的一次。8点钟进考场,一直到12点多才出来。刚开始1个小时,我急不可耐地坐等发卷子。正式开考后,只觉得时间飞逝。哗一下,一部分做完了;哗,又另一部分做完了,不知不觉中考试完了。 以前,从没有哪次考试像这次一样时间扣得如此的紧。通常,我都是较快做完,并用大量时间复查,坐在那儿等时间过去,等得很着急。 这次考试,仅数学的两个部分,我就花了20多分钟,大大慢于平时练习的速度。老天保佑,但愿我这次够细心! 今天中午,来了个人与我聊起考试的事情,结果使我怀疑起我是否 把准考证号码正确地填在答题纸上。填肯定是填过的,可是我记不清是否划过圈了。真糟糕!别辛苦了一场,连成绩都没有,那就惨了。 (四)描写文 描写文就是用生动形象的语言将人物的外部特征、心理状态、言。

19、谈举止以及事物的特征和性质等描写出来,使读者能够通过文字就有“身历其境”和“如见其人”的感觉。 描写文有人物描写和事物描写两大类。描写人物的时候,应抓住其主要特征,如:相貌、服饰、语言、行为举止和内心世界等一些与众不同的地方,用最恰当的语言进行描写;而在描写事物,尤其是景物的时候,则需要将其有代表性的外部特征,如:形状、颜色等描写出来。值得注意的是,写景的目的并不一定是专门为写景。在更多情况下,写景是为了抒情,是为了表达作者此时此刻的某种心情,让读者也能够触景生情,感受到作者的心情。 下面分别看一下写人和写景的两篇范文。Autumn It is autumn. The sky is clear and cloudless. The summer heat is gone. The autumn wind brings us cool. At once the version comes t。

20、o my mind,“Autumn is rich with fruit and grain.” Actually I see pomegranates red and round on the stall in the market and the pears big,yellow and juicy. My mouth waters for them. The grains have been harvested,the rice,wheat and corn. The laurel trees give off fragrance. The perfume makes its way straight into my nose. The bright red canna are standing behind rows of tall plane trees. I am waitin。

21、g for their leaves to turn yellow. Then I can trample on the fallen leaves on both sides of the ground. At times the autumn rain keeps falling silently on the trees and flowers and the ground. It washes everything clean. When the sun comes out,the droplets shine bright on the yellow leaves. What a beautiful painting! Autumn is the season for harvest; no pains,no gains. I must study hard so tat I c。

22、an have a big harvest in all my subjects. 【译文】 秋 天 已是秋天了,天空晴朗,万里无云,夏热已逝,秋风送爽。我顿时想起秋天是收获的季节。市场上已可见到红红的石榴和黄橙橙而又多汁的大梨,实在今人垂涎。此时,稻子、小麦和谷子等庄稼也已开镰收割。 桂花吐香,芬芳扑鼻;在一排排高大的梧桐树后是鲜红的美人蕉。我在等待树叶变黄,然后踩着满地的落叶。 有时,秋雨无声地落到树上、花上和地上。它洗涤一切。太。icines. This malpractice has caused alarm and concern among consumers,who are increasingly demanding that it be stamped out. There is no denying that fake commodities do a lot of h。

23、arm,not only to the normal development of the economy as a whole,but also,and more importantly,for the health of the general public. For example,in 1988 in Northwest China s Shanxi Province a peasant sold fake liquor,resulting in the deaths of 27 people. Looked at from a wider perspective,the social evil of counterfeit goods has the side effect of undermining the people s trust in the market econo。

24、my. It is high time to take firm steps to put an end to this unhealthy trend once and for all. First,the government should tighten the rules and regulations concerning the manufacture and sale of commodities,and make sure that they are enforced. Second,consumers associations should educate people to recognize shoddy goods and report them promptly to the authorities. Model 14Is the Hukou(户口)Policy 。

25、Still Relevant in China? The “hukou” system was introduced in the early years of New China to ensure that the populations of cities did not grow faster than the available resources of food,clothing and housing. Just as importantly,it also prevented China s cities from being swamped by mi-grants from the countryside seeking a better standard of living. But,the question now is,has it outlived its us。

26、efulness? As the saying goes,time marches on,and China long ago solved the problem of providing its population with enough to eat and wear. Migrants from the countryside are no longer a strain on the cities resources. Moreover,the surplus workers in the rural areas are needed to swell the labor forces of the rapidly booming urban areas,at the same time taking pressure off scarce agricultural resou。

27、rces. Therefore,it is my opinion that the hukou policy is no longer relevant. China s new market economy requires that labor be allowed to flow to wherever it is needed—be it city,town or village. However,it would be unwise to abolish the hukou system before an adequate supply of commodity housing is available to accommodate newcomers,otherwise,all the efforts of the past two decades may be undone。

28、. Model 15 The Importance of Cooperation Cooperation is important in a competitive society. While competing constantly for individual living space,people also cooperator to promote the development of society as a whole. By cooperation,people can finish difficult tasks that seem impossible for any individual alone. For example,in modern industry,division of labor and mass production,based on combin。

29、ed efforts,have become common practices. It has been proved that cooperation not only leads to smooth work flow,but also low cost and high efficiency. Moreover,cooperation can improve the whole competitive ability of a group,and at the same time make each member feel stronger. Take a football team for example. Individual skills and teamwork are of equal importance for it. In a match,a team needs c。

30、ooperation and organization to play at it best. On the other hand,good teamwork enables each player to exert his best,which in turn strengthens the performance of the whole team.As the saying goes,“Unite we stand; divide we fall.” Without cooperation,people would have to do everything all by themselves,and the whole world would fall apart in the end. Therefore, in modern society cooperation is of 。

31、great importance. People should learn to cooperate in order to compete well. Model 16 Spare Time in University While in university,students have plenty of spare time. Each week besides the twenty to thirty hours of classes and some additional hours for homework and self-study,all the other time is left to the students themselves. University students usually take part in various extracurricular act。

32、ivities. Some stay in the dormitory,reading books or listening to music. Some go to the playground and take part in all kinds of sports, such as football,basketball and table-tennis. Some others join student societies or clubs,such as the photography association and the drama club,in which they can find friends with similar interests and hobbies. And still some others will take a part-time job. As。

33、 a college student,I spend my spare time in several ways. To begin with,I enjoy reading English novels and listening to English songs. In this way,I can appreciate the beauty of English language. Besides,I like swimming and table-tennis. Physical exercises help to strengthen my muscles and build my body. Moreover,work as a private tutor for about four hours on weekends every week. The job helps me。

34、 keep in touch with the outside world. Model17 Punctuality A punctual person is in the habit of doing a thing at the proper time and is never late in keeping an appointment. An unpunctual man,on the other hand,never does what he has to do at the proper time. The unpunctual man is always complaining that he finds no time to answer letters,or return calls or keep appointments promptly. But the man w。

35、ho really has a great deal to do is very careful of his time and seldom complains of lack of it. He knows that he can not get through his immense amount of work unless he faithfully keeps every appointment promptly and deals with every piece of work when it has to be attended to. Failure to be punctual in keeping one’s appointment is a sign of disrespect towards others. Unpunctuality,moreover,is v。

36、ery harmful when it comes to doing one s duty. A man who is known to be habitually unpunctual is never trusted by his friends or fellow men. And the up punctual man is a source of annoyance both to others and to him-self. Model 18 The Chinese New Year There are still many people celebrating the Chinese New Year in a traditional way,despite the fact that they are now living in a modern society. Alt。

37、hough most of them have ceased pasting their doors with red paper scrolls on which are written lucky words,they still hate breaking things and hearing unpropitious words on New Year s Day. Although in some parts of the country there is no sound of fire-crackers,which in the old days,was believed capable of driving all kinds of evil spirits away,they can enjoy various kinds of celebrating programs 。

38、from TV for fun. Now they tend to wish a Happy New Year to each other by telephone instead by walking door to door. This festival continues for six or seven days and is considered the biggest Chinese festival. Model 19 On Happiness Happiness is something which every one longs for and is sought by him,and yet few find true happiness. True happiness can only be obtained by proper means. In the first。

39、 place,true happiness comes from hard work. How happy a student is when he has passed his examinations. His happiness is the result of his hard and diligent study. In society,the same principle holds true. It is these who work hard,not those who are idle and lazy that get the reward of life in the end. In the second place,happiness comes from frugality. There are people who spend their money lavis。

40、hly. It makes them happy only temporarily. Frugality makes a poor man rich. Extravagance makes a rich man poor. Thirdly,happiness can be obtained through willpower. There is nothing hard in this world but person lacks a strong will. Many a great man and woman perform meritorious service to his country and is deservedly respected by his or her people simply because he possesses an iron will and ste。

41、ady effort. Willpower,therefore,is essential to happiness. Model 20 On health As the proverb says,“No one knows the value of health until he losses it.” In other words,nothing is more valuable than health. It is clear that health is the foundation of one s future success. If you become sick,it is nearly impossible to pursue your career effectively,much less make your ideals come true. On the other。

42、 hand,if you are healthy,you can go all out to overcome the obstacles that lie ahead of you. Since health is the resource of our energy,what should we do to maintain and enhance our health? First,we should exercise every day to strengthen our muscles. Second,we might as well keep good timetable. If we get up early,we can breathe fresh air and see the sunrise. This habit can do wonders to our health. Third,“Prevention is better than cure.” If we pay close attention to our health,we can avoid getting sick,or at least cure ourselves of a disease while it is still in its early stage. In conclusion,health is most important. Without good health,we could achieve nothing. If we always keep fit,we have already possessed the key to success.。

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