• /  42
  • 下载费用: 14.90积分  

短文改错考点3冠词的混用、多用与少用

'短文改错考点3冠词的混用、多用与少用'
考点3:冠词的混用、多用与少用真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2015新课标卷I) Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. the习惯词组:in the countryside在农村。2.(2014新课标卷I) As result, the plants aare growing everywhere.固定词组:as a result结果。3.(2013新课标卷I) In a fact, he even scared my classmates away when they came over to play or do homework with me. 固定词组:in fact =in reality事实上。 4.(2011新课标卷) I was going to visit a friend there, and after that, I would go to Xiamen for long holiday. a因可数名词holiday是单数,前面应有限定词;表示“一个” 长假,填a,与for a long time类似。5.(2015新课标卷II) He liked it so much that he quickly walked into the shop… A woman saw him crying and told him to wait outside a shop. the特指上文提到的那家商店,用the。 6.(2014新课标卷II) My dream school looks like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. 不是特指,不用the。句意:教学楼周围有各种各样的花和树。7.(2013新课标卷II) This custom soon became another meal of day. the因除all day (整天), by day(白天),day by day (一天一天地), day after day(日复一日)等固定短语外,day前应有限定词,不可单独使用;指“一天中的”要说of the day。 思路点拨1.留意三无名词。遇到无冠词、无形容词性物主代词、无不定代词修饰的单数可数名词要注意,若根据语境不是将其变为复数,就一定是在前面加冠词。如[真题再练]4、7。2.留意固定词组。固定词组常积累,就成火眼金睛,一看便知错。如[真题再练]1、2、3。3.考究是否用错。要根据冠词的基本用法,如定冠词表示特指,一般来说不是特指不用定冠词;不定冠词表泛指,常可译作“一个/本/支”等,意义不通,可能有错。如[真题再练]6。冠词的基本用法可参见语法填空部分。考点归纳 冠词在5年8套题中考了7次,可算作必考 点。主要从以下3个方面考查冠词: 1. 混用。即a, an与the的混用。如[真题再 练]5。 2. 多用。如[真题再练]第3、6题。考查 的内容是“零冠词”,即不用冠词的情况: (1)专有名词前,如Tom, China等。(2) 学科名词前,如I like physics。(3) 球类运动名词前,如play football等。(4) 三餐名词前,如have breakfast等。(5) 唯一职位名词前,如chairman, president等。(6) 名词前已有物主代词或不定代词时,如my teacher, some students等。(7) 抽象名词和物质名词等不可数名词表示泛指时,如I’m fond of music.(8) 可数名词的复数形式表示泛指或指一类事物时,如[真题再练]6。(9) 不用冠词的固定词组,如[真题再练]3。3. 少用。这是考查的重点,8套题中考了4次。如[真题再练]第1、2、4、7题。要特别留意含有冠词的固定词组。如[真题再练]第1、2题。考点练透一、词组翻译 1. 目前,现在 __a_t _p_r_e_se_n_t______ 2. 首先,在开始时_a_t_ _fi_r_s_t ________ 3. 放学后/毕业后 _a_f_te_r_ _c_la_s_s_ /_g_r_a_d_uation 4. 乘公共汽车 __b_y_ b_u_s_________ 5. 偶然 __b_y_ a_c_c_id__en__t/_c_h_a_nce 6. 错误地 b__y_ m__is_t_a_k_e______7. 用手工(做) _b_y_ h_a_n_d_________8. 例如 _fo_r_ _e_x_a_m_p_l_e_____9. 上市,出售 _o_n_ s_a_l_e_________10. 当众,公开地 _in__ p_u_b_l_i_c _______11. 事实上(in fact) i_n_ r_e_a_l_it_y_ /_a_s_ a_ _m_a_t_t_er of fact12. 处于麻烦中 _in_ _t_ro_u__b_le_________13. 徒然,白费力 _in_ _v_a_i_n___________14. 故意地 _o_n_ p__u_r_p_o_s_e_______15. 展览,陈列 _o_n_ s_h_o_w__ _________16. 讲得通,合乎情理 _m_a_k_e_ _s_en__se_______17. 平均,一般来说 _o_n_ a_v_e_r_a_g_e_______18. 步行 _o_n_ f_o_o_t__________19. 值日,值班 _o_n_ d_u_t_y__________ 20. 在度假(on holiday) _o_n_ v_a_c_a_t_io_n_ ______21. 采取行动(take measures) _ta_k_e_ _a_c_ti_o_n____22. 发生(happen) _ta_k_e_ _p_l_a_ce_____23. 参加(join in) _ta_k_e_ _p_a_r_t_ i_n___24. 毫不拖延(immediately) _w_i_th_o_u__t _d_e_la_y__25. 无疑地(certainly) _w_i_th_o_u__t _d_o_u_b_t_ 26. 顺便说说,顺便问问 b__y_ t_h_e_ w__a_y_________27. 最后,终于(eventually) _in_ _th__e _e_n_d__________28. 在……的尽头/末尾 a_t_ _th_e_ _e_n_d_ o_f________29. 在远处(far away) i_n_ _th_e_ _d_is_t_a_n_c_e__30. 在户外 _in_ _th_e_ _o_p_e_n_ a_i_r_ _31. 前天 _t_h_e_ d_a_y_ _b_e_f_o_re_ _y_e_s_te_r_d_a_y_______32. 在……的帮助下 _w_i_th_ _t_h_e_ h_e_l_p_ o_f_33. 代替,取代(replace) _ta_k_e_ _t_h_e_ p_l_a_c_e _o_f34. 总之,简言之(briefly) _in_ _a_ w__o_r_d______35. 匆忙地(quickly) _in__ a_ _h_u_r_r_y_ ____36. 低声地__in__ a_ _lo_w__ v_o_i_ce________37. 以低价__a_t_ a_ _lo_w__ p_r_i_ce________38. 用规定食谱,节食 _o_n_ a_ _d_i_et________39. 玩得痛快(enjoy oneself) h__a_v_e _a_ g_o_o_d__ t_im__e______40. 去散步__g_o_ f_o_r_ a_ _w_a_l_k_ _______ 41. 患重感冒 h_a_v_e_ _a_ b_a_d_ _/h__ea_v_y_ _c_old42. 和某人谈谈 h_a_v_e_ _a_ w__o_rd__ w_i_t_h_ s_b_.43. 休息一会儿 t_a_k_e_ _a_ r_e_s_t________44. 看一看 h__a_v_e _a_ l_o_o_k________45. 坐下,就坐(sit down) _ta_k_e_ _a_ s_e_a_t_ ____46. 对……有影响 _h_a_v_e_ a_n_ _e_ff_e_c_t_ o_n_____47. 犯错误,出差错_m_a_k__e _a_ m__i_st_a_k_e______48. 许下诺言 _m__a_k_e_ a_ _p_r_o_m_i_s_e_____49. 做鬼脸 _m__a_k_e_ a_ _f_a_ce_________50. 戏弄,开……的玩笑 p__la_y_ _a_ j_o_k_e_ o_n_ _______51. 在……中起作用/扮演角色 _p_la_y_ _a_ p_a_r_t_ i_n_ ___________52. 参观,拜访(visit) _p_a_y_ a_ _v_is_i_t _to_____53. 相当多,不少 _q_u_it_e_ a_ _f_e_w______54. 提前(earlier than expected) _a_h_e_a_d_ o_f_ t_i_m_e_/_in_ _a_d_v_a_n_c_e__55. 像往常一样 _a_s _u_s_u_a_l________二、句子改错 下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1. (2010新课标卷) My friend Nick told me story about his experience back in athe US… 可数名词单数story前加不定冠词,表示“一个”故事。2. (2009新课标卷)… and they found me a comfortable one on second floor. the序数词前要用定冠词。3. (2008新课标卷) We were organizing an art exhibition for high school students in city. the应是为特指的某个城市的中学生举办的艺展。事实上,英语中没有in city的说法,但通常说in town。4. (2014大纲卷)As a old saying goes, an“A friend in need is a friend indeed.” 因old的读音以元音音素开头。 5. (2013大纲卷)My mother is very kind and is friendly to everybody. So when I have the problem, I will turn to her for help. a 不是特指, 是泛指。6. (2012打纲I) Every one of us can make a great efforts to cut down the use of energy in our country. 复数名词前不用a。7. (2012大纲卷II) Many countries in the world find they don’t have enough water. To deal with a problem, I think, we the/this/thatshould first go all out to plant trees…特指上文提到的缺水“这个”问题。8. (2011大纲卷I) One of my unforgettable memories of my school in Xinjiang is that of lunches we brought from our homes. the因lunches后有定语从句修饰,特指从家里带到学校的午餐。 9. (2011大纲卷II) If you’d like to make trip ato our city some day, I will be better than happy to be your guide. 固定词组:make a trip to去旅行。10. (2010大纲卷I) There was Uncle Chen, gentleman living near my ahouse, who was a very famous writer. 表示 “一位” 绅士。11. (2010大纲卷II) Last year, she decided to study abroad. In other words, we would be separated for long time. a 表示分开很长“一段”时间。12. (2009大纲卷I) The factory… has been moved out of the city, and sports acenter has been built in its place. 指建了 “一座” 体育中心。13. (2009大纲卷II) Just before I turned corner of Park Street, theI happened to see an accident. 特指Park Street的转角处。14. (2008大纲卷II) Second, I will learn more about history of the Olympics … the 特指奥运会的历史。 15. (2007大纲卷I) “Because there are more the honors and joys in my life.”表示“更多的荣誉”是more honors,中间不用the。16. (2007大纲卷II) I meant to write long aletter and tell you all the things…因letter是单数可数名词,表示“一封”长信,要用不定冠词。THANK YOU! 考点3:冠词的混用、多用与少用真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2015新课标卷I) Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. the习惯词组:in the countryside在农村。2.(2014新课标卷I) As result, the plants aare growing everywhere.固定词组:as a result结果。3.(2013新课标卷I) In a fact, he even scared my classmates away when they came over to play or do homework with me. 固定词组:in fact =in reality事实上。 4.(2011新课标卷) I was going to visit a friend there, and after that, I would go to Xiamen for long holiday. a因可数名词holiday是单数,前面应有限定词;表示“一个” 长假,填a,与for a long time类似。5.(2015新课标卷II) He liked it so much that he quickly walked into the shop… A woman saw him crying and told him to wait outside a shop. the特指上文提到的那家商店,用the。 6.(2014新课标卷II) My dream school looks like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. 不是特指,不用the。句意:教学楼周围有各种各样的花和树。7.(2013新课标卷II) This custom soon became another meal of day. the因除all day (整天), by day(白天),day by day (一天一天地), day after day(日复一日)等固定短语外,day前应有限定词,不可单独使用;指“一天中的”要说of the day。 思路点拨1.留意三无名词。遇到无冠词、无形容词性物主代词、无不定代词修饰的单数可数名词要注意,若根据语境不是将其变为复数,就一定是在前面加冠词。如[真题再练]4、7。2.留意固定词组。固定词组常积累,就成火眼金睛,一看便知错。如[真题再练]1、2、3。3.考究是否用错。要根据冠词的基本用法,如定冠词表示特指,一般来说不是特指不用定冠词;不定冠词表泛指,常可译作“一个/本/支”等,意义不通,可能有错。如[真题再练]6。冠词的基本用法可参见语法填空部分。考点归纳 冠词在5年8套题中考了7次,可算作必考 点。主要从以下3个方面考查冠词: 1. 混用。即a, an与the的混用。如[真题再 练]5。 2. 多用。如[真题再练]第3、6题。考查 的内容是“零冠词”,即不用冠词的情况: (1)专有名词前,如Tom, China等。(2) 学科名词前,如I like physics。(3) 球类运动名词前,如play football等。(4) 三餐名词前,如have breakfast等。(5) 唯一职位名词前,如chairman, president等。(6) 名词前已有物主代词或不定代词时,如my teacher, some students等。(7) 抽象名词和物质名词等不可数名词表示泛指时,如I’m fond of music.(8) 可数名词的复数形式表示泛指或指一类事物时,如[真题再练]6。(9) 不用冠词的固定词组,如[真题再练]3。3. 少用。这是考查的重点,8套题中考了4次。如[真题再练]第1、2、4、7题。要特别留意含有冠词的固定词组。如[真题再练]第1、2题。考点练透一、词组翻译 1. 目前,现在 __a_t _p_r_e_se_n_t______ 2. 首先,在开始时_a_t_ _fi_r_s_t ________ 3. 放学后/毕业后 _a_f_te_r_ _c_la_s_s_ /_g_r_a_d_uation 4. 乘公共汽车 __b_y_ b_u_s_________ 5. 偶然 __b_y_ a_c_c_id__en__t/_c_h_a_nce 6. 错误地 b__y_ m__is_t_a_k_e______7. 用手工(做) _b_y_ h_a_n_d_________8. 例如 _fo_r_ _e_x_a_m_p_l_e_____9. 上市,出售 _o_n_ s_a_l_e_________10. 当众,公开地 _in__ p_u_b_l_i_c _______11. 事实上(in fact) i_n_ r_e_a_l_it_y_ /_a_s_ a_ _m_a_t_t_er of fact12. 处于麻烦中 _in_ _t_ro_u__b_le_________13. 徒然,白费力 _in_ _v_a_i_n___________14. 故意地 _o_n_ p__u_r_p_o_s_e_______15. 展览,陈列 _o_n_ s_h_o_w__ _________16. 讲得通,合乎情理 _m_a_k_e_ _s_en__se_______17. 平均,一般来说 _o_n_ a_v_e_r_a_g_e_______18. 步行 _o_n_ f_o_o_t__________19. 值日,值班 _o_n_ d_u_t_y__________ 20. 在度假(on holiday) _o_n_ v_a_c_a_t_io_n_ ______21. 采取行动(take measures) _ta_k_e_ _a_c_ti_o_n____22. 发生(happen) _ta_k_e_ _p_l_a_ce_____23. 参加(join in) _ta_k_e_ _p_a_r_t_ i_n___24. 毫不拖延(immediately) _w_i_th_o_u__t _d_e_la_y__25. 无疑地(certainly) _w_i_th_o_u__t _d_o_u_b_t_ 26. 顺便说说,顺便问问 b__y_ t_h_e_ w__a_y_________27. 最后,终于(eventually) _in_ _th__e _e_n_d__________28. 在……的尽头/末尾 a_t_ _th_e_ _e_n_d_ o_f________29. 在远处(far away) i_n_ _th_e_ _d_is_t_a_n_c_e__30. 在户外 _in_ _th_e_ _o_p_e_n_ a_i_r_ _31. 前天 _t_h_e_ d_a_y_ _b_e_f_o_re_ _y_e_s_te_r_d_a_y_______32. 在……的帮助下 _w_i_th_ _t_h_e_ h_e_l_p_ o_f_33. 代替,取代(replace) _ta_k_e_ _t_h_e_ p_l_a_c_e _o_f34. 总之,简言之(briefly) _in_ _a_ w__o_r_d______35. 匆忙地(quickly) _in__ a_ _h_u_r_r_y_ ____36. 低声地__in__ a_ _lo_w__ v_o_i_ce________37. 以低价__a_t_ a_ _lo_w__ p_r_i_ce________38. 用规定食谱,节食 _o_n_ a_ _d_i_et________39. 玩得痛快(enjoy oneself) h__a_v_e _a_ g_o_o_d__ t_im__e______40. 去散步__g_o_ f_o_r_ a_ _w_a_l_k_ _______ 41. 患重感冒 h_a_v_e_ _a_ b_a_d_ _/h__ea_v_y_ _c_old42. 和某人谈谈 h_a_v_e_ _a_ w__o_rd__ w_i_t_h_ s_b_.43. 休息一会儿 t_a_k_e_ _a_ r_e_s_t________44. 看一看 h__a_v_e _a_ l_o_o_k________45. 坐下,就坐(sit down) _ta_k_e_ _a_ s_e_a_t_ ____46. 对……有影响 _h_a_v_e_ a_n_ _e_ff_e_c_t_ o_n_____47. 犯错误,出差错_m_a_k__e _a_ m__i_st_a_k_e______48. 许下诺言 _m__a_k_e_ a_ _p_r_o_m_i_s_e_____49. 做鬼脸 _m__a_k_e_ a_ _f_a_ce_________50. 戏弄,开……的玩笑 p__la_y_ _a_ j_o_k_e_ o_n_ _______51. 在……中起作用/扮演角色 _p_la_y_ _a_ p_a_r_t_ i_n_ ___________52. 参观,拜访(visit) _p_a_y_ a_ _v_is_i_t _to_____53. 相当多,不少 _q_u_it_e_ a_ _f_e_w______54. 提前(earlier than expected) _a_h_e_a_d_ o_f_ t_i_m_e_/_in_ _a_d_v_a_n_c_e__55. 像往常一样 _a_s _u_s_u_a_l________二、句子改错 下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1. (2010新课标卷) My friend Nick told me story about his experience back in athe US… 可数名词单数story前加不定冠词,表示“一个”故事。2. (2009新课标卷)… and they found me a comfortable one on second floor. the序数词前要用定冠词。3. (2008新课标卷) We were organizing an art exhibition for high school students in city. the应是为特指的某个城市的中学生举办的艺展。事实上,英语中没有in city的说法,但通常说in town。4. (2014大纲卷)As a old saying goes, an“A friend in need is a friend indeed.” 因old的读音以元音音素开头。 5. (2013大纲卷)My mother is very kind and is friendly to everybody. So when I have the problem, I will turn to her for help. a 不是特指, 是泛指。6. (2012打纲I) Every one of us can make a great efforts to cut down the use of energy in our country. 复数名词前不用a。7. (2012大纲卷II) Many countries in the world find they don’t have enough water. To deal with a problem, I think, we the/this/thatshould first go all out to plant trees…特指上文提到的缺水“这个”问题。8. (2011大纲卷I) One of my unforgettable memories of my school in Xinjiang is that of lunches we brought from our homes. the因lunches后有定语从句修饰,特指从家里带到学校的午餐。 9. (2011大纲卷II) If you’d like to make trip ato our city some day, I will be better than happy to be your guide. 固定词组:make a trip to去旅行。10. (2010大纲卷I) There was Uncle Chen, gentleman living near my ahouse, who was a very famous writer. 表示 “一位” 绅士。11. (2010大纲卷II) Last year, she decided to study abroad. In other words, we would be separated for long time. a 表示分开很长“一段”时间。12. (2009大纲卷I) The factory… has been moved out of the city, and sports acenter has been built in its place. 指建了 “一座” 体育中心。13. (2009大纲卷II) Just before I turned corner of Park Street, theI happened to see an accident. 特指Park Street的转角处。14. (2008大纲卷II) Second, I will learn more about history of the Olympics … the 特指奥运会的历史。 15. (2007大纲卷I) “Because there are more the honors and joys in my life.”表示“更多的荣誉”是more honors,中间不用the。16. (2007大纲卷II) I meant to write long aletter and tell you all the things…因letter是单数可数名词,表示“一封”长信,要用不定冠词。THANK YOU! 考点3:冠词的混用、多用与少用真题再练下列各小题中有且仅有一处错误(多1个单词、少1个单词、错1个单词),请指出并改正过来,然后说明理由。1.(2015新课标卷I) Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. the习惯词组:in the countryside在农村。2.(2014新课标卷I) As result, the plants aare growing everywhere.固定词组:as a result结果。3.(2013新课标卷I) In a fact, he even scared my classmates away when they came over to play or do homework with me. 固定词组:in fact =in reality事实上。 4.(2011新课标卷) I was going to visit a friend there, and after that, I would go to Xiamen for long holiday. a因可数名词holiday是单数,前面应有限定词;表示“一个” 长假,填a,与for a long time类似。5.(2015新课标卷II) He liked it so much that he quickly walked into the shop… A woman saw him crying and told him to wait outside a shop. the特指上文提到的那家商店,用the。 6.(2014新课标卷II) My dream school looks like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. 不是特指,不用the。句意:教学楼周围有各种各样的花和树。7.(2013新课标卷II) This custom so
关 键 词:
短文改错考点3冠词的混用、多用与少用 ppt、pptx格式 免费阅读 下载 天天文库
 天天文库所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
关于本文
本文标题:短文改错考点3冠词的混用、多用与少用
链接地址: https://www.wenku365.com/p-39767775.html
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服点击这里,给天天文库发消息,QQ:1290478887 - 联系我们

本站为“文档C2C交易模式”,即用户上传的文档直接卖给(下载)用户,本站只是中间服务平台,本站所有文档下载所得的收益归上传人(含作者)所有【成交的100%(原创)】。本站是网络服务平台方,若您的权利被侵害,侵权客服QQ:1290478887 欢迎举报。

1290478887@qq.com 2017-2027 https://www.wenku365.com 网站版权所有

粤ICP备19057495号 

收起
展开