湖北省2020高考英语二轮复习专题训练:阅读理解(73)

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此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。湖北省2020高考英语二轮复习专题训练:阅读理解(73)阅读下列短文,从每篇短文所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。AMadamedeStaelsaysthatonlythepeoplewhocanplaywithchildrenareabletoeducatethem.Forsuccessintrainingchildren,thefirstconditionistobecomeachildoneself.Itmeanstotreatthechildasreallyone’sequal,thatis,toshowhimthesameconsideration,thesamekindofconfidenceoneshowstoanadult.Itmeansnottoaffectthechildtobewhatweourselveswanthimtobecome,buttobeaffectedbytheimpressionofwhatthechildhimselfis;nottotreatthechildwithcheating,orbyforce,butwiththeseriousnessandtruelovesuitabletohisowncharacter.Notleavingthechildinpeaceisthegreatestproblemofpresentmethodsoftrainingchildren.Parentsdonotseethatduringthewholelife,theneedofpeaceisnevergreaterthanintheyearsofchildhood,aninnerpeaceunderalloutsideliveliness.Butwhatdoesachildexperience?Corrections,orders,interference(干涉),thewholelivelongday.Thechildisalwaysrequiredtoleavesomethingalone,ortodosomethingdifferent,tofindsomethingdifferent,ortowantsomethingdifferentfromwhathedoes,orfinds,orwants.Heisalwaysguidedinanotherdirectionfromthetrueinnerwillthatisleadinghim.Allofthisiscausedbyourso-calledenthusiasmindirecting,advising,andhelpingthechildtobecomethesamemodelproducedinoneassemblyline(流水线).Understanding,thedeepestcharacteristicoflove,isalmostalwaysabsent.Tobringupachildmeanscarryingone’ssoulinone’shand;itmeansneverplacingourselvesindangerofmeetingthecoldlookonthefaceofthechild.Itmeansthetruththatthewaysofinjuringthechildarelimitlesswhilethewaysofbeingusefultohimarefew.Howseldomdoestheeducatorrememberthatthechild,evenatfourorfiveyearsofage,hasalreadyhadasharpfeeling!Thesmallestmistrustandunkindness,theleastactofinjustice,leavewoundsthatlastforlifeintheheartofthechild.While,ontheotherhand,unexpectedfriendlinessandkindnessmakequiteasdeepanimpressiononthosesoftsenses.1.Thepassagemainlytalksabout__________.A.misleadingzonesandrightwaysineducatingchildrenB.currentproblemsintrainingchildrenC.whatshouldbetaughttochildrenD.theimportanceofeducatingchildren2.Children,accordingtothepassage,areexperiencing__________.A.corrections,ordersandpeaceB.orders,interferenceandpeaceC.interference,ordersandcorrectionsD.peace,guideandpraise3.Ifyouwereaparent,whichofthefollowingmethodsisTRUEaccordingtothetext?A.Youcouldtreatyourchildrennotsoseriouslyfortheydon’tunderstandmanythings.B.Youcouldtrainyourchildrenasyouwishthemtobe.C.Youshouldsometimesleaveyourchildreninpeaceastheywishintheirchildhood.D.Youshouldcorrectyourchildrenimmediatelyiftheirbehaviorisnotwhatyouwant.4.Wemayconcludethattheauthorbelievespeopleshould____________.n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。A.playwiththechildrenwithenthusiasmalldaylongjusttopleasethemB.trytogiveanorder,adviceandsuggestionstotheirchildrenatanytimeC.treattheirchildrenjustasthewaytheytreatanadultintheirdailylifeD.regardtheirchildrenasanequaltothemandhaveunderstandingoftheinnerpeaceofthemBAlloverthecountrythesedays,e-mailmessagesareendingwiththisstrangelittlemark:-)or:-(.Itwas20yearsagothatScottFahlmantaughttheNethowtosmile.TheCarnegieMelloncomputerscientisthasdevotedhislifetoman-madeintelligence,thepracticeofteachingcomputershowtothinklikehumans,butthescientistisperhapsbestknownforaflashofinspirationthathelpedtodefineInternetculture.Bytheearly1980stheComputerScienceGroupatCarnegieMellonwasmakingheavyuseofonlinenoticeboards.Agoodmanyofthemessageswerehumorous.Theproblemwasthatifsomeonemadeahumorousremark,afewreaderswouldfailtogetthejoke.Thisproblemcausedsomepeopletosuggestthatmaybeitwouldbeagoodideatoclearlymarkmessagesthatwerenottobetakenseriously.Afterall,whenusingtext-basedonlinecommunication,welackthebodylanguageorthetoneofvoicethatcommunicatesthis_informationwhenwetalkinpersonoronthephone.SoonSept.19,1982,Fahlmantyped:-)inanonlinemessage.“IhadnoideaIwasstartingsomethingthatwouldsoonpollutealltheworld’scommunicationschannels,”hewrotelaterThe“smileyface”hassincebecomecommoninonlinecommunication.ThiscreationcaughtonquicklyaroundCarnegieMellon,andsoonspreadtootheruniversitiesandresearchlabsbymeansofthecomputernetworksoftheday.Sincethen,thesmilingmarkshavetakenthee-mailworldbystorm.Yahoo,MicrosoftandAmericaOnlineallputthefacesintotheirinstant-messagingsystems,whiletelecomcompanies,jewelrymakersandonlinemerchantshavesentintrademarkapplicationsforproductsandadsthatincludeFahlman’ssmileyface.ButFahlmanhasneverseenadollarfromhiscreation.“Ifitcostpeopleacenttouseit,nobodywouldhaveusedit.Thisismylittlegifttotheworld,forbetterorworse,”hesaid.5.Theunderlinedwords“thisinformation”inParagraph3referto__________.A.thebodylanguageB.thesuggestionofmarkingmessagesC.thetoneofvoiceD.thehumorbehindthewords6.ThepurposeofFahlmanintypingthefirstsmileyfacewas____________.A.toshowothersthathedidn’ttakehismessageseriouslyB.tofillalltheworld’scommunicationschannelswithsmileyfacesC.tomakemoneyoutoftelecomcompaniesandonlinemerchantsD.toshowhishappyfeelingsandtohelptodefinelnternetculture7.Whatdoesthepassagemainlytalkabout?A.Thelnternetculture.B.Theonlinecommunicationssystem.C.Thehumorousmessage.D.Theonlinesmileyfaces.8.Whatcanweinferfromthetext?A.Fahlmaninventedthesmileyfacestobecomewealthyandfamous.n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。B.Fahlmandoesn’tmindthatpeopleusehissmileyfacesforfree.C.FahlmanisdisappointedthatnobodywouldliketopayacentforthesmileyfacesD.Thesmileyfaceswerecreatedtopollutethewoad’scommunicationschannels.CEducationisanexpensivepartofAmericanlife.Itssizeismatchedbyitsvariety.DifferencesinAmericanschoolscomparedwiththosefoundinthemajorityofothercountrieslieinthefactthateducationherehaslongbeenintendedforeveryone.Schoolsareexpectedtomeettheneedsofeverychild,regardlessofability,andalsotheneedsofsocietyitself.Thismeansthatpublicschoolsoffermorethanacademicsubjects.Itsurprisesmanypeoplewhentheycomeheretofindhighschoolsofferingsuchcoursesastyping,sewing,radiorepair,computerprogrammingordrivertraining,alongwithtraditionalacademicsubjectssuchasmathematics,history,andlanguages.Studentschoosetheircoursesdependingontheirinterests,futuregoals,andlevelofability.ThebasicgoalofAmericaneducationistodevelopeverychildtotheutmostofhisorherownpossibilities,andtogiveeachoneasenseofcommunity.Schoolshavetraditionallyplayedanimportantroleincreatingnationalunityand“Americanizing”themillionsofimmigrantswhohavepouredintothiscountryfrommanydifferentbackgroundsandorigins.Schoolsstillplayalargeroleinthecommunity,especiallyinthesmalltowns.Theteachingmayseemunfamiliartomany,notonlybecauseitisinformal,butalsobecausethereisnotmuchemphasisonlearningfacts.Instead,Americanstrytoteachtheirchildrentothinkforthemselvesandtodeveloptheirownintellectualandcreativeabilities.Studentsspendmuchtimelearninghowtousematerials,libraries,statistics,andcomputers.Americansbelievethatifchildrenaretaughttoreason_wellandtoresearchwell,theywillbeabletofindwhateverfactstheyneedthroughouttherestoftheirlives.Knowinghowtosolveproblemsisconsideredmoreimportantthantheaccumulation(积累)offacts.ThisisAmerica’sanswertothesearchingquestionthatthoughtfulparentsallovertheworldareaskingthemselvesinthefast-movingtime,“Howcanonepreparetoday’schildforatomorrowthatonecanneitherpredictnorunderstand?”9.Theunderlinedwords“reasonwell”probablymeans__________.A.persuadefirmlyB.listthereasonsclearlyC.thinklogicallyD.concludeimmediately10.Itisimpliedinthepassagethat__________.A.allhigh-schoolstudentstakethesamecoursesB.everystudentmusttakepracticalabilitytrainingcoursesC.everypublicschooloffersthesameacademicsubjectsD.thesubjectseverystudenttakesmayvary11.Americanschoolsplacegreatemphasisonthelearners’__________.A.knowledgeB.accumulationoffactsC.creativityD.abilitytoworkwithhands12.WhatmakesAmericaneducationdifferentfromothers’?A.Thelargenumberofschools.B.Thevarietyofthecourses.C.Itsconsiderationforimmigrants.D.Thebasicgoaloftheeducation.Dn此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。Therearemillionsofusedcellphonesintheworldtoday.Mostofthemjustlayinourhouseswithoutanypurpose.Everydaydozensofnewcellphonemodelsappear.Today,youcanfindwhatwasregardedasafantasyyesterdayinstoreandyouwillbuyittomorrow.Butwhattodowiththeoldphones,whichworkwellenoughandnotsoold?Justgetsomemoney!SimplySellularisbuyingalmostallmodelsofcellphones:LG,Motorola,Siemens,Samsung,Sanyo,Nokiaandmanyothercellphones.Alsotheyacceptphonesproducedineverycountry,andineverycondition.SimplySellularcanofferagoodpriceforyouroldcellphoneincash.Theirmissionisgivingyouasimplewaytogetmoneyforanoldphone,assimpleandprofitable,aspossible.Alsotheyofferatrade-inscheme(折价方案)togetanothermodelinsteadofyourphone,providingagoodserviceafterthesale.AlsoSimplySellularworkswiththeso-called911cellphoneprogram.Soyoucandonate(捐赠)yourcellphonetothemtohelpsomepeoplewhoneedit.Theyknowwhattodowithyouroldphone!Youcanbeinterestedintheirrecyclingprograms,whereeveryusedcellphonecouldbeeasilyrecycledforafewtimes.SimplySellulardonatessomephones,whicharegoodforrefurbish(翻新),topeoplewhoneedit,forexamplewomenormilitarypersonnel.Iftherefurbishisimpossibletheyjustrecyclecellphones.Justthinkaminute:it’sagooddealtogetsomemoneyforyouroldcellphone,agooddealtohelpsomebodywithyourphoneandreallyimportanttorecyclealltechniquesafteruse.WorkingwithSimplySellularyougeteverypossibilityabsolutelyfree.Andtheywillpayyou!That’sareallygooddeal!13.Whenyouwantanewcellphone,youareadvisedto__________.A.keeptheoldoneinhouseB.throwtheoldoneintothedustbintoprotectyourhealthC.returntheoldonetotheproducertogetsomemoneyD.selltheoldonetoSimplySelluaronareasonableprice14.SellingausedcellphonetoSimplySellular,youwillget__________.A.agoodpriceforthephoneincashB.anothernewmodelwithoutanypayC.acost-freeserviceprovidedbyitD.aprofitableplanafterthesale15.Thecellphonedonatedbyyouisprobably__________.A.stillinusebyothersB.refurbishedandsoldagainC.collectedandonshowD.senttoapoorercountry16.Thispassageiswrittenmainlyto__________.A.warnpeopleoftherisksofusingcellphonesB.introducetouswhattodowithouroldcellphonesC.advisepeoplenottochangecellphonesfrequentlyD.encourageustokeepupwithnewtechnologyEDogsarepronetocomplexemotionssuchasjealousyandpride,accordingtoscientificresearchthatshedsnewlightontheirrelationshipwithhumans.Dogsdonotlikeseeingtheirownersofferingaffectiontoothercreatures,especiallyotherdogs,andreactnegativelywhentheirownersbringhomenewpartners,theresearchfound.Psychologistspreviouslybelievedmostanimalslackthe“senseofself”n此资料由网络收集而来,如有侵权请告知上传者立即删除。资料共分享,我们负责传递知识。neededtoexperienceso-calledsecondaryemotionssuchasjealousy,embarrassmentorguilt.Theseemotionsaremorecomplexthanfeelingsassociatedwithinstantreactionsuchasanger,lustorjoy.DrFriederikeRange,oftheUniversityofVienna’sneurobiologydepartment,hasshownthatdogsfeelintenselyjealouswhentheyspotthattheyareunfairlytreatedcomparedwithotherdogs.Thedogstudyisthelatestintoseveralspecies,includingcows,horses,catsandsheep,whichhaveshownthatanimalsarefarmoreself-awarethanwethought.DrPaulMorris,apsychologistattheUniversityofPortsmouthwhostudiesanimalemotions,toldTheSundayTimes,“Wearelearningthatdogs,horses,andperhapsmanyotherspeciesarefarmoreemotionallycomplexthanweeverrealised.Theycansuffersimpleformsofmanyemotionsweoncethoughtonlyprimates(灵长类)couldexperience.”Inresearchamongdogowners,DrMorrisfoundalmostallofthemreportedjealousbehaviourbytheirpets.Thedogoftentriedtokeeptheirownerawayfromanewloverintheearlydaysofarelationship.Behaviouralexpertsrecommendownerskeepingtheirdogs’routineasmuchaspossiblewhenanewpartnerorchildcomesalonginordertopreventjealousactivitiesfromthedogsuchasinterruptionswithbarking.17.Itwasthoughtthatinthepastmostanimals________.A.areself-awareB.arenotself-awareC.areintelligentD.arecolor-blind18.Dogsarelikelytofeel________whentheysawtheirownersbringhomeanewpetcat.A.depressedB.impressedC.delightedD.excited19.Wecaninferthat__________.A.dogsareofsocialanimalsB.dogscanbetrainedasaguideC.dogshaveasharpsenseofsmellD.primatesaregenerallymoreemotionalthandogsintheeyesofmostpeople20.Whichofthefollowingisthebesttitle?A.Dogs,thefavoritepetsB.DogscanbejealousC.DogscanbeangryD.Adiscoveryaboutanimalbehaviour1—5:ACCDD6—10:ADBCD11—15:CDDAA16—20:BBADB
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