湖北省2020高考英语二轮复习专题训练:阅读理解(85)

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此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。湖北省2020高考英语二轮复习专题训练:阅读理解(85)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳答案。ATheseventhgameofanyplay-offseriesisalwaysspecial,winorlose.Italwayshasanedge-of-your-sear,heart-in-your-throatintensityunlikeanyother.Oneplay,oneshot,onesavemaymakeallthedifference.Butthereareotherthingsthatmakeourgamesandsportssospecial.Forexample,whereweplayoursportsisoftenoneofthebestthingsaboutthegames.Thinkofit:WhatisasperfectasafreshsheetoficeaftertheZambonimachine(赞博尼磨冰机)hasmadeitsfinalpassandleftthesurfaceassmoothasglass?Oraswimmingpoolonasummermorning,clearandcalm,beforethefirstswimmerhasbrokenthewater?Tomeafreshlymowedandlinedsoccerliedisasbeautifulasanypainting.Soisagolfcourseintheearlymorning,orintheeveningwhenthesunissetting.Thestuffweplaywithiswonderful,too.Isthereanythingthatfeelsasgoodinyourhandasabrand-newbaseball?Oraniceleatherfootball?Grabholdeither,andyoujusthavetoplayagameofcatch.Theclothesaregoodtoo.Sportsuniformsaremuchmorecolorfulandcomfortablethanregularclothes.Maybethat’swhysomanykidsstayintheirsportsuniformslongaftertheirgamesareover.Noshoesfeelbetteronmyfeetthanmygolfshoes.Maybethat’sbecauseIknowIamgoingtohavefunwheneverIputthemon.Wetalksomuchaboutwinninginsports.Butifyouarethekindwhoishappyonlywhentheirteamwins,thensportswillletyoudown.Afterall,tooteamorplayerwinsallthetime.Butifyoucanlearntoenjoypartsofsportsthathavenothingtodowithwinningorlosing-thefeelofafavoritebatorstickinyourhand,orhowyourheartbeatswhenyouputonyouruniformandrunontothefield-thensportswillalwaysbefun.Whetheryouwinorlose.1.Whichofthefollowingwordsincloseinmeaningtothephrases“edge-of-your-seat,heart-in-your-throat”inPara1?A.Uncertain.B.Seared.C.Nervous.D.Enthusiastic.2.Accordingtothewriter,peopleareadvised.A.nottoplayagameofcatchB.towearsportsuniformlongC.nottotalkaboutwinninginsportsD.tohavefuninsports3.Sportsuniforms,aswellassportsshoes,arementionedinthetext.A.asanexampleofthespecialfeelingofsportsB.ascomfortablewearingforsportsC.asparticulardesireofchildrenn此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。D.asmostfavoriteofsportsmen4.Whichwouldbethebesttitleforthepassage?A.WhetherYouWinorLoseB.ManyJoysofSportsC.WinninginSportsD.GamesandSportsBEveryyearinAmerica,high-schoolstudentswhowanttogoontocollegetakeanationalexaminationcalledtheScholasticAptitudeTest,orSATinashortenedway.Theirscoreisanimportantfactorindeterminingwhichcollegeswilladmitthemorwhetheranywillbeadmittedatall.TheScholasticAptitudeTestmeasuresone’smathematicalabilityanduseoftheEnglishlanguage.Traditionally,theEnglishportioninvolvedgrammaticalquestionsandparagraphsthattestreadingcomprehension.ButtheSATfolkshaveaddedasinglequestion,tobeansweredinanessay,hand–writtenonthespot.That’saninterestingwaytotestwritingability,butcontentaside,haveyoueverseenyoungpeople’shandwritinglately?Oranyone’sforthatmatter,inthisageofcomputerkeyboards?Studentswritenumbersandsigntheirnamesonbankchecks.Theyscribbleclassnotesinwhatcangenerouslybedescribedasthewrittenword.Andtheyhand-write,ormoreoftenpint,awordortwoofidentificationonluggageandlunchbags.Otherwisepenmanship(书法)——oncetaughtsomorallyandeasefullybysecond-gradeteachers,hasgonethewayofthedodobirdwhichhasdiedout.Yettoday’skidsareaskedtowrite,thoughtfullyandlegibly,forseveralminutesonthisSATTest.Goodlucktothetextscorerswhomustworkoutdifficultlythescrawlofyoungpeoplewho’vebeentypingoncomputer4ssincetheageofthree!Teachersinsistthatgoodhandwritingcannotonlyhelpone’sscoreontheSAT,butalso,lateroninlife,impresspotentialemployersandearnbiggertaxrefundsbecausethetaxinspectorscanactuallyreadthecomputations.Anddon’tforget,weallhavetoresorttohandwritingfromtimetotime,ascomputersgodownwhenthepowergoesout.5.ThesubjectstobetestedintheSATinclude.A.math,English,readingandhandwritingB.math,grammar,readingandwritingC.math,foreignlanguageandwritingD.math,Englishandhandwriting6.Theauthorwritesthispassagetointroducethefactthat.A.writingseemstobeveryimportantintheSATB.thosewhowillgotocollegeshavetotaketheSATC.studentsshouldpracticehandwritingmoreoftenD.atthecomputeragekidsdon’tknowhowtowriten此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。7.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“scribble”probablymean?A.writequicklyandroughly.B.takenotesdifficultly.C.printpenmanshipcarefully.D.describewrittenwordgenerously.8.Accordingtothepassagegoodhandwritingcan.A.helpstudentsgethighscoresintestsB.makeastudentmorepopularC.measurestudents’abilityD.assistonetogetajobCIt’snosecretthatmanychildrenwouldbehealthierandhappierwithadoptiveparentsthanwiththeparentsthatnaturedealtthem.That’sespeciallytrueofchildrenwhoremaininabusivehomesbemusethelawblindlyfavorsbiologicalparents.It’salsotrueofchildrenwhosufferforyearsinfosterhomesbecauseofparentswhocan’torwon’tcareforthembutrefusetogiveupcustody(监护)rights.Fourteen-year-oldKimberlyMaysfitsneitherdescription,butherrecentcourtvictorycouldeventuallyhelpchildrenwhodo.Kimberlyhasbeentheobjectofanangrycustodybattlebetweenthemanwhoraisedherandherbiologicalparents,withwhomshehasneverlived.AFloridajudgeruledthattheteenagercanremainwiththeonlyfathershe’severknownandthatherbiologicalparentshave“nolegalright”onher.Theruling,thoughitmayyetbereversed,setsasidetheprinciplethatbiologyistheprimarydeterminantofparentage.That’sanimportantdevelopment,thoughnotsomuchintime.ShortlyafterbirthinDecember1978,KimberlyMaysandanotherinfantweremistakenlyswitchedandsenthomewiththewrongparents.Kimberly’sbiologicalparents,ErnestandReginaTwigg,receivedachildwhodiedofaheartdiseasein1988.Medicaltestsshowedthatthechildwasn’ttheTwiggs’owndaughter,butKimberlywas,thussparkingacustodybattlewithRobertMays.In1989,thetwofamiliesagreedthatMr.MayswouldmaintaincustodywiththeTwiggsgettingvisitingrights.ThoserightswereendedwhenMr.MaysdecidedthatKimberlywasbeingharmed.ThedecisiontoleaveKimberlywithMr.Maysrenderedhersuitdebated.ButthejudgemadeclearthatKimberlydidhavestandingtosueonherownbehalf.Thushemadeclearthatshewasmorethanjustpropertytobehandledasadultssawfit.Certainly,thebiologicallinkbetweenparentandchildisfundamental.Butbiologicalparentsaren’talwayspreferabletoadoptiveones,andbiologicalparentagedoesnotconveyanabsoluteownershipthatcancelsalltherightsofchildren.9.WhatwasfirstofallconsideredintheFloridajudge’sruling?A.Thebiologicallink.B.Thechild’sbenefits.C.Thetruepractice.n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。D.Theparents’feelings.10.WecanlearnfromtheKimberly’scasethat.A.childrenaremorethanjustpersonalpossessionsoftheirparentsB.thebiologicallinkbetweenparentandchildshouldbepaidmoreattentiontoC.fosterhomesbringchildrenmorepainandsufferingthancareD.biologicalparentsshouldn’tdemandcustodyrightsaftertheirchildisadopted11.TheTwiggsdemandedcustodyrightstoKimberlybecausethey.A.foundherunhappyinMr.Mays’custodyB.thoughttheycouldtreathernicerC.wereherbiologicalparentsD.feltverysorryabouttheirpastmistake12.KimberlyhadbeengiventoMr.Mays.A.bycompleteaccidentB.athisrequestC.outofherparents’mistakesD.forbettercareDThediscoveryofanancientgiantpandaskullhasconfirmeditsbamboodietdatesbackmorethan2millionyearsandmayhaveplayedakeypartinitssurvival.AChinese-USresearchteamreportsitsresultstodayfollowingstudiesonafossilskullfoundinSouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegionin2001.ThesixfossilsunearthedinJinyinCavearedatedbetween2.4and2millionyearsago,accordingtothereportinProceedingsoftheNationalAcademyofSciences,aprestigiousUSjournal.JinChangzhu,oftheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS)andleadauthorofthepaper,saidthesmallerfossilskullindicatesthegiantpandaswereaboutathirdsmallerthantoday’spandas.Researchersknewthepandareacheditsmaximumsizeabout500,000yearsago,whenitpeaked,andthengraduallybecamesmaller.Jin,apaleontologist(古生物学者)attheInstituteofVertebratePaleontologyandPaleonanthropology(古人类学)affiliatedtotheCAS,saidthesizevariationwasabasicruleofevolution."Aspeciestendstogrowbiggerwhenitreachesthepeakofitspopulation,butbecomessmallerwhennumbersdecline,"hesaid.Thedentalremainsoftheskull,whichistheoldestgiantpandaskulleverfound,aresimilartotoday’spandas,indicatingthetypeofteeththatcouldmunch(津津有味地嚼)mountainsofbamboo.Apandacaneatupto40kgofbambooperday.n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。PaleoanthropologistRussellCiochon,theUSco-authorattheUniversityofIowa,saidthepanda’sfocusonbamboocouldhavehelpeditsurvivealltheseyears."Onceananimalbeginstorelyonaprevalentandstablefoodsource,suchasbamboo,ittendstoevolvealargerbodysize,"hesaid."Asindividualsoftheevolvingspeciesgrowbigger,theyhaveabetterchancenottobeeatenbypredators(肉食动物)duetotheirlargerbodysize."13.AccordingtotheresearchoftheCAS,thereweremostpandasintheworld.A.2millionyearsagoB.between2.4and2millionyearsagoC.500,000yearsagoD.nowadays14.Theunderlinedword“variation”inPara6means.A.fallB.changeC.increaseD.decrease15.Fromthepassage,wecanlearn.A.pandasbegantoeatbamboo2millionyearsagoB.aspeciestendstogrowsmallerwhennumbersdeclineC.thegiantpandaswereaboutathirdthesizeoftoday’spandasD.pandas’bamboohasplayedanimportantroleinitsdevelopment16.Thepassagemainlytellsusthat.A.pandasareendangeredB.pandashadalonghistoryC.pandashadbambootobeatpredatorsD.today’sPandasaresimilartotheoldestonesEArnoldfollowedEugiedowntheslope,stealing,ashisbrotherdid,fromonestockofwheattoanother.EugiepausedbeforeclimbingthroughthewirefencethatdividedtheWheatfieldfromthemarshypasture(牧场)aroundthelake.Theywerescreenedfromtheducksbythetreesalongthelake’sedge.“Ifyouhityourduck,youwantmetogoinafterit?”Eugiesaid.“Ifyouwant.”Amoldsaid.Eugieloweredhiseyelids,“You’ddrownbeforeyougotit,thelegsofyoursaresoweak.”hesaidcontemptuously(轻蔑地).Heshoveledthetubunderthefenceand,pressingdownthecenterwire,climbedthroughintothepasture.Arnoldpresseddownthebottomwire,thrustalegthroughandleanedforwardtobringtheotherlegafter.Hisriflecaughtonthewireandhepulledatit.Theairwasrockedbythesoundoftheshot.Feelingfoolish,heliftedhisface,baringittoanexpectedshowerofderision(嘲弄)fromhisbrother.ButEugiedidnotturnaround.Instead,fromhiscrouchingposition,hefellintohiskneesandthenpitchedforwardontohisface.Theducksroseupcryingfromthelake,clearedthemountainbackgroundandbeatawaynorthwardacrossthepalesky.n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。Arnoldsquattedbesidehisbrother.Eugieseemedtobeclimbingtheearth,asiftheearthranupanddown,andwhenbefoundhecouldn’tscaleithelaystill.“Eugie?”ThenArnoldsawit,undertherollinghairatthebackoftheneed-aslowrisingofbightblood.Ithadanunpleasantmovement,likethatofaparasite(寄生虫).“Hey,Eugie,”hesaidagain.HewasfeelingthesamediscomforthehadfeltwhenhehadwatchedEugiesleeping;hisbrotherdidn’tknowthathewaslyingfacedowninthepasture.Againhesaid,“Hey,Eugie,”ananxiouspushinhisvoice.ButEugiewasasstillasthemorningaboutthem.17.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“screened”inPara1probablymean?A.Separated.B.Stopped.C.Dragged.D.Hidden.18.FormPara2toPara4,weknowthat.A.EugiealwayslaughedatArnoldB.EugiewouldhelpArnoldhittheducksC.ArnoldbeggedEugietogoinaftertheducksD.EugiewasworriedthatArnoldmightdrown19.WhydidEugieliestill?A.Arnoldshothimintentionally.B.Arnoldkilledhimaccidentally.C.Hepretendedtobeunconscious.D.Hewasreadytoshootsomeducks.20.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat.A.therelationshipbetweenArnoldandEuiewasnotsogoodB.ArnoldfollowedEugieapproachingthelaketostealducksC.theywerecrouchingforwardtostealthewheatD.EugiewasalwaystakingcareofArnold1—5CDABB6—10CADBA11—15CACBB16—20CDABA
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