大学精读第一册Halfaday

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'大学精读第一册Halfaday'
Naguib Mahfouzv .THE VALUE OF TIMEv Plan your time carefully. Make a list of your weekly tasks. Then make a schedule or chart of your time. Fill in committed time such as eating, sleeping, meetings, classes, etc. Then decide on good, regular times for studying. Be sure to set aside enough time to complete your normal reading and work assignments. Of course, v studying shouldn't occupy all of the free time on the schedule. It's important to set aside time for relaxation, hobbies, and entertainment as well. This weekly schedule may not solve all of your problems, but it will make you more aware of how you spend your time. Furthermore, it will enable you to plan your activities so that you have adequate time for both work and play.v Paradisev In a broad sense,paradise is an ideal or perfect place while in a narrow sense,it refers to the garden of Eden.v 从广义上讲,“天堂,乐园”指理想的或完 美的地方,而在狭义上讲,它指的其实是伊 甸园。v border v.与…接界;与…相邻v cling v. 抓紧;紧握v creator n.创造者;(宗教)造物主v curiosity n.好奇心v hatred n.憎恨;乱意;仇恨v invade v.涌入v misgiving n.顾虑v observant adj.遵守规则的v opportunity n.机会v overlook v.俯视v resort v.求助;诉诸;采取(手段等)v rivalry n.竞争v startled adj.震惊的v vain n.徒劳;无意义v from time to time 不时地;常常v to make…(out)of sb./sth. 成为…v to tear sb. Leave a place 是某人勉强离开某 地v come into view 进入视野v to burst into tears 突然哭起来v come over 来到某地;产生某种影响v to lose one’s way 迷失方向v to bring about sth. 导致某事发生v to resort to 采取;求助于(通常指不好的事 情)v in addition 此外(还)v in vain 毫无结果;白费力气v to be in a daze 处于眩晕状态 语篇分析v 第一部分(1-7) “我”不愿意上学v 第1-2段交代背景:在父亲的陪同下和母亲的 目送下,我将第一次去上学。v 第3-5段谈到“我”以为上学时一种惩罚,并 不知道上学有什么好处。v 第6-7段描述要进校园时“我”犹豫不决的心 情。v 第二部分(8-16) “我”适应学校v 第8-14段讲“我”的顾虑消失,开始觉得校 园生活丰富多彩。v 第15段谈到校园也有严明的纪律,我们要严 格遵守。v 第16段讲到“我”已经改变,完全适应了校 园生活。v 第三部分(17-20) 时光荏苒,“我”以步 入老年v 第17-18段提到“我”放学后发现外面的世界 完全变了样。v 第19-20段谈到不知不觉间,“我”也成了暮 年老人v 结束全文v I walked alongside my father,clutching his right hand.v 点拨:此句为简单句,clutching his right hand为 现在分词短语作伴随状语。v I had never imagined school would have this rich variety of experience.v 点拨:imagined后接宾语从句,从句的时态为一 般过去将来时。这个时态常常用在此从句中。v Nothing lay ahead of us but exertion,struggle, and perseverance.v 点拨:该句是简单句,使用了nothing but结构, exertion,struggle,perseverance作主语,因为太 长所以后置,正常语序是Nothing but exertion, struggle,and perseverance lay ahead of us.v Extremely irritated,I wondered when I would be able to across.v 点拨:复合句,句子主干是I wondered。When引 导的从句作wonder的宾语。Extremely irritated作伴 随状语。有些过去分词可以简单作状语。 v 15 然而,校园生活并不是完全甜蜜和阳 光普照的。我们还必须遵守纪律,耐心听 讲。学校生活也不光是嬉戏和无所事事。 同学间的竞争还可能引起痛苦,仇恨,甚 至打斗。虽然那位女士有时面带微笑,但 也经常会对我们大声吼叫并责骂我们,甚 至,更常见的是体罚我们。v 16 另外,我们再也不能改变主意,再也 不能回到天堂般的家里了。摆在我们面前 的只有努力奋斗和坚持不懈。一旦机会来 了那些有能力的人就会抓住它们去获取成 功和幸福。v 17 铃响了,宣告一天学校生活的结束。孩子们匆匆奔向大 门,这时大门被打开了。我向我的朋友和“女友们”告完别, 走出了校门。我四处张望却没发现父亲的踪影。他答应我会 在校门外等我的。于是我走到一边去等他。当我等了好久, 他也没来的时候,我决定自己回家。我走了几步,却惊奇地 站住了。我的天哪!那条两边是花园的街道怎么不见了?消失 到哪里去了?是什么时候这些车辆闯到马路上的?又是什么 时候这些人来到街道上歇憩的?这一座座垃圾堆又是怎样堆 到街道两旁的?街道旁的田野又到哪里去了?取而代之的是 林立的高楼。街道上挤满了孩子。嘈杂声震荡着空气。街头 巷尾站着杂耍艺人,他们或玩着戏法,或是让蛇从篮子里出 现。接着,一个乐队奏起了音乐,宣布马戏表演的开始,小 丑和举重大力士走在前面。 课后题讲解序 答案 出处号1 c Para 17~202 a Para 13~143 d Line7 para 17~204 a Para 17~20序 答案 出处号1 Why do I have to go to school?/why are you going to para4~5 send me to school?2 She meat that the teachers here would look after the - school children like their mothers and fathers.3 He made such statemant becasuse he discovered that Para13~1 the school life was colirful, he made many friends and 4 could learn a lot there.4 “rivalries”in this context refers to competition among - students in the same class or grade.5 If the opportunity came out, those capable students - would make full use of them to achieve success and happiess.v 4 ---副词或介词短语,对方式或状态提问,往往做状 语I like her very muchv 5 ---地点状语,一般在方式副词之后,时间副词 之前v 6 ---时间状语,可以放在句首或句末v 简单陈述句一定不能少的是主语, 谓语.v 如果问何时何地,是一个固定搭配when and wherev 【Key structures】v 简单陈述句的语序v 陈述句一定是有主语,有动词,有宾语,有句号v 6 1 2 3 4 5 6v when? Who? Action Who? How? Where? When?v Which? Which?v What? What?v 1 ---主语,一般由名词、代词或名词短语构成,通常位于动 词之前,动词必须与主语一致,即主语决v 定动词的单复数形式v 2 ---谓语,由动词充当v 3 ---宾语,一般为名词、代词或名词短语The End 制作人:于洋 Naguib Mahfouzv .THE VALUE OF TIMEv Plan your time carefully. Make a list of your weekly tasks. Then make a schedule or chart of your time. Fill in committed time such as eating, sleeping, meetings, classes, etc. Then decide on good, regular times for studying. Be sure to set aside
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